Publications of Allen J. Bard


To request older/unlinked publications email stephanie.achebe@utexas.edu and include the publication number that is in parenthesis in your request, i.e. (908) etc..

 
Journal Articles

(1) J. J. Lingane and A. J. Bard, "Coulometric Titration of Antimony with Electrogenerated Iodine" Anal. Chim. Acta, 16, 271 (1957).

(2) A. J. Bard and J. J. Lingane, "
Coulometric Titration with Electrogenerated +2 Tin, Determination of Iodine, Bromine and Various Oxidants via Iodometry" Anal. Chim. Acta, 20, 463 (1959).

(3) A. J. Bard and J. J. Lingane, "
Coulometric Titration with Electrogenerated +2 Tin, Titration of +3 Gold and +5 Vanadium" Anal. Chim. Acta, 20, 581 (1959).

(4) D. H. Geske and A. J. Bard, "
Evaluation of the Effect of Secondary Reactions in Controlled Potential Coulometry," J. Phys. Chem., 63, 1057 (1959).

(5) A. J. Bard, "
Multipurpose Electroanalytical Instrument Incorporating an X-Y Recorder," Anal. Chim. Acta, 21, 365 (1959).

(6) A. J. Bard, "
Coulometric Titration with Electrogenerated +2 Tin, Titration of +4 Platinum," Anal. Chem., 32, 623 (1960).

(7) A. J. Bard, "
Controlled Potential Coulometric Determination of Tin," Anal. Chim. Acta, 22, 577 (1960).

(8) A. J. Bard and S. H. Simonsen, "
The General Equation for the Equivalence Point Potential in Oxidation-Reduction Titrations," J. Chem. Ed., 37, 364 (1960).

(9) A. J. Bard, "
Effect of Electrode Configuration and Transition Time in Solid Electrode Chronopotentiometry," Anal. Chem., 33, 11 (1961).

(10) A. J. Bard, "
Inhibition of Hydrogen Ion Reduction at a Platinum Electrode by Tin Hydrous Oxide Film Formation," J. Electroanal. Chem., 3, 117 (1962).

(11) A. J. Bard, "
Polarography of Tin(IV)-Pyrogallol Complexes," Anal. Chem., 34, 226 (1962).

(12) A. J. Bard and A. Petropoulos, "
Coulometric Titration of Copper(II) with Electrogenerated Chromium(II)," Anal. Chim. Acta, 27, 44 (1962).

(13) A. J. Bard, "
Electroanalysis and Coulometric Analysis," Anal. Chem., 34, 57R (1962).

(14) A. J. Bard and E. Solon, "
High Speed Coulometer Based on Voltage-to-Frequency Converter," Anal. Chem., 34, 1181 (1962).

(15) A. J. Bard and J. Mayell, "
Secondary Reactions in Controlled Potential Coulometry. II. Secondary Electrode Reactions," J. Phys. Chem., 66, 2173 (1962).

(16) A. J. Bard, "
A Slide Rule for Chronopotentiometry," Analyst, 87, 911 (1962).

(17) A. J. Bard, "
Correction for the Inconstancy of the Chronopotentiometric Constant at Short Transition Times," Anal. Chem., 35, 340 (1963).

(18) A. J. Bard and J. S. Mayell, "
The Electroreduction of Quaternary Ammonium Compounds," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 85, 421 (1963).

(19) H. B. Herman and A. J. Bard, "
Cyclic Chronopotentiometry. I. Diffusion Controlled Electrode Reaction of a Single Component System," Anal. Chem., 35, 1121 (1963).

(20) A. J. Bard, "
High Speed Controlled Potential Coulometry," Anal. Chem., 35, 1125 (1963).

(21) A.J. Bard, "
Chronopotentiometric Oxidation of Hydrazine at a Platinum Electrode," Anal. Chem., 25, 1602 (1963).

(22) H. B. Herman, S. V. Tatwawadi, and A. J. Bard, "
Chronopotentiometric Measurements of Adsorption by Current Reversal," Anal. Chem., 35, 2210 (1963).

(23) A. R. Nisbet and A. J. Bard, "
Chronopotentiometric Deposition and Stripping of Silver, Lead, and Copper at Platinum Electrodes," J. Electroanal. Chem., 6, 332 (1963).

(24) A. J. Bard and E. Solon, "
Secondary Reactions in Controlled Potential Coulometry. III. Preceding and Simultaneous Chemical Reactions," J. Phys. Chem., 67, 2326 (1963).

(25) S. V. Tatwawadi and A. J. Bard, "
Chronopotentiometric Measurements of Adsorption. Riboflavin on a Mercury Electrode," Anal. Chem., 36, 2 (1964).

(26) H. B. Herman and A. J. Bard, "
Cyclic Chronopotentiometry. II. Electron Transfer with Following Chemical Reaction," Anal. Chem., 36, 510 (1964).

(27) A. J. Bard, "
Electroanalysis and Coulometric Analysis," Anal. Chem., 36, 70R (1964).

(28) H. B. Herman and A. J. Bard, "
Cyclic Chronopotentiometry. III. Multicomponent Systems and Stepwise Reactions," Anal. Chem., 36, 971 (1964).

(29) E. Solon and A. J. Bard, "
Coulometric Study of the Reaction of Diphenylpicrylhydrazyl and Bromide Ion," J. Phys. Chem., 68, 1144 (1964).

(30) E. Solon and A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochemistry of Diphenylpicrylhydrazyl," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 86, 1926 (1964).

(31) A. J. Bard and S. V. Tatwawadi, "
Secondary Reactions in Controlled Potential Coulometry. IV. Reversal Coulometry and Following Chemical Reactions," J. Phys. Chem., 68, 2676 (1964).

(32) D. M. King and A. J. Bard, "
Coulometric Analysis with Gas Volume Measurement," Anal. Chem., 36, 2351 (1964).

(33) K. S. V. Santhanam and A. J. Bard, "
Chemiluminescence of Electrogenerated 9,10- Diphenylanthracene Anion Radical," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 87, 139 (1965).

(34) D. M. King and A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochemistry of the Methylhydrazines," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 87, 419 (1965).

(35) A. J. Bard and H. B. Herman, "
Apparatus for the Precise Automatic Recording of Electrocapillary Curves," Anal. Chem., 37, 317 (1965).

(36) H. B. Herman and A. J. Bard, "
Operational Amplifier Instrumentation for Cyclic Chronopotentiometry," Anal. Chem., 37, 590 (1965).

(37) A. J. Bard and D. M. King, "
A General Digital Computer Program for Chemical Equilibrium Calculations," J. Chem. Educ., 42, 127 (1965).

(38) Str. M. C. White and A. J. Bard, "
Polarography of Metal-Pyrogallol Complexes," Anal. Chem., 38, 61 (1966).

(39) H. B. Herman and A. J. Bard, "
Chronopotentiometric Measurements of Chemical Reaction Rates. I. Programmed Current Studies of the ECE Mechanism," J. Phys. Chem., 70, 396 (1966).

(40) A. J. Bard and H. B. Herman, "
Application of Cyclic Chronopotentiometry to the Study of Electrode Reaction Mechanisms," Polarography-1964, MacMillan, London, 373 (1966).

(41) L. O. Wheeler, K. S. V. Santhanam and A. J. Bard, "
Electron Spin Resonance of 9,10- Diphenylanthracene Anion and Cation Radicals," J. Phys. Chem., 70, 404 (1966).

(42) A. J. Bard, "
Electroanalysis and Coulometric Analysis," Anal. Chem., 38, 88R (1966).

(43) K. S. V. Santhanam and A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochemical Reduction of 9,10-Diphenylanthracene," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 88, 2669 (1966).

(44) J. Phelps, K. S. V. Santhanam, and A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochemical Oxidation of Aromatic Hydrocarbons in Methylene Chloride," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 89, 1752 (1967).

(45) L. O. Wheeler, K. S. V. Santhanam and A. J. Bard, "
Electron Spin Resonance Spectra of 9- Phenylanthracene and 9,10-Diphenylanthracene Anion Radicals," J. Phys. Chem., 71, 2223 (1967).

(46) K. S. V. Santhanam, L. O. Wheeler, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry of Organo-phosphorous Compounds. I. Electroreduction of Tris(p-nitrophenyl) Phosphate," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 89, 3386 (1967).

(47) D. M. Mohilner, N. Hackerman and A. J. Bard, "
On Derivation and Application of the Linearized Current-Potential Characteristic," Anal. Chem., 39, 1499 (1967).

(48) S. A. Cruser and A. J. Bard, "
Concentration-Intensity Relationships in Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence," Anal. Letters, 1 (1967).

(49) L. O. Wheeler and A. J. Bard, "
Electron Spin Resonance Spectra of 5,6,11,12- Tetraphenylnaphthacene Anion and Cation Radicals," J. Phys. Chem., 71, 4513 (1967).

(50) J. A. Valenzuela and A. J. Bard, "
Electron Spin Resonance Spectrum of Tetrakis (p- methoxyphenyl)ethylene Cation Radical," J. Phys. Chem., 72, 286 (1968).

(51) K. S. V. Santhanam and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry of Organophosphorous Compounds. II. Electroreduction of Triphenylphosphine and Triphenylphosphine Oxide," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 90, 1118 (1968).

(52) J. L. Sadler and A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochemical Reduction of Aromatic Azo Compounds," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 90, 1979 (1968).

(53) J. L. Sadler and A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochemical Behavior of 4,4'-Azo-pyridine-l,l'-dioxide," J. Electrochem. Soc., 115, 343 (1968).

(54) A. J. Bard, "
Electroanalysis and Coulometric Analysis," Anal. Chem., 40, 64R (1968).

(55) S. V. Tatwawadi, K. S. V. Santhanam and A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochemical Reduction of Riboflavin in Dimethylsulfoxide," J. Electroanal. Chem., 17 411 (1968).

(56) J. T. Bowman and A. J. Bard, "
Potential Step-Current Step Techniques," Anal. Letters, 1, 533 (1968).

(57) H. B. Herman and A. J. Bard, "
Cyclic Chronopotentiometry. Systems Involving Kinetic Complications," J. Electrochem. Soc., 115, 1028 (1968).

(58) A. J. Bard, K. S. V. Santhanam, J. T. Maloy, J. Phelps, and L. O. Wheeler, "
Steric Effects and the Electrochemistry of Phenyl-Substituted Anthracenes and Related Compounds," Disc. Faraday Soc., 45, 167 (1968).

(59) L. R. Faulkner and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. I. Mechanism of Anthracene Chemiluminescence in N,N-Dimethylformamide Solution," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 90, 6284 (1968).

(60) J. T. Maloy, K. B. Prater, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. II. The Rotating Ring-Disk Electrode and the Pyrene-N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-p-phenylenediamine System," J. Phys. Chem., 72, 4348 (1968).

(61) S. A. Cruser and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. III. Intensity Time and Concentration-Intensity Relationships and the Lifetime of Radical Cations of Aromatic Hydrocarbons in N,N-Dimethylformamide Solution," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 91, 267 (1969).

(62) L. R. Faulkner and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. IV. Magnetic Field Effects on the Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Some Anthracenes " J. Am. Chem. Soc., 91, 209 (1969).

(63) J. A. Valenzuela and A. J. Bard, "
Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Hyperconjugation in 2,3-, 2,6-, and 2,7-Dimethylanthracene Cation and Anion Radicals," J. Phys. Chem., 73, 779 (1969).

(64) L. R. Faulkner and A. J. Bard, "
Magnetic Field Effects on Anthracene Triplet-Triplet Annihilation in Fluid Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 91, 6495 (1969).

(65) L. R. Faulkner and A. J. Bard, "
Wurster's Blue Cation as an Anthracene Triplet Quencher in Fluid Solution and the Effect of Magnetic Field on this Interaction," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 91, 6497 (1969).

(66) L. S. Marcoux, A. Lomax, and A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochemistry and Electron Spin Resonance Spectroscopy of 9,10-Di(-napthyl)anthracene," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 92, 243 (1970).

(67) K. B. Prater and A. J. Bard, "
Rotating Ring-Disk Electrodes. I. Fundamental of the Digital Simulation Approach. Disk and Ring Transients and Collection Efficiencies," J. Electrochem. Soc., 117, 207 (1970).

(68) K. B. Prater and A. J. Bard, "
Rotating Ring-Disk Electrodes. II. Digital Simulation of First and Second-Order Following Reactions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 117, 335 (1970).

(69) A. J. Bard and J. Phelps, "
On the Electrochemical Oxidation of Tetraanisylethylene," J. Electroanal. Chem., 25, App. 2 (1970).

(70) K. S. V. Santhanam and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry of Organophosphorous Compounds. III. Electroreduction of bis-(p-nitrophenyl)phosphate," J. Electroanal. Chem., 25, App. 6 (1970).

(71) A. J. Bard, "
Electroanalysis and Coulometric Analysis," Anal. Chem., 42, 22R (1970).

(72) L. R. Faulkner and A. J. Bard, "
A Phosphorimeter for Studying Delayed Fluorescence Immersed in a Magnetic Field," Chem. Instr., 2(3), 337 (1970).

(73) V. J. Puglisi and A. J. Bard, "
Controlled Potential Coulometry Employing a Rotating Disk Electrode," Anal. Letters, 3(8), 443 (1970).

(74) K. B. Prater and A. J. Bard, "
Rotating Ring-Disk Electrodes. III. Catalytic and ECE Reactions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 117, 1517 (1970).

(75) I. B. Goldberg and A. J. Bard, "
Anomalous g-Factors of the Diphenylacetylene and Diphenyldiacetylene Anion Radicals," Chem. Phys. Letters, 7, 139, (1970).

(76) W. V. Childs, J. T. Maloy, C. P. Keszthelyi, and A. J. Bard, "
Voltammetric and Coulometric Studies of the Mechanism of Electrohydrodimerization of Diethyl Fumarate in Dimethylformadine Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 118, 874 (1971).

(77) A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochemistry of Organic Compounds in Aprotic Solvents-Methods and Applications," Pure Appl. Chem., 25, 379 (1971).

(78) T. V. Atkinson and A. J. Bard, "
Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Cation Radicals Produced During Oxidation of Methylhydrazines," J. Phys. Chem., 75, 2043 (1971).

(79) J. T. Maloy, K. B. Prater, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. V. The Rotating Ring-Disk Electrode-Digital Simulation and Experimental Evaluation " J. Am. Chem. Soc., 93, 5959 (1971).

(80) J. T. Maloy and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. VI. Studies of the Efficiency and Mechanisms of 9,10-Diphenylanthracene, Rubrene, and Pyrene Systems at a Rotating Ring- Disk Electrode," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 93, 5968 (1971).

(81) I. B. Goldberg and A. J. Bard, "
Simultaneous Electrochemical-Electron Spin Resonance Measurements. I. Cell Design and Preliminary Results " J. Phys. Chem., 75, 3281 (1971).

(82) L. Faulkner, H. Tachikawa and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. VII. The Influence of External Magnetic Field on Luminescence Intensity," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 94, 691 (1972).

(83) C. P. Keszthelyi, H. Tachikawa, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. VIII. The Thianthrene -2,5-Diphenyl-1,3,4-oxadiazole System. A Mixed Energy-Sufficient System," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 94, 1522 (1972).

(84) N. E. Tokel and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. IX. Electrochemistry and Emission from Systems Containing Tris(2,2'-bipyridine)-ruthenium(II) and Dichloride," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 94, 2862 (1972).

(85) V. J. Puglisi and A. J. Bard, "
Electrohydrodimerization Reactions. II. Rotating Ring-Disk Electrode, Voltammetric and Coulometric Studies of Dimethyl Fumarate, Cinnamonitrile, and Fumaronitrile," J. Electrochem. Soc., 119, 829 (1972).

(86) V. J. Puglisi and A. J. Bard, "
Rotating Ring Disk Electrodes. IV. Dimerization and Second Order ECE Reactions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 119, 833 (1972).

(87) N. E. Tokel, C. P. Keszthelyi and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. X. a, b, g, d - Tetraphenylporphyrin Chemiluminescence," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 94, 4872 (1972).

(88) C. Fairless and A. J. Bard, "
Electrodeposition Techniques for Carbon Rod Flameless Atomic Absorption Analysis," Anal. Letters, 5, 433 (1972).

(89) B. A. Kowert, L. Marcoux and A. J. Bard, "
Homogeneous Electron Transfer Reactions of Several Aromatic Anion and Cation Radicals," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 94, 5538 (1972).

(90) I. B. Goldberg and A. J. Bard, "
Resistive Effects in Thin Electrochemical Cells: Digital Simulations of Current and Potential Steps in Thin Layer Electrochemical Cells," J. Electroanal. Chem., 38, 313 (1972).

(91) I. B. Goldberg, A. J. Bard and S. W. Feldberg, "
Resistive Effects in Thin Electrochemical Cells: Digital Simulations of Electrochemistry in Electron Spin Resonance Cells," J. Phys. Chem., 76, 2550 (1972).

(92) D. A. Payne and A. J. Bard, "
The Mechanism of the Zinc(II)-Zinc Amalgam Electrode Reaction in Alkaline Media as Studied by Chronocoulometric and Voltammetric Techniques," J. Electrochem. Soc., 119, 1665 (1972).

(93) A. Lomax, R. Hirasawa and A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochemistry of the Liquid Crystal N-(p- methoxybenzylidene)p-n-butylaniline (MBBA) - The Role of Electrode Reactions in Dynamic Scattering," J. Electrochem. Soc., 119, 1679 (1972).

(94) A. Lomax, L. S. Marcoux, and A. J. Bard, "
An Electron Spin Resonance Study of the Geometry of 9-Phenylacridine," J. Phys. Chem., 76, 3958 (1972).

(95) C. P. Keszthelyi and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XI. Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence in Scintillator Dye Melts,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 120, 241 (1973).

(96) H. Tachikawa and A. J. Bard, "
Magnetic Field Effects on Oxygen Quenching of Delayed Fluorescence of Anthracene and Pyrene in Fluid Solution," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 95, 1672 (1973).

(97) H. Tachikawa and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XII. Magnetic Field Effects on ECL in the Tetracene-TMPD System; Evidence for Triplet-Triplet Annihilation of Tetracene," Chem. Phys. Lett., 19, 287 (1973).

(98) A. Demortier and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical Reactions of Organic Compounds in Liquid Ammonia. I. Reduction of Benzophenone," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 95, 3495 (1973).

(99) V. J. Puglisi and A. J. Bard, "
Electrohydrodimerization Reactions. III. Rotating Ring-Disk Electrode, Voltammetric and Coulometric Studies of Mixed Reductive Coupling of Dimethyl Fumarate in the Presence of Cinnamonitrile and Acrylonitrile in Dimethylformamide Solution,” J. Electrochem. Soc., 120, 748 (1973).

(100) M. J. Hazelrigg and A. J. Bard, "
Chronocoulometric Study of Adsorption of 9,10- diphenylanthracene and its Radical Anion in Dimethylformamide Solutions at a Platinum Electrode," J. Electroanal. Chem., 46, 141 (1973).

(101) N. E. Tokel-Takvoryan, R. E. Hemingway and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XIII. Electrochemical and ECL Studies of Ruthenium Chelates," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 95, 6582 (1973).

(102) E. A. Mayeda and A. J. Bard, "
The Production of Singlet Oxygen in Electrogenerated Radical Ion Electron Transfer Reactions," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 95, 6223 (1973).

(103) C. P. Keszthelyi and A. J. Bard, "
Triboluminescence and Triboelectrification by the Motion of Mercury Over Glass Coated with Scintillator Dyes," J. Electrochem. Soc., 120, 1726 (1973).

(104) C. P. Keszthelyi, N. E. Tokel-Takvoryan, H. Tachikawa and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XIV. Effect of Supporting Electrolyte Concentration and Magnetic Field Effects in the 9,10-Dimethylanthracene-Tri-p-tolylamine System in Tetrahydrofuran," Chem. Phys. Lett., 23, 219 (1973).

(105) C. Fairless and A. J. Bard, "
Hanging Mercury Drop Electrodeposition Technique for Carbon Filament Flameless Atomic Absorption Analysis - Application to the Determination of Copper in Sea Water," Anal. Chem., 45, 2289 (1973).

(106) A. J. Bard, J. C. Gilbert, and R. D. Goodin, "
Application of Spin Trapping to the Detection of Radical Intermediates in Electrochemical Transformations," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 96, 620 (1974).

(107) C. P. Keszthelyi and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XV. On the Formation of Excimers and Exciplexes in ECL," Chem. Phys. Lett., 24, 300 (1974).

(108) B. Goldberg and A. J. Bard, "
SEESR II. Kinetic Measurements Using Constant Current Pulse," J. Phys. Chem., 78, 290 (1974).

(109) B. Goldberg, D. Boyd, R. Hirasawa and A. J. Bard, "
SEESR III. Determination of Rate Constants for Second Order Radical Anion Dimerization," J. Phys. Chem., 78, 295 (1974).

(110) N. E. Tokal-Takvoryan and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XVI. ECL of Palladium and Platinum , , , -Tetraphenylporphyrin Complexes," Chem. Phys. Lett., 25, 235 (1974).

(111) H. Tachikawa and A. J. Bard, "
Effect of Concentration and Magnetic Field on Radical Ion (Wurster's Blue Cation and Benzoquinone Anion) Quenching of Anthracene Triplets in Fluid Solution," Chem. Phys. Lett., 26, 10 (1974).

(112) A. J. Bard, V. J. Puglisi, J. V. Kenkel and A. Lomax, "
Reductive Coupling and Isomerization of Electrogenerated Radical Ions of cis- and trans-Isomers," Disc. Faraday Soc., 56, 353 (1973).

(113) H. Tachikawa and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XVII. Effect of Solvent and Magnetic Field on ECL of Rubrene Systems," Chem. Phys. Lett., 26, 246 (1974).

(114) E. A. Mayeda and A. J. Bard, "
Singlet Oxygen. The Suppression of Its Production in Dismutation of Superoxide Ion by Superoxide Dismutase," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 96, 4023 (1974).

(115) J. V. Kenkel and A. J. Bard, "
A Dual Working Electrode Coulometric Flow Cell," J. Electroanal. Chem., 54, 47 (1974).

(116) H. Tachikawa and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XVIII. Effect of a Magnetic Field on the Delayed Florescence and ECL of Several Systems Involving Excimers or Exciplexes," Chem. Phys. Letters, 26, 568 (1974).

(117) C. P. Keszthelyi and A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XIX. Preparation and Chemiluminescence of 5,12-Dibromo -5,12-dihydro-5,6,11,12,tetraphenylnapthacene," J. Org. Chem., 39, 2936 (1974).

(118) R. Allensworth, J. W. Rogers, G. Ridge and A. J. Bard, "
Voltammetry of (E)-l-Phenyl-2-Nitro-l- Propene in N,N-Dimethylformamide Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 121, 1412 (1974).

(119) M. J. Hazelrigg, Jr., and A. J. Bard, "
Electrohydrodimerization Reactions. IV. A Study of the Effect of Alkali Metal Ions on the Hydrodimerizaion of Several 1,2-Diactivated Olefins in DMF Solutions by Chronoamperometry and Chronocoulometry," J. Electrochem. Soc., 122, 211-220 (1975).

(120) C. P. Keszthelyi, N. E. Tokel-Takvoryan and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XX. Determination of the Absolute Luminescence Efficiency in Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence; 9,10-Diphenylanthracene:Thianthrene and Other Systems,” Anal. Chem., 47, 249 (1975).

(121) R. E. Hemingway, S. M. Park and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XXI. Energy Transfer from an Exciplex to a Rare Earth Chelate," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 97, 200 (1975).

(122) A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemiluminescence," L'actualite Chimique (Soc. Chim. France),7, 5 (1974).

(123) R. D. Goodin, J. C. Gilbert and A. J. Bard, "
On the ESR Spectra of Intermediates Generated During the Electrochemical Oxidation of Triphenylacetic Acid in Acetonitrile," J. Electroanal. Chem., 59, 163 (1975).

(124) S. M. Park and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XXII. On the Generation of Exciplexes in the Radical Ion Reaction," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 97, 2978 (1975).

(125) D. Laser and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XXIII. On the Operation and Lifetime of ECL Devices," J. Electrochem. Soc., 122, 632 (1975).

(126) K. L. Hardee and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. I. The Chemical Vapor Deposition and Application of Polycrystalline N-Type Titanium Dioxide Electrodes to the Photosensitized Electrolysis of Water," J. Electrochem. Soc., 122, 739 (1975).

(127) J. T. Maloy and A. J. Bard, "
On the Applicability of the Relative Excimer Yield Equation to Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence," Spec. Letters, 8, 97 (1975).

(128) Vartires, W. H. Smith, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrohydrodimerization Reactions. V. Liquid Ammonia as a Solvent for Reductive Coupling of Diethyl Fumarate, Cinnamonitrile, and Acrylonitrile,J. Electrochem. Soc., 122, 894 (1975).

(129) S. N. Frank, A. J. Bard, and A. Ledwith, "
Electrochemical Oxidation of Iminobibenzyl and Related Compounds," J. Electrochem. Soc., 122, 898 (1975).

(130) H. Kojima and A. J. Bard, "
An A.C. Technique for Determining the Rates of Rapid Electrode Reactions of Aromatic Compound in Aprotic Media," J. Electroanal. Chem., 63, 117 (1975).

(131) D. Laser and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. III. Photo-induced Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence and Up-Conversion at Semiconductor Electrodes " Chem. Phys. Letters, 34, 605 (1975).

(132) W. H. Smith and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical Reactions of Organic Compounds in Liquid Ammonia. II. Nitrobenzene and Nitrosombenzene," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 97, 5203 (1975).

(133) H. Kojima and A. J. Bard, "
Determination of Rate Constants for the Electroreduction of Aromatic Compounds and Their Correlation with Homogeneous Electron Transfer Rates," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 97, 6317 (1975).

(134) W. H. Smith and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical Reactions of Organic Compounds in Liquid Ammonia. III. Reductive Alkylation of Quinoline,”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 97, 6491 (1975).

(135) K. G. Boto, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XXIV. Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of 9,10-dichloro-9,10-dihydro-9,10-diphenylanthracene," J. Electroanal. Chem., 65, 945 (1975).

(136) S. N. Frank and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. II. Electrochemistry at n-Type TiO2 Electrodes in Acetonitrile Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc. 97,7427 (1975).

(137) D. Laser and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. IV. Electrochemical Behavior of n- and p-type Silicon Electrodes in Acetonitrile Solutions," J. Phys. Chem., 80, 459 (1976).

(138) S. M. Park and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XXV. The Production of Benzophenone Phosphorescence in Fluid Solution by Radical Ion Reaction," Chem. Phys. Letters, 38, 257 (1976).

(139) J. Phelps and A. J. Bard, "
One vs. Two-Electron Oxidations of Tetraarylethylenes in Aprotic Solvents," J. Electroanal. Chem., 68, 313 (1976).

(140) L. S. R. Yeh and A. J. Bard, "
The Electroreduction of Cis- and Trans-Thioindigo in N,N- Dimethylformamide Solutions," J. Electroanal. Chem., 70, 157 (1976).

(141) M. Libert and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XXVI. Systems Involving Tetraarylpyrroles, Tetraphenylfuran, and Tetraphenyltheophene," J. Electrochem. Soc., 123, 814 (1976).

(142) K. L. Hardee and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. V. The Application of Chemically Vapor Deposited Iron Oxide Films to Photosensitized Electrolysis," J. Electrochem. Soc., 123, 1024 (1976).

(143) D. Laser and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. VI. A Photoelectrochemical Solar Cell Employing a TiO2 Anode and Oxygen Cathode," J. Electrochem. Soc., 123 , 1027 (1976).

(144) Jean-Maxime Nigretto and A. J. Bard, "
Electrohydrodimerization Reactions. VI. Rotating Ring-Disk Electrode and Macroscale Electrolysis Studies of the Second Reduction Wave of Diethyl Fumarate," J. Electrochem. Soc., 123, 1303 (1976).

(145) H. Kojima, A. J. Bard, H. N. C. Wong, and F. Sondheimer, "
Electrochemical Reduction of sym- Dibenzocyclooctatetraene, sym-Dibenzo-1,5- cycloocadiene-3,7-diyne, and sym-Dibenzo-1,3 5- cyclooctratrien-7-yne," J. Am. Chem. Soc.., 98, 5560 (1976).

(146) D. Laser and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. VII. Digital Simulation of Charge Injection and the Establishment of the Space Charge Region in the Absence and Presence of Surface States," J. Electrochem. Soc., 123, 1828 (1976).

(147) D. Laser and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. VIII. Digital Simulation of Open-Circuit Photopotentials," J. Electrochem. Soc., 123, 1833 (1976).

(148) D. Laser and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. IX. Digital Simulation of the Relaxation of Photogenerated Free Carriers and Photocurrents," J. Electrochem. Soc., 123, 1837 (1976).

(149) L. S. R. Yeh and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 28. Direct Heterogeneous Formation of the Triplet State by Reduction of Rubrene Radical Cation at an n-Type Zinc Oxide Electrode," Chem. Phys. Lett., 44, 339 (1976).

(150) S. N. Frank and A. J. Bard, "
Heterogeneous Photocatalytic Oxidation of Cyanide Ion in Aqueous Solutions at TiO2 Powder," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 99, 303 (1977).

(151) M. T. Stankovich and A. J. Bard, "T
he Electrochemistry of Proteins ad Related Substances. I. Cystine and Cysteine at the Mercury Electrode," J. Electroanal. Chem., 75, 487 (1977).

(152) W. H. Smith and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical Reactions of Organic Compounds in Liquid Ammonia. IV. Reduction of Cyclooctatetraene," J. Electroanal. Chem., 76, 19 (1977).

(153) K. S. V. Santhanam, N. Jesperson, and A. J. Bard, "
Application of a Novel Thermistor Mercury Electrode to the Study of Changes of Activity of an Adsorbed Enzyme on Electrochemical Reduction and Oxidation," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 99, 274 (1977).

(154) L. S. R. Yeh and A. J. Bard, "
Rotating Ring-Disk Electrodes. V. Isomerization and Reductive Coupling of Dialkyl Maleates," J. Electrochem. Soc., 124, 189 (1977).

(155) K. L. Hardee and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. X. Photoelectrochemical Behavior of Several Polycrystalline Metal Oxide Electrodes in Aqueous Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 124, 215 (1977).

(156) P. A. Kohl, S. N. Frank and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XI. Behavior of n- and p-Type Single Crystal Semiconductors Covered with Thin n-TiO2 Films," J. Electrochem. Soc., 124, 225 (1977).

(157) L. S. R. Yeh and A. J. Bard, "
Electrocarboxylation Reactions. Rotating Ring-Disk Electrodes, Voltammetric, and Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Dialkyl Fumarates and Maletes,J. Electrochem. Soc., 124, 355 (1977).

(158) R. C. Gray, V. A. Fishman and A. J. Bard, “
Simple Sample Cell for Examination of Solids and Liquids by Photoacoustic Spectroscopy,” Anal. Chem., 49, 697 (1977).

(159) S. M. Park and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XXVII. E.C.L. and Electrochemical Studies of Selected Laser Dyes," J. Electroanal. Chem., 77, 137 (1977).

(160) T. Saji and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 29. The Electrochemistry and Chemiluminescence of Chlorophyll a in N,N-Dimethylformamide Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 99, 2235 (1977).

(161) S. N. Frank and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 12. Photoassisted Oxidations and Photoelectrosynthesis at Polycrystalline TiO2 Electrodes," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 99, 4667 (1977).

(162) L. S. Yeh and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical Studies and Photoconversion of Cis- and Trans-6,6' -Diethoxythiindigo," J. Electroanal. Chem., 81, 333 (1977).

(163) L. S. Yeh and A. J. Bard, "
Secondary Reactions in Controlled Potential Coulometry. V. Reversal Coulometric Study of the Reduction of Cis- and Trans-Thioindigo in the Presence of Carbon Dioxide, Cinnamonitrile and Acrylonitrile," J. Electroanal. Chem., 81, 319 (1977).

(164) S. N. Frank and A. J. Bard, "
Heterogeneous Photocatalytic Oxidation of Cyanide and Sulfite in Aqueous Solutions at Semiconductor Powders," J. Phys. Chem., 81, 1484 (1977).

(165) M. M. Chang, T. Saji, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 30. Electrochemical Oxidation of Oxalate Ion in the Presence of Luminescers in Acetonitrile Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 99, 5399 (1977).

(166) G. H. Brilmyer, A. Fujishima, K. S. V. Santhanam and A. J. Bard, "
Photothermal Spectroscopy,Anal. Chem., 49, 2057 (1977).

(167) A. J. Bard and M. S. Wrighton, "
Thermodynamic Potential for the Anodic Dissolution of n-Type Semiconductors. A Crucial Factor Controlling Durability ad Efficiency in Photochemical Cells and an Important Criterion in the Selection of New Electrode/Electrolyte Systems," J. Electrochem. Soc., 124, 1706 (1977).

(168) M. T. Stankovich and A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochemistry of Proteins and Related Substances. II. Insulin," J. Electroanal. Chem., 85, 173 (1977).

(169) P. A. Kohl and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 13. Characterization and Behavior of n-Type ZnO, CdS, and GaP Electrodes in Acetonitrle Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 99, 7531 (1977).

(170) B. Kraeutler and A. J. Bard, "
Photoelectrosynthesis of Ethane From Acetate Ion at an n-Type TiO2 Electrode. The Photo-Kolbe Reaction," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 99, 7729 (1977).

(171) M. T. Stankovich and A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochemistry of Proteins and Related Substances. III. Bovine Serum Albumin," J. Electroanal. Chem., 86,189 (1978).

(172) R. N. Noufi, P. A. Kohl, S. N. Frank, and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XIV. Electrochemistry and Electroluminescence at n-Type TiO2 in Aqueous Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 125, 246 (1978).

(173) R. N. Noufi, P. A. Kohl, and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XV. Photoelectrochemical Cells with Mixed Polycrystalline n-Type CdS-CdSe Electrodes," J. Electrochem. Soc., 125, 375 (1978).

(174) B. Kraeutler and A. J. Bard, "
Heterogeneous Photocatalytic Synthesis of Methane from Acetic Acid - New Kolbe Reaction Pathway," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 100, 2239 (1978).

(175) J. D. Luttmer and A. J. Bard, "
On the Reported Emission from the T State During ECL of 9, 10- Diphenylanthracene," Chem. Phys. Lett., 55, 493 (1978).

(176) T. H. Teherani, L. A. Tinker and A. J. Bard, "
Steric Effects in the Electroreduction of 9-Anthryl Styryl Ketone and 9,10-Anthryl Bis (Styryl Ketone)," J. Electroanal. Chem., 90, 117 (1978).

(177) A. Merz and A. J. Bard, "
A Stable Surface Modified Platinum Electrode Prepared by Coating with an Electroactive Polymer," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 100, 3222 (1978).

(178) T. Saji, N. F. Pasch, S. E. Webber and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical Behavior of Polymers in Aprotic Media. 1. Polyvinylnaphthalene and Polyvinylanthracene," J. Phys. Chem., 82, 1101 (1978).

(179) J. M. Leal, T. Teherani, and A. J. Bard, "
The Electroreduction of Heptaphenyltropylium Ion to the Free Radical in Acetonitrile," J. Electroanal. Chem., 91, 275 (1978).

(180) J. B. Flanagan, S. Margel, A. J. Bard and F. C. Anson, "
Electron Transfer to and from Molecules Containing Multiple, Noninteracting Redox Centers. Electrochemical Oxidation of Poly(vinylferrocene)," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 100, 4248 (1978).

(181) B. Kraeutler and A. J. Bard, "
Heterogeneous Photocatalytic Preparation of Supported Catalysts. Photodeposition of Platinum on TiO2 Powder and Other Substrates," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 100, 4317 (1978).

(182) B. Kraeutler, C. D. Jaeger, and A. J. Bard, "
Direct Observation of Radical Intermediates in the Photo-Kolbe Reaction - Heterogeneous Photocatalytic Radical Formation by Electron Spin Resonance," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 100, 4903 (1978).

(183) R. C. Gray and A. J. Bard, "
Photoacoustic Spectroscopy Applied to Systems Involving Photoinduced Gas Evolution or Consumption," Anal. Chem., 50, 1262 (1978).

(184) K. Itaya and A. J. Bard, "
Chemically Modified Polymer Electrodes: Synthetic Approach Employing Poly(methacryl chloride) Anchors," Anal. Chem., 50,1487 (1978).

(185) T. H. Teherani, W. J. Peer, J. J. Lagowski, and A. J. Bard, "
Anodic Electrodeposition of Gold from Liquid Ammonia Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 125, 1717 (1978).

(186) J. D. Luttmer and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XXXIII. The Production of Excited States by Direct Homogeneous Electron Transfer from Semiconductor Electrodes," J. Electrochem. Soc., 125, 1423 (1978).

(187) W. L. Wallace and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XXXII. ECL from Energy- Deficient Aromatic Hydrocarbon Acceptor and Tetrathiafulvalene Donor Systems," J. Electrochem. Soc., 125, 1430 (1978).

(188) T. Teherani, K. Itaya and A. J. Bard, "
An Electrochemical Study of Solvated Electrons in Liquid Ammonia," Nouv. J. Chim., 2, 481 (1978).

(189) B. Kraeutler and A. J. Bard, "
Heterogeneous Photocatalytic Decomposition of Saturated Carboxylic Acids on TiO2 Powder. Decarboxylative Route to Alkanes," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 100, 5985 (1978).

(190) A. J. Bard, "
Spectroscopie Photoacoustique et Photothermique," Analusis, 6, 277 (1978).

(191) T. H. Teherani, W. J. Peer, J. J. Lagowski, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical Behavior and Standard Potential of Au in Liquid Ammonia," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 100, 7768 (1978).

(192) A. J. Bard, "
Photoelectrochemistry and Heterogeneous Photocatalysis at Semiconductors," J. Photochem., 10, 59 (1979).

(193) P. A. Kohl and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XVI. The Characterization and Photoelectrochemical Behavior of n- and p-GaAs Electrodes in Acetonitrile Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 126, 59 (1979).

(194) B. Kraeutler and A. J. Bard, "
The Photoassisted Decarboxylation of Acetate on n-Type Rutile Electrodes. The Photo-Kolbe Reaction," Nouv. J. Chim., 3, 31 (1979).

(195) J. D. Luttmer and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. Photo-induced Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence and Up-Conversion at Semiconductor Electrodes," J. Electrochem. Soc., 126, 414 (1979).

(196) R. E. Malpas, R. A. Fredlein and A. J. Bard, "
The Piezoelectric Detection of Electrode Surfaces Processes," J. Electroanal. Chem., 98, 171 (1979).

(197) R. E. Malpas, R. A. Fredlein and A. J. Bard, "
The Piezoelectric Measurement of Electrocapillary Curves (Preliminary note)," J. Electroanal. Chem., 98, 339 (1979).

(198) B. Reichman and A. J. Bard, "
The Electrochromic Process at WO3 Electrodes Prepared by Vacuum Evaporation and Anodic Oxidation of W," J. Electrochem. Soc., 126, 583 (1979).

(199) P. A. Kohl and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XVII. Electrochemical Behavior of n- and p- Type InP Electrodes in Acetonitrile Solutions,J. Electrochem. Soc., 126, 598 (1979).

(200) P. A. Kohl and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XVIII. Liquid Junction Photovoltaic Cells Based on n-GaAs Electrodes and Acetonitrile Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 126, 603 (1979).

(201) C. D. Jaeger and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical Behavior of Tetrathiafulvalene -Tetracyanoquinodimethane Electrodes in Aqueous Media," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 101, 1690 (1979).

(202) L. A. Tinker and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry in Liquid Sulfur Dioxide. I. Oxidation of Thianthrene, Penothiazine, and 9,10-Diphenylanthracene," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 101, 2316 (1979).

(203) R. N. Noufi, P. A. Kohl, J. W. Rogers, Jr., J. M. White and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XIX. An Investigation of S/Se Substitution in Single Crystal CdSe and CdS Photoelectrodes by Electron Spectroscopy," J. Electrochem. Soc., 126, 949 (1979).

(204) R. E. Malpas, K. Itaya and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 20. Photogeneration of Solvated Electrons on p-Type GaAs Electrodes in Liquid Ammonia," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 101, 2535 (1979).

(205) W. L. Wallace and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 35. Temperature Dependence of the ECL Efficiency of Ru(bpy)32+ in Acetonitrile and Evidence for Very High Excited State Yields from Electron Transfer Reactions," J. Phys. Chem., 83, 1350 (1979).

(206) A. J. Bard and A. Merz, "
Electrochemical Reduction of Allyl Halides in Nonaqueous Solvents -- A Reinvestigation," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 101, 2959 (1979).

(207) H. Reiche and A. J. Bard, "
Heterogeneous Photosynthetic Production of Amino Acids from Methane-Ammonia-Water at Pt/TiO2. Implications in Chemical Evolution," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 101, 3127 (1979).

(208) K. Itaya, R. E. Malpas and A. J. Bard, "
Photoelectron Emission from a Metal Electrode in Liquid Ammonia," Chem. Phys. Lett., 63, 411 (1979).

(209) W. L. Wallace, C. D. Jaeger, and A. J. Bard, "
In Situ Resonance Raman Spectroscopic Investigation of the Tetrathiafulvalene Tetracyanoquinodimethane Electrode Surface," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 101, 4840 (1979).

(210) K. Itaya, A. J. Bard, and M. Szwarc, "
Successive Electron Transfers to Molecules with Identical Interacting Centers -- The Electroreduction of 9,9' -Dianthrylalkanes," Z. Phys. Chem. N.F., 112, 1 (1978).

(211) H. Reiche, W. W. Dunn, and A. J. Bard, "
Heterogeneous Photocatalytic and Photosynthetic Deposition of Copper on TiO2 and WO3 Powders," J. Phys. Chem., 83, 2248 (1979).

(212) B. Kraeutler, H. Reiche, and A. J. Bard, "
Initiation of Free Radical Polymerization by Heterogeneous Photocatalysis at Semiconductor Powders," J. Poly. Sci., Poly. Letts., 17, 535 (1979).

(213) F.-R. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
Spectral Sensitization of the Heterogeneous Photocatalytic Oxidation of Hydroquinone in Aqueous Solutions at Phthalocyanine-Coated TiO2 Powders,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 101, 6139 (1979).

(214) R. A. Fredlein and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XXI. The Characterization and Behavior of n-Type Fe2O3 Electrodes in Acetonitrile Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 126, 1892 (1979).

(215) C. D. Jaeger and A. J. Bard, "
Spin Trapping and Electron Spin Resonance Detection of Radical Intermediates in the Photodecomposition of Water at TiO2 Particulate Systems," J. Phys. Chem., 83, 3146 (1979).

(216) B. Reichman and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XXII. Electrochromism and Photoelectrochemistry at W03 Layers Prepared by Thermal and Anodic Oxidation of W," J. Electrochem. Soc., 126, 2133 (1979).

(217) G. H. Brilmyer and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. XXXVI. The Production of Steady Direct Current ECL in Thin Layer and Flow Cells," J. Electrochem. Soc., 127, 104 (1980).

(218) B. Reichman and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochromism at Niobium Pentoxide Electrodes in Aqueous and Acetonitrile Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 127, 241(1980).

(219) R. E. Malpas and A. J. Bard, "
In Situ Monitoring of Electrochromic Systems by Piezoelectric Detector Photoacoustic Spectroscopy of Electrodes," Anal. Chem., 52, 109 (1980).

(220) B. Reichman, F.-R. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XXV. The p-GaAs/Heptyl Viologen System. Photoelectrochemical Cells and Photoelectrochromic Displays," J. Electrochem. Soc., 127, 333 (1980).

(221) L. J. Handley and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XXIII. The Determination of Flatband Potentials from Differential Stress Measurements with Attached Piezoelectric Detectors," J. Electrochem. Soc., 127, 338 (1980).

(222) P. J. Peerce and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. Part I. The Application of Poly(vinylferrocene)-coated Platinum Electrodes as References Electrodes in Acetonitrile," J. Electroanal. Chem., 108, 121 (1980).

(223) A. J. Bard, "
Photoelectrochemistry," Science, 207, 139 (1980).

(224) F.-R. Fan, H. S. White, B. Wheeler and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 27. The p- and n- GaAs-N,N' -Dimethyl -4,4' -bipyridinium System. Enhancement of Hydrogen Evolution on p-GaAs and Stabilization of n-GaAs Electrodes," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 102, 1488 (1980).

(225) F.-R. Fan, H.S. White, B. Wheeler and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XXIX. High Efficiency Photoelectrochemical Solar Cells with n-WSe Electrodes in an Aqueous Iodide Medium," J. Electrochem. Soc., 127, 518 (1980).

(226) B. Reichman, A. J. Bard and D. Laser, "
A Digital Simulation Model for Electrochromic Processes at WO3 Electrodes," J. Electrochem. Soc., 127, 647 (1980).

(227) A. Fujishima, Y. Maeda, K. Honda, G. H. Brilmyer and A. J. Bard, "
Simultaneous Determination of Quantum Efficiency and Energy Efficiency of Semiconductor Photoelectrochemical Cells by Photothermal Spectroscopy," J. Electrochem. Soc., 127 , 840 (1980).

(228) A. Fujishima, H. Masuda, K. Honda, and A. J. Bard, "
Measurement of Gold Electrode Surface Changes in situ by Laser Photothermal Spectroscopy," Anal. Chem., 52, 682 (1980).

(229) G. H. Brilmyer and A. J. Bard, "
Application of Photothermal Spectroscopy to in-situ Studies of Films on Metals and Electrodes," Anal. Chem., 52, 685 (1980).

(230) C. D. Jaeger, F.-R. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 26. Spectral Sensitization of Semiconductors with Phthalocyanine," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 102, 2592 (1980).

(231) K. Hirano and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XXVIII. Rotating Ring Disk Electrode Studies of Photo-oxidation of Acetate and Iodide at n-TiO2," J. Electrochem. Soc., 127, 1056 (1980).

(232) C. K. Chien, H. C. Wang, M. Szwarc, A. J. Bard, and K. Itaya, "
Electron Transfer Induced Isomerization of cis -4,4' -Diphenylstilbene into Its trans Form", J. Am. Chem. Soc., 102, 3100 (1980).

(233) A. J. Bard, K. Itaya, R. E. Malpas, and T. Teherani, "
Electrochemical Photoelectrochemical Studies of Excess Electrons in Liquid Ammonia," J. Phys. Chem., 84, 1262 (1980).
(234) A. J. Bard, A. B. Bocarsly, F.-R. Fan, E. G. Walton, and M. S. Wrighton, "
The Concept of Fermi Level Pinning at Semiconductor/Liquid Junctions. Consequences for Energy Conversion Efficiency and Selection of Useful Solution Redox Couples in Solar Devices," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 102, 3671 (1980).

(235) F.-R. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 24. Behavior and Photoelectrochemical Cells Based on p-Type GaAs in Aqueous Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc.., 102, 3677 (1980).

(236) A. Giraudeau, F.-R. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 30. Spectral Sensitization of the Semiconductors n-TiO2 and n-WO3 with Metal Phthalocyanines," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 102, 5137 (1980).

(237) F.-R. Fan, H. S. White, B. L. Wheeler and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 31. Photoelectrochemistry and Photovoltaic Systems with n- and p-Type WSe2 in Aqueous Solution," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 102, 5142 (1980).

(238) C. D. Jaeger and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical Behavior of Donor Tetracyanoquinodimethane Electrodes in Aqueous Media," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 102, 5435 (1980).

(239) V. A. Fishman and A. J. Bard, "
Digital Simulation of Temperature and Pressure Effects in Photoacoustic Spectroscopy," Anal. Chem., 52, 1723 (1980).

(240) P. Peerce and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. II. Film Structure and Mechanism of Electron Transfer with Electrodeposited Poly(vinylferrocene)," J. Electroanal. Chem., 112, 97 (1980).

(241) I. Rubinstein and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. IV. Nafion-Coated Electrodes and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Surface Attached Ru(bpy)32+ ," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 102, 6641 (1980).

(242) P. Peerce and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. III. Digital Simulation Model for Cyclic Voltammetry of Electroactive Polymer Film and Electrochemistry of Poly(vinylferrocene) on Platinum," J. Electroanal. Chem., 114, 89 (1980).

(243) I. Izumi, W. Dunn, K. Wilbourn, F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "
The Heterogeneous Photocatalytic Oxidation of Hydrocarbons on Platinized TiO2 Powders," J. Phys. Chem., 84, 3207 (1980).

(244) V. A. Fishman and A. J. Bard, "
Open-Ended Photoacoustic Spectroscopy Cell for Thin-Layer Chromatography and Other Applications," Anal. Chem., 53, 102 (1981).

(245) W. Dunn, Y. Aikawa and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XXXV. Slurry Electrodes Based on Semiconductor Powder Suspensions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 128, 222 (1981).

(246) B. Reichman and A. J. Bard, "
The Application of Nb2O5 as a Cathode in Nonaqueous Lithium Cells," J. Electrochem. Soc., 128, 344 (1981).

(247) I. Izumi, F.-R. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
Heterogeneous Photocatalytic Decomposition of Benzoic Acid and Adipic Acid on Platinized TiO2
Powder. The Photo-Kolbe Decarboxylative Route to the Breakdown of the Benzene Ring and to the Production of Butane
," J. Phys. Chem., 85, 218 (1981).

(248) I. Rubinstein and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 37. Aqueous ECL Systems Based on Ru(2,2' -bipyridine)32+ and Oxalate or Organic Acids," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 512 (1981).

(249) R. E. Malpas, K. Itaya and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 32. n- and p-GaAs, n- and p-Si, and n-TiO2 in Liquid Ammonia," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 1622 (1981).

(250) F.-R. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XXXVI. Characteristics of n-MoSe2, n- and p-WSe2 Electrodes in Aqueous Solution," J. Electrochem. Soc., 128, 945 (1981).

(251) H. White, F.-R. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XXXIII. Photoelectrochemistry of n- Type WSe2 in Acetonitrile," J. Electrochem. Soc., 128, 1045 (1981).

(252) G. Nagasubramanian and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XXXIV. Photoelectrochemistry of p-Type WSe2 in Acetonitrile and the p-WSe2 -Nitrobenzene Cell," J. Electrochem. Soc., 128, 1055 (1981).

(253) A. J. Bard, V. A. Fishman, T. Sawada and J.-M. Weulersse, "
Spectroscopies Photoacoustique et Photothermique," Tech. de l'ingenieur, P2889, 1 (1981).

(254) J. D. Luttmer and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 38. Emission Intensity-Time Transients in the Tris (2,2' -bipyridine) ruthenium(II) System," J. Phys. Chem., 85, 1155 (1981).

(255) K. Itaya and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 39. Reactions of Solvated Electrons in Liquid Ammonia," J. of Phys. Chem., 85, 1358 (1981).

(256) W. W. Dunn, Y. Aikawa and A. J. Bard, "
Characterization of Particulate Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysts by Photoelectrophoretic and Electrochemical Measurements," J. Am. Chem. Soc.., 103, 3456 (1981).

(257) Y. D. Chen, K. S. V. Santhanam, and A. J. Bard, "
Solution Redox Couples for Electrochemical Energy Storage. I. Iron (III) - Iron(II) Complexes With o-Phenanthroline and Related Ligands," J. Electrochem. Soc., 128, 1460 (1981).

(258) A. J. Bard, F.-R. Fan, A. S. Gioda, G. Nagasubramanian and H. S. White, "
On the Role of Surface States in Semiconductor Electrode Photoelectrochemical Cells," Faraday Disc., 70, 19 (1980).

(259) T. P. Henning, H. S. White, and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 6. Polymers Produced by Incorporation of Tetrathiafulvalenium in a Polyelectrolyte (Nafion) Matrix," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103 3937 (1981).

(260) I. Rubenstein and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. V. Electrochemistry and Chemiluminescence at Nafion-Coated Electrodes," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 5007 (1981).

(261) F.-R. Fan, B. L. Wheeler, A. J. Bard and R. Noufi, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 39. Techniques for Stabilization of n-Silicon Electrodes in Aqueous Solution Photoelectrochemical Cells," J. Electrochem. Soc., 128, 2042 (1981).

(262) D. S. Miller, A. J. Bard, G. McLendon and J. Ferguson, "
Catalytic Water Reduction at Colloidal Metal Microelectrodes. 2. Theory and Experiment," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 536 (1981).

(263) G. Nagasubramanian, A. S. Gioda and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 37. Photoelectrochemical Behavior of p-Type Cu20 in Acetonitrile Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 128, 2158 (1981).

(264) F. DiQuarto and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 38. Photoelectrochemical Behavior of n-Type and p-Type GaAs Electrodes in Tetrahydrofuran Solutions," J. Electroanal. Chem., 127, 43 (1981).

(265) W. W. Dunn, Y. Aikawa, and A. J. Bard, "
Heterogeneous Photosynthetic Production of Amino Acids at Pt/TiO2 Suspensions by Near Ultraviolet Light," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 103, 6893 (1981).

(266) H. D. Abruna and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 40. Photoassisted Hydrogen Evolution at Poly(benzyl viologen)-Coated p-Type Silicon Electrodes," J. Am. Chem. Soc.. 103, 6898 (1981).

(267) W. W. Dunn and A. J. Bard, "
The Characterization and Behavior of Catalysts Prepared by Heterogeneous Photodeposition Techniques," Nouv. J. Chim., 5, 651 (1981).

(268) Y. D. Chen, K.S.V. Santhanam, and A. J. Bard, "
Solution Redox Couples for Electrochemical Energy Storage. II. Cobalt(III)-Cobalt(II) Complexes with o-Phenanthroline and Related Ligands," J. Electrochem. Soc., 129, 61 (1982).

(269) A. J. Bard, "
The Design of Semiconductor Photoelectrochemical Systems for Solar Energy Conversion," J. Phys. Chem., 86, 172 (1982).

(270) H. S. White, H. D. Abruna and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XLI. Improvement of Performance of n-WSe2 Electrodes by Electrochemical Polymerization of o-Phenylenediamine at Surface Imperfections," J. Electrochem. Soc., 129, 265 (1982).

(271) L. A. Tinker and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry in Liquid Sulfur Dioxide. II. Oxidation of Thianthrene in the Presence of Water and Anisole," J. Electroanal. Chem., 133, 275 (1982).

(272) H. D. Abruna and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 40. A Chemiluminescent Polymer Based on the Tris(4-vinyl-4' -methyl-2,2' -bipyridyl) ruthenium(II) System," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 104, 2641 (1982).

(273) R. A. Bull, F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 7. Electrochemical Behavior at Polypyrrole-Coated Platinum and Tantalum Electrodes," J. Electrochem. Soc., 129, 1009 (1982).

(274) P. Leempoel, M. Castro-Acuna, F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 43. The Effect of Light Intensity and Iodine Doping on the Stabilization of n-Silicon by Phthalocyanine Films," J. Phys. Chem., 86, 1396 (1982).

(275) H. D. Abruna and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 44. Photoelectrochemistry of Polycrystalline p-Type WSe2 Films," J. Electrochem. Soc., 129, 673 (1982).

(276) F.-R. F. Fan, G. A. Hope and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 46. Stabilization of n-Silicon Electrodes in Aqueous Solution Photoelectrochemical Cells by Formation of Platinum Silicide Layers," J. Electrochem. Soc., 129, 1647 (1982).

(277) G. Nagasubramanian, B. Wheeler, F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. XLII. Evidence for Fermi Level Pinning from Shifts in the Flatband Potential of p-type Silicon in Acetonitrile Solutions with Different Redox Couples," J. Electrochem. Soc., 129, 1742 (1982).

(278) F. A. Uribe and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry in Liquid Ammonia. V. Electroreduction of Oxygen," Inorganic Chemistry, 21, 3160 (1982).

(279) H. S. White, J. Leddy, and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 8. Investigation of Charge-Transport Mechanisms in Nafion Polymer Modified Electrodes," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 104, 4811 (1982).

(280) C. R. Martin, I. Rubinstein, and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 9. Electron and Mass Transfer in Nafion Films Containing Ru(bpy)32+ ," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 104, 4817 (1982).

(281) M. D. Ward and A. J. Bard, "
Photocurrent Enhancement via Trapping of Photogenerated Electrons of TiO2 Particles," J. Phys. Chem., 86, 3599-3605 (1982).

(282) H. D. Abruña, G. A. Hope, and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes XLV.  Photochemistry of n- and p- Type MoTe2 in Aqueous Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 129, 2224-2228 (1982).

(283) T. P. Henning, H. S. White, and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 10. Electrochemical Behavior of Solution Species at Nafion-Tetrathiafulvalenium Bromide Polymers," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 104, 5862-5868 (1982).

(284) J. G. Gaudiello, P. R. Sharp and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry in Liquid Sulfur Dioxide. 3. The Electrochemical Production of New Highly Oxidized 2,2'-Bipyridine Complexes of Ruthenium and Iron," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 104, 6367-6377 (1982).

(285) H. S. White and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 41. ECL and CL of Ru (2,2'-bipyridine)32+ - Peroxydisulfate System in Acetonitrile-Water Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 104, 6891 (1982).

(286) M. D. Ward, J. R. White, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical Investigation of the Energetics of Particulate Titanium Dioxide Photocatalysts.  The Methyl Viologen-Acetate System," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 105, 27 (1983).

(287) F.-R. F. Fan, R. G. Keil and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 48. Photooxidation of Halides and Water on n-Silicon Protected with Silicide Layers," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 105, 220 (1983).

(288) G. Nagasubramanian, B. L. Wheeler, G. A. Hope, and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 47. A-C Impedance Technique for Evaluating Surface State Properties of n-MoTein Acetonitrile Solutions Containing Various Redox Couples," J. Electrochem. Soc., 130, 385 (1983).

(289) T. P. Henning and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes 11. Electrochemical Behavior of Polymer Electrodes Produced by Incorporation of Tetrathiafulvalenium in a Polyelectrolyte (Nafion) Matrix," J. Electrochem. Soc., 130, 613 (1983).

(290) J. Gonzales-Velasco, I. Rubinstein, R. J. Crutchley, A. P. B. Lever and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 42. Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of the Tris(2,2'-bipyrazine)ruthenium(II) System," Inorg. Chem., 22, 822 (1983).

(291) A. J. Bard, "
Chemical Modification of Electrodes," J. Chem. Ed., 60, #4, 302 (1983).

(292) H. Yoneyama, Y. Takao, H. Tamura, and A. J. Bard, "
Factors Influencing Product Distribution in Photocatalytic Decomposition of Aqueous Acetic Acid on Platinized TiO2", J. Phys. Chem., 87, 1417 (1983).

(293) G. A. Hope and A. J. Bard, "
Platinum/Titanium Dioxide (Rutile) Interface.  Formation of Ohmic and Rectifying Junctions," J. Phys. Chem., 87, 1979 (1983).

(294) F. A. Uribe, T. Sawada, and A. J. Bard, "
Photoelectron Emission from a Platinum Electrode into Liquid Ammonia Solutions," Chem. Phys. Lett. , 97, #2, 243 (1983).

(295) G. A. Hope, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 52. Photoelectron Spectroscopic Determination of the Structure of Thin Platinum Silicide Layers Formed on Si(100) and Si(111) for Use as Electrodes," J. Electrochem. Soc., 130, 1488 (1983).

(296) R. A. Bull, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 13. Incorporation of Catalysts into Electronically Conductive Polymers: Iron Phthalocyanine in Polypyrrole," J. Electrochem. Soc., 130, 1636 (1983).  See also ibid, 131, 687 (1984).

(297) I. Rubinstein, C. R. Martin, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Determination of Oxalate," Anal. Chem., 55, 1580 (1983).

(298) G. Nagasubramanian, B. L. Wheeler, and A J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes 49. Evidence for Fermi Level Pinning and Surface-State Distributions from Impedance Measurements in Acetonitrile Solutions with Various Redox Couples," J. Electrochem. Soc., 130, 1680 (1983).

(299) P. Leempoel, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes 50. Effect of Mode of Illumination and Doping on Photochemical Behavior of Phthalocyanine Films," J. Phys. Chem., 87, 2948 (1983).

(300) P. K. Ghosh and A. J. Bard, "
Clay Modified Electrodes," J. Am. Chem. Soc., Comm Ed, 105, 5691 (1983).

(301) C. R. Martin, I. Rubinstein, and A. J. Bard, "
The Heterogeneous Rate Constant for the Ru(bpy)33+/2+ Couple at a Glassy Carbon Electrode in Aqueous Solution," J. Electroanal. Chem., 151, 267 (1983).

(302) F. A. Uribe, P. R. Sharp, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry in Liquid Ammonia. 6. Reduction of Carbon Monoxide," J. Electroanal. Chem., 152, 173 (1983).

(303) F.-R. F. Fan, P. Leempoel, and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 51. Efficient Electroluminescence at ZnS Electrodes in Aqueous Electrolytes," J. Electrochem. Soc., 130, 1866 (1983).

(304) P. R. Sharp and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry in Liquid Sulfur Dioxide. 4. Electrochemical Production of Highly Oxidized Forms of Ferrocene, Decamethylferrocene, and Iron Bis(tris(1-pyrazolyl)borate)," Inorg. Chem., 22, 2689 (1983).

(305) J. Leddy and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 12. Chronoamperometric and Rotating Disk Electrode Determination of the Mechanism of Mass Transport through Poly(vinylferrocene) Films," J. Electroanal. Chem., 153, 223 (1983).

(306) T. Sawada and A. J. Bard, "
Laser-Piezoelectric-Photoacoustic Observation of the Electrode Surface," J. Photoacoustics, 1(3), 317 (1983).

(307) M. Krishnan, J. R. White, M. A. Fox and A. J. Bard, "
Integrated Chemical Systems: Photocatalysis at Semiconductors Incorporated into Polymer (Nafion)/Mediator Systems," J. Am. Chem. Soc., Comm Ed, 105, 7002 (1983).

(308) W. G. Becker and A. J. Bard, "
Photoluminescence and Photoinduced Oxygen Adsorption of Colloidal Zinc Sulfide Dispersions," J. Phys. Chem., 87, 4888 (1983).

(309) T. Teherani and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry in Liquid Ammonia. 7. Halonitrobenzenes," Acta Chemica Scandinavica, B37, 413 (1983).

(310) P. R. Sharp and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry in Liquid Sulfur Dioxide. 6. Electrochemical Production and Isolation of Tetrakis(pyridine N-oxide)copper(III) Hexafluorophosphate," Inorg. Chem., 22, 3462 (1983).

(311) J. G. Gaudiello, P. G. Bradley, K. A. Norton, W. H. Woodruff, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry in Liquid Sulfur Dioxide. 5. Oxidation of Bipyridine and Phenanthroline Complexes of Osmium, Ruthenium, and Iron," Inorg. Chem., 23, 3 (1984).

(312) F.-R. F. Fan, T. Varco Shea, and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 54. Effect of Redox Couple, Doping Level, and Metal Type on the Electrochemical and Photoelectrochemical Behavior of Silicide-Coated n-Type Silicon Photoelectrodes," J. Electrochem. Soc., 131, 828 (1984).

(313) H. S. White, W. G. Becker, and A. J. Bard, "
Photochemistry of the Tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) - Peroxydisulfate System in Aqueous and Mixed Acetonitrile-Water Solutions.  Evidence for a Long-Lived Photoexcited Ion Pair," J. Phys. Chem., 88, 1840 (1984).

(314) B. L. Wheeler, G. Nagasubramanian, and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 55. Differential Photocurrent Determination of Absorption Coefficient and Diffusion Length in p-GaP Photoelectrochemical Cells," J. Electrochem. Soc., 131, 1038 (1984).

(315) W. G. Becker, H. S. Seung, A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 43. Aromatic Hydrocarbon/Peroxydisulfate Systems in Acetonitrile-Benzene Solutions," J. Electroanal. Chem., 167, 127 (1984).

(316) A. J. Bard, "
Photoelectrochemistry and Solar Energy: Progress, Promise, and Problems," J. Electroanal. Chem., 168, 5 (1984).

(317) Y.-W. D. Chen and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical and Spectrophotometric Studies of Iron Complexes with a Pentaaza Macrocyclic Ligand," Inorg. Chem., 23, 2175 (1984)

(318) P. K. Ghosh and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 15. The Incorporation of Ru(bpy)32+ into Polymeric Films Generated by Electrochemical Polymerization of 2,2'-Bipyrazine(bpz) and Ru(bpz)32+," J. Electroanal. Chem., 169, 113 (1984).

(319) P. K. Ghosh, A. W.-H. Mau, and A. J. Bard, "
Clay-Modified Electrodes. 2. Electrocatalysis at Bis(2,2-bipyridyl)(4,4'-dicarboxy-2,2'-bipyridyl) Ru(II)-Dispersed Ruthenium Dioxide-Hectorite Layers," J. Electroanal. Chem., 169, 315 (1984).

(320) R. M. Crooks, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry in Near-Critical and Supercritical Fluids. 1. Ammonia," J. Am. Chem. Soc., Comm Ed, 106, 6851 (1984).

(321) A. W.-H. Mau, C. B. Huang, N. Kakuta, and A. J. Bard, "
H2 Photoproduction by Nafion/CdS/Pt Films in H2O/S2- Solutions," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 106, 6537 (1984).

(322) B. L. Wheeler, G. Nagasubramanian, and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 57. Differential Photocurrent and Second Harmonic Techniques for in situ Monitoring of Surface States on n-MoSe2 in Aqueous Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 131, 2289 (1984).

(323) P. K. Ghosh and A. J. Bard, "
Photochemistry of Tris(2,2'-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) in Colloidal Clay Suspensions," J. Phys. Chem., 88, 5519 (1984).

(324) D. Ege, W. G. Becker, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Determination of Ru(bpy)32 at Low Levels," Anal. Chem., 56, 2413 (1984).

(325) B. L. Wheeler, G. Nagasubramanian, A. J. Bard, L. A. Schechtman, D. R. Dininny, and M. E. Kenney, "
A Silicon Phthalocyanine and a Silicon Naphthalocyanine: Synthesis, Electrochemistry, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 106, 7404 (1984).

(326) M. Krishnan, X. Zhang, and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 14. Spectral Sensitization of n-Type SnO2 and Voltammetry at Electrodes Modified with Nafion Films Containing Ru(bpy)32+," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 106, 7371 (1984).

(327) K. Kakuta, J. M. White, A. Campion, A. J. Bard, M. A. Fox, and S. E. Webber, "
Surface Analysis of Semiconductor-Incorporated Polymer Systems. 1. Nafion and CdS-Nafion," J. Phys. Chem., 89, 48 (1985).

(328) C. M. Carlin, L. J. Kepley, and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 16.  In Situ Ellipsometric Measurements of Polybipyrizine, Polyaniline, and Polyvinylferrocene Films," J. Electrochem. Soc., 132, 353 (1985).

(329) J. G. Gaudiello, T. C. Wright, R. A. Jones, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical Reduction and Reoxidation Accompanied by Reversible Geometric Isomerization.  Electrochemistry of [Rh(µ-t-Bu2P)(CO)2]2. Isolation and X-ray Crystal Structure of [N(n-Bu)4]2+[Rh(µ-t-Bu2P)(CO)2]2," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 107, 888 (1985).

(330) J . R. White, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 56. Principles of Multijunction Electrodes and Photoelectrosynthesis at Texas Instruments' p/n-Si Solar Arrays," J. Electrochem. Soc., 132, 544-550 (1985).

(331) K. Kakuta, K. H. Park, M. F. Finlayson, A. Ueno, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "
Photoassisted Hydrogen Production Using Visible Light and Coprecipitated ZnS.CdS without a Noble Metal," J. Phys. Chem., 89, 732 (1985).

(332) F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
Semiconductor Electrodes. 58. The Effect of Temperature on Photo- and Electroluminescence in Al-doped Self-activated ZnS Crystals," J. Phys. Chem., 89, 1232 (1985).

(333) J. R. White and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemical Investigation of Photocatalysis at CdS Suspensions in the Presence of Methylviologen," J. Phys. Chem., 89, 1947 (1985).

(334) F.-R. F. Fan, A. Mau, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 45. A Chemiluminescent Polymer Based on Poly(vinyl-9,10-diphenylanthracene)," Chem. Phys. Lett., 116, 400 (1985).

(335) J. G. Gaudiello, P. K. Ghosh, and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 17. The Application of Simultaneous Electrochemical and Electron Spin Resonance Techniques for the Study of Two Viologen-Based Chemically Modified Electrodes," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 107, 3027 (1985).

(336) X. Zhang, J. Leddy, and A. J. Bard, "
Dependence of Rate Constants of Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Reactions on Viscosity," J. Am. Chem. Soc., Comm. Ed., 107, 3719 (1985).

(337) J. Leddy, A. J. Bard, J. T. Maloy, J. M. Saveant, "
Kinetics of Film-Coated Electrodes. Effect of a Finite Mass Transfer Rate of Substrate Across the Film-Solution Interface at Steady-State," J. Electroanal. Chem., 187, 205 (1985).

(338) J. Leddy and A. J. Bard, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 18. Determination of Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Kinetics at Poly(vinylferrocene) and Nafion/Ru(bpy)32+ Polymer-Modified Electrodes by Convolution Voltammetry," J. Electroanal. Chem., 189, 203 (1985).

(339) A. J. Bard, A. H. Cowley, J. K. Leland, G. J. N. Thomas, N. C. Norman, P. Jutzi, C. P. Morley and E. Schluter, "
Synthesis, Structures, and Reactivities of Some Pentamethylcyclopentadienyl-Sulphur Compounds," J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 1303 (1985).

(340) A. Ueno, N. Kakuta, K. H. Park, M. F. Finlayson, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "
Silica-Supported ZnS.CdS Mixed Semiconductor Catalysts for Photogeneration of Hydrogen," J. Phys. Chem., 89, 3828 (1985).

(341) D. Ege, P. K. Ghosh, J. M. White, J.-F. Equey, and A. J. Bard, "
Clay Modified Electrodes. 3. Electrochemical and Electron Spin Resonance Studies of Hectorite and Montmorillonite Layers," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 107, 5644 (1985).

(342) F.-R. F. Fan, H.-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard, "
Integrated Chemical Systems: Photocatalysis at TiO2 Incorporated into Nafion and Clay," J. Phys. Chem., 89, 4418 (1985).

(343) E. Garcia and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry in Liquid SO2. 7. Photohole Emission from a Platinum Electrode," Chem. Phys. Lett., 120, 437 (1985).

(344) N. Kakuta, J. M. White, A. Campion, A. J. Bard, M. A. Fox, S. E. Webber, and M. Finlayson, "
Surface Spectroscopy of Platinum-Cadmium Sulfide-Perfluorosulfonate Polymer Systems," ACS Symposium Series No. 288 (1985).

(345) A. E. Kaifer and A. J. Bard, "
Micellar Effects on the Reductive Electrochemistry of Methyl Viologen," J. Phys. Chem., 89, 4876 (1985).

(346) J. Kim, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard, C.-M. Che, and H. B. Gray, "Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 46. On the Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence (ECL) of Tetrakis(pyrophosphito)diplatinate(II), [Pt
2(P2O5H2)44-]." Chem. Phys. Letts., 121, 543 (1985).

(347) H.-Y. Liu, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemical Behavior of Thin Platinum(111) Films Deposited on Mica Surfaces,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 132, 2666 (1985).

(348) N. Kakuta, K.-H. Park. M. F. Finlayson, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Surface Analysis of Polymer Systems. 3. ZnS.CdS/Nafion,"
J. Phys. Chem., 89, 5028 (1985).

(349) N. Chandra, B. L. Wheeler, and A. J. Bard, "Semiconductor Electrodes. 59. Photocurrent Efficiencies at p-InP Electrodes in Aqueous Solutions,"
J. Phys. Chem., 89, 5037 (1985).

(350) O. Enea and A. J. Bard, "pH Effects on the Energetics of Irradiated TiO
2 Suspensions in Aqueous D-Glucose," Nouv. J. Chimie, 9, 693 (1985).

(351) D. W. DeWulf and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemical Determination of Hydrogen Transport Through Copper,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 132, 2965 (1985).

(352) K. Itaya and A. J. Bard, "Clay-Modified Electrodes. 5. Preparation and Electrochemical Characterization of Pillared Clay-Modified Electrodes and Membranes,"
J. Phys. Chem., 89, 5565 (1985).

(353) M. F. Finlayson, B. L. Wheeler, N. Kakuta, K.-H. Park, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Determination of Flat-Band Position of CdS Crystals, Films, and Powders by Photocurrent and Impedance Techniques.  Photoredox Reaction Mediated by Intragap States,"
J. Phys. Chem., 89, 5676 (1985).

(354) N. Kakuta, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Surface Analysis of Semiconductor-Incorporated Polymer Systems. 2. Pt-Nafion and Pt-CdS-Nafion,"
Surf. and Interface Analysis, 7, 295 (1985).

(355) J. R. White and A. J. Bard, "Clay Modified Electrodes. 4. The Electrochemistry and Electron Spin Resonance of Methyl Viologen Incorporated into Monmorillonite Films,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 197, 233 (1986).

(356) A. C. McDonald, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry in Near-Critical and Supercritical Fluids. 2. Water. Experimental Techniques and the Copper(II) System,"
J. Phys. Chem. 90, 196 (1986).

(357) O. Enea and A. J. Bard, "Photoredox Reactions at Semiconductor Particles Incorporated into Clays. CdS and ZnS + CdS Mixtures in Colloidal Montmorillonite Suspensions,"
J. Phys. Chem., 90, 301 (1986).

(358) F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "Polymer Films on Electrodes. 19. Electrochemical Behavior at Polypyrrole-Nafion and Polypyrrole-Clay Thin Films on Glassy Carbon Electrodes,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 133, 301 (1986).

(359) B. L. Wheeler, J. K. Leland, and A. J. Bard, "Semiconductor Electrodes. 60. Photoelectrochemistry of p-ReS
2 and p-ReSe2 in Aqueous Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 133, 358 (1986).

(360) A. E. Kaifer and A. J. Bard, "Polymer Films on Electrodes. 20. An ESR Study of Several Spin Probes Incorporated into Nafion,"
J. Phys.  Chem., 90, 868 (1986).

(361) W. E. Rudzinski and A. J. Bard, "Clay Modified Electrodes. 6. Aluminum and Silicon Pillared Clay-Modified Electrodes,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 199, 323 (1986).

(362) R. Moulton, T. W. Weidman, K. P. C. Vollhardt, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry of Carbonyl(fulvalene)dimetal Complexes (M
2 = Cr2, Mo2, W2, Ru2, Mo-Ru) in Aprotic Media," Inorg. Chem., 25, 1846 (1986).

(363) R. Debestani, X. Wang, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, S. E. Webber, J. M. White, "Photoinduced Oxidation of Bromide to Bromine on Irradiated Platinized TiO
2 Powders and Platinized TiO2 Particles Supported in Nafion Films," J. Phys. Chem., 90, 2729 (1986).

(364) H.-Y. Liu, F.-R. F. Fan, C. W. Lin and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical and Tunneling Ultramicroelectrode Microscope for High-Resolution Examination of Electrode Surfaces in Solution,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., Comm. Ed., 108, 3838 (1986).

(365) J. Ouyang, T. C. Zietlow, M. D. Hopkins, F.-R. F. Fan, H. B. Gray, and A. J. Bard, "Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 47. Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Mo
2Cl4(PMe3)4," J. Phys. Chem., 90, 3841 (1986).

(366) W. M. Flarsheim, Y.-M. Tsou, I. Trachtenberg, K. P. Johnston, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry in Near-Critical and Supercritical Fluids. 3. Studies of Br
-, I-, and Hydroquinone in Aqueous Solutions," J. Phys. Chem., 90, 3857 (1986).

(367) A. J. Bard, J. A. Crayston, G. P. Kittlesen, T. Varco Shea, M. S. Wrighton, "Digital Simulation of the Measured Electrochemical Response of Reversible Redox Couples at Microelectrode Arrays: Consequences Arising from Closely Spaced Ultramicroelectrodes,"
Anal. Chem., 58, 2321 (1986).

(368) E. Smotkin, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, J. M. White, "Bipolar TiO
2/Pt Semiconductor Photoelectrodes and Multielectrode Arrays for Unassisted Photolytic Water Splitting," J. Phys. Chem., 90, 4604 (1986).

(369) E. Garcia, A. H. Cowley, and A. J. Bard, "'Quarternary Ammonium Amalgams' as Zintl Ion Salts and Their Use in the Synthesis of Novel Quarternary Ammonium Salts,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., Comm. Ed., 108, 6082 (1986).

(370) E. Endoh, J. K. Leland, A. J. Bard, "Heterogeneous Photoreduction of Nitrogen to Ammonia on Tungsten Oxide,"
J. Phys. Chem., 90, 6223 (1986).

(371) R. D. Moulton, A. J. Bard, and J. M. Williams, "Polymer Films on Electrodes. 21. Electrochemical Behavior of Tetramethyltetraselenefulvalene Incorporated into a Nafion-coated Electrode,"
Proc. Indian Acad. Sci., 97, 349 (1986).

(372) E. S. Smotkin, S. Cervera-March, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox,  T. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Bipolar CdSe/CoS Semiconductor Photoelectrode Arrays for Unassisted Photolytic Water Splitting,"
J. Phys. Chem., 91, 6 (1987).

(373) N. Chandra, J. K. Leland, and A. J. Bard, "Semiconductor Electrodes. 61. Photoelectrochemistry of n-ZrS
2 in Aqueous Solutions," J. Electrochem. Soc., 134, 76 (1987).

(374) D. W. DeWulf, J. K. Leland, B. L. Wheeler, A. J. Bard, D.A. Batzel, D. R. Dininny, M. E. Kenney, "Isolation, Spectroscopic Properties, and Electrochemical Properties of Two Oligomeric Silicon Phthalocyanines,"
Inorg. Chem., 26, 266 (1987).

(375) R. M. Crooks and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry in Near-Critical and Supercritical Fluids. 4. Nitrogen Heterocycles, Nitrobenzene, and Solvated Electrons in Ammonia at Temperatures to 150° C,"
J. Phys. Chem., 91, 1274 (1987).

(376) A. J. Bard, A. H. Cowley, J. E. Kilduff, J. K. Leland, N. C. Norman and M. Pakulski, "Oxidation and Reduction of Phosphorus-Phosphorus and Arsenic-Arsenic Double Bonds. An Electrochemical Study of Two Diphosphenes and a Diarsene,"
J. Chem. Soc. Dalton Trans., 249, (1987).

(377) A. E. Kaifer and A. J. Bard, "Effects of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate at Concentrations near the Critical Micelle Concentration on the First Cyclic Voltammetric Wave of Methylviologen,"
J. Phys. Chem., 91, 2006 (1987).

(378) X. Zhang, H. Yang, and A. J. Bard, "Variation of the Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Rate Constant with Solution Viscosity: Reduction of Aqueous Solutions of Cr
III(EDTA)- at a Mercury Electrode," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 1916 (1987).

(379) C. W. Lin, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard, "High Resolution Photoelectrochemical Etching of n-GaAs with the Scanning Electrochemical and Tunneling Microscope,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., ABC, 134, 1038 (1987).

(380) J. M. Davis, F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "Retention by Electrical Field-Flow Fractionation of Anions in a New Apparatus with Annular Porous Glass Channels,"
Anal. Chem., 59, 1339 (1987).

(381) J. Ouyang and A. J. Bard, "Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 49. Emission from Acetonitrile Solutions Containing No Added Luminescors,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 222, 331 (1987).

(382) E. Endoh and A. J. Bard, "Heterogeneous Photoreduction of Nitrogen to Ammonia on Metal-Loaded TiO
2 Powders," Nouv. J. Chimie, 11, 217 (1987).

(383) A. Sobczynski, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Photoassisted Hydrogen Generation: Pt and CdS Supported on Separate Particles,"
J. Phys. Chem., 91, 3316 (1987).

(384) J. Ouyang and A. J. Bard, "Inverse Photoemission Spectroscopy at the Pt/Acetonitrile Interface with Several Redox Couples,"
J. Phys. Chem., 91, 4058 (1987).

(385) M. T. Carter and A. J. Bard, "Clay Modified Electrodes. 7. The Electrochemical Behavior of Tetrathiafulvalenium-Montmorillonite Modified Electrodes,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 229, 191 (1987).

(386) B. A. Gregg, M. A. Fox, and A. J. Bard, "Porphyrin Octaesters: New Discotic Liquid Crystals,"
J. Chem. Soc., Chem. Comm., 15, 1134 (1987).

(387) T. Varco Shea and A. J. Bard, "Digital Simulation of Homogeneous Chemical Reactions Coupled to Heterogeneous Electron Transfer and Applications at Platinum/Mica/Platinum Ultramicroband Electrodes,"
Anal. Chem., 59, 2101 (1987).

(388) J. K. Leland and A. J. Bard, "Preparation and Electronic Properties of Monolayer Tungsten Oxide on Silica Particles,"
Chem. Phys. Lett., 139, 453 (1987).

(389) J. K. Leland and A. J. Bard, "Photochemistry of Colloidal Semiconducting Iron Oxide Polymorphs,"
J. Phys. Chem., 91, 5076 (1987).

(390) J. K. Leland and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemical Investigation of the Electron-Transfer Kinetics and Energetics of Illuminated Tungsten Oxide Colloids,"
J. Phys. Chem., 91, 5083 (1987).

(391) C. M. Castro-Acuña, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "Clay Modified Electrodes. 8. Electrochemical Behavior at Montmorillonite and Polypyrrole-Montmorillonite Films on Platinum and Glassy Carbon Electrodes,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 234, 347 (1987).

(392) F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "Ultrathin Layer Cell for Electrochemical and Electron Transfer Measurements,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 6262 (1987).

(393) L. Persaud, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "A New Method for Depositing Platinum Exclusively on the Internal Surface of Zeolite L,"
Inorg. Chem., 26, 3825 (1987).

(394) L. Persaud, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Photochemical Hydrogen Evolution via Singlet-State Electron-Transfer Quenching of Zinc Tetra(N-methyl-4-pyridyl)porphyrin Cations in a Zeolite L Based System,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 7309 (1987).

(395) M. T. Carter and A. J. Bard, "Voltammetric Studies of the Interaction of Tris(1,10-phenanthroline)cobalt(III) with DNA,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 109, 7528 (1987).

(396) J. M. Davis, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "Currents in Thin Layer Electrochemical Cells with Spherical and Conical Electrodes,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 238, 9 (1987).

(397) R. Brina and A. J. Bard, "Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 48. Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Bis(2,4,6-Trichlorophenyl) Oxalated-Luminescer Systems,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 238, 277 (1987).

(398) C.-W. Lee and A. J. Bard, "Comparative Electrochemical Studies of N-Methyl-N'-Hexadecyl Viologen Monomolecular Films Formed by Irreversible Adsorption and the Langmuir-Blodgett Method,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 239, 441 (1988).

(399) J. Ouyang and A. J. Bard, "Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 50. Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Micelle Solubilized Os(bpy)
32+," Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn., 61, 17 (1988).

(400) R. M. Crooks and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry in Near-Critical and Supercritical Fluids. 5. The Dimerization of Quinoline and Acridine Radical Anions and Dianions in Ammonia from -70° C to 150° C,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 240, 253 (1988).

(401) D. W. DeWulf and A. J. Bard, "The Electrochemical Reduction of CO
2 to CH4 and C2H4 at Cu/Nafion Electrodes (Solid Polymer Electrolyte Structures)," Catalysis Lett., 1, 73 (1988).

(402) R. D. Moulton and A. J. Bard, "A Directed Synthesis of Heterobimetallic Fulvalene Complexes Via Electrochemical Reduction of C
5-Substituted Ferrocenes," Organometallics, 7, 351 (1988).

(403) R. M. Crooks and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry in Near-Critical and Supercritical Fluids. 6. The Electrochemistry of Ferrocene and Phenazine in Acetonitrile Between 25 and 300° C,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 243, 117 (1988).

(404) S. Cervera-March, E. S. Smotkin, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Modeling of Bipolar Semiconductor Photoelectrode Arrays for Electrolytic Processes,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 135, 567 (1988).

(405) O. Lev, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "The Application of Scanning Tunneling Microscopy to
In Situ Studies of Nickel Electrodes Under Potential Control," J. Electrochem. Soc., ABC, 135, 783 (1988).

(406) D. H. Craston, C. W. Lin, and A. J. Bard, "High Resolution Deposition of Silver in Nafion Films with the Scanning Tunneling Microscope,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., ABC, 135, 785 (1988).

(407) M. F. Finlayson, K. H. Park, N. Kakuta, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Luminescence of Mixed ZnS CdS Semiconductor Catalysis in Nafion Polymer Films,"
J. Luminescence, 39, 205 (1988).

(408) R. Debestani, A. J. Bard,  A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Sensitization of Titanium Dioxide and Strontium Titanate Electrodes by Ruthenium(II) Tris(2,2'-bipyridine-4,4'-dicarboxylic acid) and Zinc Tetrakis(4-carboxyphenyl)porphyrin: An Evaluation of Sensitization Efficiency for Component Photoelectrodes in a Multipanel Device,"
J. Phys. Chem., 92, 1872 (1988).

(409) C.-W. Lee, J. Ouyang, and A. J. Bard, "Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 51. The Tris(2,2'-Bipyrazine)Osmium(II) System,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 244, 319 (1988).

(410) A. Sobczynski, A. Yildiz, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Tungsten Disulfide: A Novel Hydrogen Evolution Catalyst for Water Decomposition,"
J. Phys. Chem., 92, 2311 (1988).

(411) T. A. Albright, S.-K. Kang, A. M. Arif, A. J. Bard, R. A. Jones, J. K. Leland, and S. T. Schwab, "The Balance of Steric and Electronic Factors in Co
3 Cluster Geometry: Synthesis, Structure, Computations, and Electrochemistry of [Co(m-Cy2P)(CO)2]3 (Cy=Cyclohexyl)," Inorg. Chem., 27, 1246 (1988).

(412) F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopic Studies of Platinum Electrode Surfaces,"
Anal. Chem., 60, 751 (1988).

(413) C.-W. Lee and A. J. Bard, "Electrode Surfaces Probed by Direct Adhesive Force Measurements,"
J. Electrochem. Soc, 135, 1599 (1988).

(414) L. J. Kepley and A. J. Bard, "Ellipsometric, Electrochemical, and Elemental Characterization of the Surface Phase Produced on Glassy Carbon Electrodes by Electrochemical Activation,"
Anal. Chem., 60, 1459 (1988).

(415) A. J. Bard, W. M. Flarsheim and K. P. Johnston, "High Pressure Electrochemical Oxidation of Benzene at a Lead Dioxide Electrode in Aqueous Bisulfate Solutions at 25° to 250° C,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 135, 1939 (1988).

(416) D. W. DeWulf and A. J. Bard, "Application of Nafion/Platinum Electrodes (Solid Polymer Electrolyte Structures) to Voltammetric Investigations of Highly Resistive Solutions,"
J. Electrochem. Soc. , 135, 1977 (1988).

(417) Y.-M. Tsou, H.-Y. Liu, and A. J. Bard, "Polymer Films on Electrodes. 22.  Electrochemical, Spectroscopic, and Transmission Electron Microscopic Studies of Morphological Changes in Films of Polymeric Surfactants,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 135, 1669 (1988).

(418) R. D. Moulton, D. J. Chandler, A. M. Arif, R. A. Jones, and A. J. Bard, "Synthesis and Electrochemistry of (CO)
2(PMe3)Fe(µ2-t-Bu2P)(µ2-CO)Rh(PMe3)L(Fe-Rh) (L = CO, PMe3).  Digital Simulation of Modified ECE Mechanism.  X-ray Crystal Structures of (CO)2(PMe3)Fe(µ2-t-Bu2P)(µ2-CO)Rh(PMe3)2 and [Me3PO.Na(15-crown-5)]+[(CO)3Fe(µ2-t-Bu2P)Rh(PMe3)-(CO)]-," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 110, 5714 (1988).

(419) A. J. Bard, E. D. Goldberg, and D. W. Spencer, "Modern Chemistry and Chemical Technology Applied to the Ocean and its Resources,"
Appl. Geochem., 3, 3 (1988).

(420) J. Ouyang and A. J. Bard, "Inverse Photoemission Spectroscopy at Metal/Acetonitrile Interface by Hole Injection through Solution Species,"
J. Phys. Chem., 92, 5201 (1988).

(421) A. A. Gewirth and A. J. Bard, "
In Situ Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of the Anodic Oxidation of Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite Surfaces," J. Phys. Chem., 92, 5563 (1988).

(422) X. Zhang and A. J. Bard, "Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Emission from an Organized (L-B) Monolayer of a Ru(bpy)
32+-Based Surfactant on Semiconductor and Metal Electrodes," J. Phys. Chem., 92, 5566 (1988).

(423) E. S. Smotkin, C. Lee, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk, S. E. Webber and J. M. White, "Size Quantization Effects in Cadmium Sulfide Layers Formed by a Langmuir-Blodgett Technique,"
Chem. Phys. Lett., 152, 265 (1988).

(424) E. Garcia, J. Kwak, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry in Liquid Sulfur Dioxide. 8. Oxidation of Iron, Ruthenium, and Osmium Bipyridine Complexes at Ultramicroelectrodes at Very Positive Potentials,"
Inorg. Chem., 27, 4377 (1988).

(425) O. E. Hüsser, D. H. Craston, and A. J. Bard, "High-resolution Deposition and Etching of Metals with a Scanning Electrochemical Microscope,"
J. Vac. Sci. Technol. B, 6, 1873 (1988).

(426) A. J. Bard, "Semiconductor Particles and Arrays for the Photoelectrochemical Utilization of Solar Energy,"
Ber. Bunsenges. Phys. Chem., 92, 1187 (1988).

(427) R. D. Moulton, A. J. Bard, and S. W. Feldberg, "Digital Simulations of Cyclic Voltammetry for the CE
q and CEqC2 Mechanisms," J. Electroanal. Chem., 256, 291 (1988).

(428) R. D. Moulton, R. Farid, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemical Reactions of Cyclopentadienes in Non-aqueous Media,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 256, 309 (1988).

(429) A. Sobczynski, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Catalytic Hydrogen Evolution Properties  of Nickel-Doped Tungsten Disulfide,"
J. Phys. Chem., 93, 401 (1989).

(430) A. J. Bard, F.-R. F. Fan, J. Kwak, and O. Lev, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 1. Introduction and Principles,"
Anal. Chem., 61, 132 (1989).

(431) F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
In Situ  Scanning Tunneling Microscopic Study of the Corrosion of Type 304L Stainless Steel in Aqueous Chloride Media," J. Electrochem. Soc., 136, 166 (1989).

(432) M. S. Friedrichs, R. A. Friesner, and A. J. Bard, "A New Approach to Electrochemical Simulations Based on Eigenvector-Eigenvalue Solutions of the Diffusion Equations. I. Potentiostatic Boundary Conditions,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 258, 243 (1989).

(433) A. Yildiz, A. Sobczynski, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Sensitized Polypyrrole-Coated Semiconducting Powders as Materials in Photosystems for Hydrogen Generation,"
Langmuir, 5, 148 (1989).

(434) C. R. Cabrera, E. Garcia, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry in Near-Critical and Supercritical Fluids. 7. SO
2," J. Electroanal. Chem., Note, 260, 457 (1989).

(435) Y.-M. Wuu, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "High Resolution Deposition of Polyaniline on Pt with the Scanning Electrochemical Microscope,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., ABC, 136, 885 (1989).

(436) B. A. Gregg, M. A. Fox, and A. J. Bard, "2,3,7,8,12,13,17,18-Octakis(-hydroxyethyl)porphyrin (Octaethanolporphyrin) and Its Liquid Crystalline Derivatives: Synthesis and Characterization,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111, 3024 (1989).

(437) C.-Y. Liu and A. J. Bard, "Effect of Excess Charge on Band Energetics (Optical Absorption Edge and Carrier Redox Potentials) in Small Semiconductor Particles,"
J. Phys. Chem., 93, 3232 (1989).

(438) J. Ouyang, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "Semiconductor Electrodes, 62. Photoluminescence and Electroluminescence from Manganese-Doped ZnS and CVD ZnS Electrodes,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 136, 1033 (1989).

(439) A. A. Gewirth, D. H. Craston, and A. J. Bard, "Fabrication and Characterization of Microtips for
In Situ Scanning Tunneling Microscopy," J. Electroanal. Chem., 261, 477 (1989).

(440) B. A. Gregg, M. A. Fox, and A. J. Bard, "Effects of Order on the Photophysical Properties of the Liquid Crystal Zinc Octakis(b-octoxyethyl)porphyrin,"
J. Phys. Chem., 93, 4227 (1989).

(441) W. M. Flarsheim, A. J. Bard, and K. P. Johnston, "Pronounced Pressure Effects on Reversible Electrode Reactions in Supercritical Water,"
J. Phys. Chem., 93, 4234 (1989).

(442) J. Kwak and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 2. Theory of the Feedback Mode,"
Anal. Chem., 61, 1221 (1989).

(443) D. DeWulf, T. Jin, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemical and Surface Studies of Carbon Dioxide Reduction to Methane and Ethylene at Copper Electrodes in Aqueous Solutions,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 136, 1686 (1989).

(444) R. Q. Bligh, R. Moulton, A. J. Bard, A. Piorko, and R. G. Sutherland, "Cyclic Voltammetry of Mono- and Diiron(II) Cyclopentadienyl Complexes of Thianthrene and Related Heterocycles,"
Inorg. Chem., 28, 2652 (1989).

(445) J. Kwak and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 4. Apparatus and Two-Dimensional Scans of Conductive and Insulating Substrates,"
Anal. Chem., 61, 1794 (1989).

(446) B. A. Gregg, M. A. Fox, and A. J. Bard, "Surfactant Porphyrins Linked to Ruthenium Oxide Microcolloids:  A Microheterogeneous Photoreactor,"
Tetrahedron, 45, 4707 (1989).

(447) C.-Y. Liu and A. J. Bard, "Irradiation-Induced Absorption Edge Shifts in Colloidal Particles of FeS
2 (Pyrite)," J. Phys. Chem., 93, 7047 (1989).

(448) D. Mandler and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy: The Application of the Feedback Mode for High Resolution Copper Etching,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 136, 3143 (1989).

(449) X. Zhang and A. J. Bard, "In-Trough Cyclic Voltammetric Studies of Langmuir-Blodgett Monolayers of a Surfactant Derivative of Ru(bpy)
32+ at an Indium-Tin Oxide Electrode," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111, 8098 (1989).

(450) F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
In Situ Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Polycrystalline Platinum Electrodes under Potential Control.  Copper Electrodeposition and Pyrrole Electropolymerization," J. Electrochem. Soc., 136, 3216 (1989).

(451) O. E. Hüsser, D. H. Craston, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy.  High-Resolution Deposition and Etching of Metals,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 136, 3222 (1989).

(452) C.-Y. Liu and A. J. Bard, "A Charge-Induced Absorption-Edge Shift in CdS Semiconductor Films,"
J. Phys. Chem., 93, 7749 (1989).

(453) M. T. Carter, M. Rodríguez, and A. J. Bard, "Voltammetric Studies of the Interaction of Metal Chelates with DNA. 2. Tris-Chelated Complexes of Cobalt(III) and Iron(II) with 1,10-Phenanthroline and 2,2'-Bipyridine,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 111, 8901 (1989).

(454) D. DeWulf and A. J. Bard, "The Diffusion of Ferricyanide through Perfluorinated Ionomer (Nafion) Membranes,"
J. Macromol. Sci.—Chem., A26(8), 1205 (1989).

(455) C. R. Cabrera and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry in Near-critical and Supercritical Fluids. Part 8. Methyl Viologen, Decamethylferrocene, Os(bpy)
32+ and Ferrocene in Acetonitrile and the Effect of Pressure on Diffusion Coefficients under Supercritical Conditions," J. Electroanal. Chem., 273, 147 (1989).

(456) J.-M. Zen, F.-R. F. Fan, G. Chen, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopic Imaging of CdS Q- Particles Prepared in Acetonitrile Solution,"
Langmuir, 5, 1355 (1989).

(457) C. Lee, J. Kwak, and A. J. Bard, "Polymer Films on Electrodes. XXIV. Ellipsometric Study of the Electrochemical Redox Processes of a Polypyrrole Film on a Platinum Electrode,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 136, 3720 (1989).

(458) S. Sato, A. Sobczynski, J. M. White, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk and S. E. Webber, "Photochemical Properties of Ultrathin TiO
2 Films Prepared by Chemical Vapor Deposition," J. Photochem. Photobiol., A, 50, 283 (1989).

(459) B. A. Gregg, M. A. Fox, and A. J. Bard, "Photovoltaic Effect in Symmetrical Cells of a Liquid Crystal Porphyrin,"
J. Phys. Chem., 94, 1586 (1990).

(460) C. Lee, J. Kwak, and A. J. Bard, "Application of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy to Biological Samples,"
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA, 87, 1740 (1990).

(461) M. Rodriguez, T. Kodadek, M. Torres, and A. J. Bard, "Cleavage of DNA by Electrochemically Activated Mn
III and FeIII Complexes of meso-Tetrakis(N-methyl-4-pyridiniumyl)porphine," Bioconjugate Chem., 1, 123 (1990).

(462) D. Mandler and A. J. Bard, "A New Approach to the High Resolution Electrodeposition of Metals via the Feedback Mode of the Scanning Electrochemical Microscope,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 137, 1079 (1990).

(463) A. Kudo, M. Steinberg, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Photoactivity of Ternary Lead-Group IVB Oxides for Hydrogen and Oxygen Evolution,"
Catal. Lett., 5, 61 (1990).

(464) G. Villemure and A. J. Bard, "Clay Modified Electrodes. 9. Electrochemical Studies of the Electroactive Fraction of Adsorbed Species in Reduced-charge and Preadsorbed Clay Films,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 282, 107 (1990).

(465) C. Lee, J. Kwak, L. J. Kepley, and A. J. Bard, "Polymer Films on Electrodes. 23. Ellipsometric Study of the Electrochemical Redox Processes of a Thionine Film on a Glassy Carbon Electrode,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 282, 239 (1990).

(466) T. C. Kavanaugh, M. S. Friedrichs, R. A. Friesner, and A. J. Bard, "A New Approach to Electrochemical Simulations Based on Eigenvalue-Eigenvector Solutions of the Diffusion Equation. Part II.  Cyclic Voltammetry and Heterogeneous Kinetics,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 283, 1 (1990).

(467) G. Villemure and A. J. Bard, "Clay Modified Electrodes. Part 10.  Studies of Clay-Adsorbed Ru(bpy)
2+3 Enantiomers by UV-Visible Spectroscopy and Cyclic Voltammetry," J. Electroanal. Chem., 283, 403 (1990).

(468) J. Kwak, C. Lee, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. V. A Study of the Conductivity of a Polypyrrole Film,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 137, 1481 (1990).

(469) F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of the n-TiO
2(001) Surface," J. Phys. Chem., 94, 3761 (1990).

(470) H. Chang and A. J. Bard, "Formation of Monolayer Pits of Controlled Nanometer Size on Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite by Gasification
Reactions As Studied by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 112, 4598 (1990).

(471) J.-M. Zen, G. Chen, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "Size Quantization of FeS
2 (Pyrite) Produced in a Polymer Matrix," Chem. Phys. Lett., 169, 23 (1990).

(472) C.-W. Lee and A. J. Bard, "Cyclic Voltammetry and Langmuir Film Isotherms of Mixed Monolayers of N-docosyl-N'-methyl Viologen with Arachidic Acid,"
Chem. Phys. Lett., 170, 57 (1990).

(473) D. Mandler and A. J. Bard, "High Resolution Etching of Semiconductors by the Feedback Mode of the Scanning Electrochemical Microscope,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 137, 2468 (1990).

(474) M. Carter and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemical Investigations of the Interaction of Metal Chelates with DNA. 3. Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Investigation of the Interaction of Tris-(1,10-phenanthroline)ruthenium(II) with DNA,"
Bioconjugate Chem., 1, 257 (1990).

(475) E. Garcia and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry in Liquid SO
2. IX.  Oxidation of n-Alkanes and Alkylammonium Ions at Pt Ultramicroelectrodes in Liquid SO2," J. Electrochem. Soc., 137, 2752 (1990).

(476) C. Lee and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy.  Application to Polymer and Thin Metal Oxide Films,"
Anal. Chem., 62, 1906 (1990).

(477) E. S. Smotkin, R. M. Brown, L. K. Rabenberg, K. Salomon, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Ultrasmall Particles of CdSe and CdS Formed in Nafion by an Ion-Dilution Technique,"
J. Phys. Chem., 94, 7543 (1990).

(478) D. Mandler and A. J. Bard, "Hole Injection and Etching Studies of GaAs Using the Scanning Electrochemical Microscope,"
Langmuir, 6, 1489 (1990).

(479) A. Kudo, M. Steinberg, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Reduction at 300 K of NO by CO over Supported Platinum Catalysts,"
J. Catal., 125, 565 (1990).

(480) C. Liu and A. J. Bard, "Irradiation-Induced Nanometer-Scale Surface Etching of a CdSe Film with a Scanning Tunneling Microscope,"
Chem. Phys. Lett., 174, 162 (1990).

(481) A. J. Bard, G. Denuault, C. Lee, D. Mandler, and D. O. Wipf, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy: A New Technique for the Characterization and Modification of Surfaces,"
Acc. Chem. Res., 23, 357 (1990).

(482) G. S. Rodman and A. J. Bard, "Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 52. Binuclear Iridium(I) Complexes,"
Inorg. Chem., 29, 4699 (1990).

(483) A. Kudo, M. Steinberg, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Photoelectrochemical Properties of Titanium Dioxide Electrodes Prepared from a Titanium-Aluminum Alloy,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 137, 3846 (1990).

(484) M. Rodriguez and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemical Studies of the Interaction of Metal Chelates with DNA. 4.  Voltammetric and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Studies of the Interaction of Tris(2,2'-bipyridine)osmium(II) with DNA,"
Anal. Chem., 62, 2658 (1990).

(485) C. Lee, C. J. Miller, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy: Preparation of Submicrometer Electrodes,"
Anal. Chem., 63, 78 (1991).

(486) Y. S. Obeng and Allen J. Bard, "Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 53. Electrochemistry and Emission from Adsorbed Monolayers of a Tris(bipyridyl)ruthenium(II)-Based Surfactant on Gold and Tin Oxide Electrodes,"
Langmuir, 7, 195 (1991).

(487) D. O. Wipf and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy VII.  Effect of Heterogeneous Electron-Transfer Rate at the Substrate on the Tip Feedback Current,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 138, 469 (1991).

(488) M. V. Mirkin and A. J. Bard, "Voltammetric Method for the Determination of Borohydride Concentration in Alkaline Aqueous Solutions,"
Anal. Chem., 63, 532 (1991).

(489) F.-R. Fan and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Tunneling Spectroscopy of n-type Iron Pyrite (n-FeS
2) Single Crystals," J. Phys. Chem., 95, 1969 (1991).

(490) A. J. Bard, R. Memming and B. Miller, "Terminology in Semiconductor Electrochemistry and Photoelectrochemical Energy Conversion (Recommendations 1991),"
Pure Appl. Chem., 63, 569 (1991).

(491) D. O. Wipf and Allen J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. X. High Resolution Imaging of Active Sites on an Electrode Surface,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 138, L4 (1991).

(492) G. Chen, J.-M. Zen, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemical Investigations of the Energetics of Irradiated FeS
2 (Pyrite) Particles," J. Phys. Chem., 95, 3682 (1991).

(493) H. Yang and A. J. Bard, "The Application of Rapid Scan Cyclic Voltammetry and Digital Simulation to the Study of the Mechanism of Diphenylamine Oxidation, Radical Cation Dimerization, and Polymerization in Acetonitrile,"
J. Electroanal. Chem. Interfacial. Electrochem., 306, 87 (1991).

(494) D. Mandler and A. J. Bard, "The Effect of Tin(II) Chloride Adsorption on the Electrochemical Oxidation of Tin(II) and Other Reactions at Gold and Platinum Electrodes,"
J. Electroanal. Chem. Interfacial. Electrochem., 307, 217 (1991).

(495) G. Denuault, M. V. Mirkin, and A. J. Bard, "Direct Determination of Diffusion Coefficients by Chronoamperometry at Microdisk Electrodes,"
J. Electroanal. Chem. Interfacial. Electrochem., 308, 27 (1991).

(496) C.-Y. Liu, H. Chang and A. J. Bard, "Large Scale Hexagonal Domain Like Structures Superimposed on the Atomic Corrugation of a Graphite Surface Observed by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy,"
Langmuir, 7, 1138 (1991).

(497) H. Chang and A. J. Bard, "Observation and Characterization by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Structures Generated by Cleaving Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite,"
Langmuir, 7, 1143 (1991).

(498) C. Jehoulet and A. J. Bard, "Über die electrochemische Oxidation von Cs
+ und anderen Alkalimetall-Ionen in flüssigen Schwefeldioxid und in Acetonitril," Angew. Chem., 103, 882 (1991).  Also "On the Electrochemical Oxidation of Cs+ and Other Alkali Metal Ions in Liquid Sulfur Dioxide and Acetonitrile," Angew. Chem. Intl. Ed. Eng., 30, 836 (1991).

(499) A. J. Bard, G. Denuault, R. A. Friesner, B. C. Dornblaser, L. S. Tuckerman, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy:  Theory and Application of the Transient (Chronoamperometric) SECM Response,"
Anal. Chem., 63, 1282 (1991).

(500) C. Jehoulet, A. J. Bard and F. Wudl, "Electrochemical Reduction and Oxidation of C
60 Films," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 113, 5456 (1991).

(501) H. Chang and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Studies of Carbon-Oxygen Reactions on Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 113, 5588 (1991).

(502) Y. S. Obeng and A. J. Bard, "Langmuir Films of C
60 at the Air-Water Interface," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 113, 6279 (1991).

(503) C. J. Miller and A. J. Bard, "Horizontal Touch Voltammetric Analysis—Determination of Insoluble Electroactive Species in Films at the Air/Water Interface,"
Anal. Chem., 63, 1707 (1991).

(504) P. R. Unwin and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 9. Theory and Application of the Feedback Mode to the Measurement of Following Chemical Reaction Rates in Electrode Processes,"
J. Phys. Chem., 95, 7814 (1991).

(505) A. J. Bard, F.-R. F. Fan, D. T. Pierce, P. R. Unwin, D. O. Wipf, and F. Zhou, "Chemical Imaging of Surfaces with the Scanning Electrochemical Microscope,"
Science, 254, 68 (1991).

(506) C. Lee, D. O. Wipf, A. J. Bard, K. Bartels, and A. Bovik, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 11. Improvement of Image Resolution by Digital Processing Techniques,"
Anal. Chem., 63, 2442 (1991).

(507) T. P. Moffat, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemical and Scanning Tunneling Microscopic Study of Dealloying of Cu
3Au," J. Electrochem. Soc., 138, 3224 (1991).

(508) C. J. Miller, P. McCord, and A. J. Bard, "Study of Langmuir Monolayers of Ruthenium Complexes and Their Aggregation by Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence,"
Langmuir, 7, 2781 (1991).

(509) P. McCord and A. J. Bard, "Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 54. Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Ruthenium(II) 4,7-Diphenyl-1,10-phenanthroline Systems in Aqueous and Acetonitrile Solutions,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 318, 91 (1991).

(510) R. L. McCarley and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Studies of Iodide Adsorption on Au(111): Direct Observation of Adlattice Orientation,"
J. Phys. Chem., 95, 9618 (1991).

(511) Y.-T. Kim, H. Yang, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemical Control of Polyaniline Morphology as Studied by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy," 
J. Electrochem. Soc., 138, L71 (1991).

(512) P. R. Unwin and A. J. Bard, "Ultramicroelectrode Voltammetry in a Drop of Solution: A New Approach to the Measurement of Adsorption Isotherms at the Solid-Liquid Interface,"
Anal. Chem., 64, 113 (1992).

(513) A. J. Bard, "New Challenges in Electrochemistry and Electroanalysis,"
Pure & Appl. Chem., 64, 185 (1992).

(514) Y. S. Obeng, A. Founta, and A. J. Bard, "Symmetrically Substituted Viologen Surfactant Films at the Air-Water Interface and Their Electrochemistry on Indium Tin Oxide Electrodes,"
New J. Chem., 16, 121 (1992).

(515) M. V. Mirkin and A. J. Bard, "Multidimensional Integral Equations. Part 1. A New Approach to Solving Microelectrode Diffusion Problems,"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 323, 1 (1992).

(516) M. V. Mirkin and A. J. Bard, "Multidimensional Integral Equations: A New Approach to Solving Microelectrode Diffusion Problems. Part 2. Applications to Microband Electrodes and the Scanning Electrochemical Microscope"
J. Electroanal. Chem., 323, 29 (1992).

(517) A. J. Bard, M. V. Mirkin, P. R. Unwin, and D. O. Wipf, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 12.  Theory and Experiment of the Feedback Mode with Finite Heterogeneous Electron-Transfer Kinetics and Arbitrary Substrate Size,"
J. Phys. Chem., 96, 1861 (1992).

(518) J. Sarathy, S. Shih, K. Jung, C. Tsai, K.-H. Li, D.-L. Kwong, J. C. Campbell, S.-L. Yau, and A. J. Bard, "Demonstration of Photoluminescence in Nonanodized Silicon,"
Appl. Phys. Lett., 60, 1532 (1992).

(519) M. Rodriguez and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemical Investigation of the Association of Distamycin A with the Manganese(III) Complex of
meso-Tetrakis(N-methyl-4-pyridiniumyl)porphine and the Interaction of This Complex with DNA," Inorg. Chem., 31, 1129 (1992).

(520) Y.-T. Kim and A. J. Bard, "Imaging and Etching of Self-Assembled
n-Octadecanethiol Layers on Gold with the Scanning Tunneling Microscope," Langmuir, 8, 1096 (1992).

(521) C. F. Hoener, K. A. Allan, A. J. Bard, A. Campion, M. A. Fox, T. E. Mallouk, S. E. Webber, and J. M. White, "Demonstration of a Shell-Core Structure in Layered CdSe-ZnSe Small Particles by X-ray Photoelectron and Auger Spectroscopies,"
J. Phys. Chem., 96, 3812 (1992).

(522) C. Jehoulet, Y. S. Obeng, Y.-T. Kim, F. Zhou, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry and Langmuir Trough Studies of C
60 and C70 Films," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 114, 4237 (1992).

(523) F. Zhou, S.-L. Yau, C. Jehoulet, D. A. Laude Jr., Z. Guan, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry of C
60 Films: Quartz Crystal Microbalance and Mass Spectrometric Studies," J. Phys. Chem., 96, 4160 (1992).

(524) F. Zhou, P. R. Unwin, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 16. Study of Second-Order Homogeneous Chemical Reactions via the Feedback and Generation/Collection Modes,"
J. Phys. Chem., 96, 4917 (1992).

(525) P. R. Unwin and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 14. Scanning Electrochemical Microscope Induced Desorption: A New Technique for the Measurement of Adsorption/Desorption Kinetics and Surface Diffusion Rates at the Solid/Liquid Interface,"
J. Phys. Chem., 96, 5035 (1992).

(526) D. O. Wipf and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 15. Improvements in Imaging via Tip-Position Modulation and Lock-in Detection,"
Anal. Chem., 64, 1362 (1992).

(527) P. McCord, S.-L. Yau, and A. J. Bard, "Chemiluminescence of Anodized and Etched Silicon: Evidence for a Luminescent Siloxene-Like Layer on Porous Silicon,"
Science, 257, 68 (1992).

(528) M. V. Mirkin, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "Direct Electrochemical Measurements Inside a 2000 Angstrom Thick Polymer Film by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy,"
Science, 257, 364 (1992).

(529) M. V. Mirkin, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Part 13.  Evaluation of the Tip Shapes of Nanometer Size Microelectrodes,"
J. Electroanal. Chem. Interfacial Electrochem., 328, 47 (1992).

(530) H. Yang, D. O. Wipf, and A. J. Bard, "Application of Rapid Scan Cyclic Voltammetry to a Study of the Oxidation and Dimerization of N,N-Dimethylaniline in Acetonitrile,"
J. Electroanal. Chem. Interfacial Electrochem., 331, 913 (1992).

(531) H. Yang, F.-R. F. Fan, S.-L. Yau, and A. J. Bard, "The Use of a Scanning Tunneling Microscope to Estimate Film Thickness and Conductivity of an Electrochemically Produced Poly-1-aminoanthracene Film,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 139, 2182 (1992).

(532) M. V. Mirkin, H. Yang, and A. J. Bard, "Borohydride Oxidation at a Gold Electrode,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 139, 2212 (1992).

(533) D. T. Pierce, P. R. Unwin, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 17.  Studies of Enzyme-Mediator Kinetics for Membrane- and Surface-Immobilized Glucose Oxidase,"
Anal. Chem., 64, 1795 (1992).

(534) R. L. McCarley and A. J. Bard, "Surface Reactions of Au(111) with Aqueous Cyanide Studied by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy,"
J. Phys. Chem., 96, 7410 (1992).

(535) Y. -T. Kim, R. L. McCarley, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopy Studies of Au(111) Derivatized with Organothiols,"
J. Phys. Chem., 96, 7416 (1992).

(536) M. V. Mirkin and A. J. Bard, "Simple Analysis of Quasi-Reversible Steady-State Voltammograms,"
Anal. Chem., 64, 2293 (1992).

(537) S.-L. Yau, T. P. Moffat, A. J. Bard, Z. Zhang, and M. M. Lerner, "STM of the (010) Surface of Orthorhombic Phosphorus,"
Chem. Phys. Lett., 198, 838 (1992).

(538) S. A. Hendricks, Y.-T. Kim, and A. J. Bard, "Imaging of the In Situ Deposition of Lead on Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite by Scanning Tunneling and Atomic Force Microscopies,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 139, 2818 (1992).

(539) S.-L. Yau, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "
In Situ  STM Imaging of Silicon(111) in HF under Potential Control," J. Electrochem. Soc., 139, 2825 (1992).

(540) J. B. Chlistunoff and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry in Liquid SO
2. 11.  Oxidation of Ni(bpy)32+ and Spectroscopy and Isolation of Products," Inorg. Chem., 31, 4582 (1992).

(541) C. Tsai, K.-H. Li, J.C. Campbell, M. F. Arendt, B. K. Hance, J. M. White, S.-L. Yau, and A. J. Bard, "Effects of Illumination During Anodization on Porous Silicon,"
J. Electronic Materials, 21, 995 (1992).

(542) T. P. Moffat, H. Yang, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "Electron Transfer Reactions on Passive Chromium,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 139, 3158 (1992).

(543) H. Yang and A. J. Bard, "Application of Fast Scan Cyclic Mechanistic Study of the Initial Stage of Electropolymerization of Aniline in Aqueous Solutions,"
J. Electroanal. Chem. Interfacial Electrochem., 339, 423 (1992).

(544) H. C. Yang, T. F. Magnera, C. Lee, A. J. Bard, and J. Michl, "Rigid-Rod Langmuir Blodgett Films from [n]Staffane-3-carboxylates,"
Langmuir, 8, 2740 (1992).

(545) Y. S. Obeng, M. E. Laing, A. C. Friedli, H. C. Yang, D. Wang, E. Thulstrup, A. J. Bard, and J. Michl, "Self-Assembled Monolayers of Parent and Derivatized [n]Staffane-3,3
(n-1)-Dithiols on Polycrystalline Gold Electrodes," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 114, 9943 (1992).

(546) M. V. Mirkin and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 18. Thin Layer Cell Formation with a Mercury Pool Substrate,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 139, 3535 (1992).

(547) R. L. McCarley, S. A. Hendricks, and A. J. Bard, "Controlled Nanofabrication of Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite with the Scanning Tunneling Microscope,"
J. Phys. Chem., 96, 10089 (1992).

(548) F. Zhou, C. Jehoulet, and A. J. Bard, "Reduction and Electrochemistry of C
60 in Liquid Ammonia," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 114, 11004 (1992).

(549) R. L. McCarley, Y.-T. Kim, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Quartz Crystal Microbalance Studies of Au Exposed to Sulfide, Thiocyanate, and n-Octadecanethiol,"
J. Phys. Chem., 97, 211 (1993).

(550) M. V. Mirkin, L. O. S. Bulhões, and A. J. Bard, "Determination of the Kinetic Parameters for the Electroreduction of C
60 by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy and Fast Scan Voltammetry," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 115, 201 (1993).

(551) L. O. S. Bulhões, Y. S. Obeng, and A. J. Bard, "Langmuir-Blodgett and Electrochemical Studies of Fullerene Films,"
Chem. Mater., 5, 110 (1993).

(552) F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "Photoassisted Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Tunneling Spectroscopy of n-Type Tungsten Diselenide (n-WSe
2) Single Crystals," J. Phys. Chem., 97, 1431 (1993).

(553) B. R. Horrocks, M. V. Mirkin, D. T. Pierce, A. J. Bard, G. Nagy, and K. Toth, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 19.  Ion-Selective Potentiometric Microscopy,"
Anal. Chem., 65, 1213 (1993).

(554) D. O. Wipf, A. J. Bard, and D. E. Tallman, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 21.  Constant Current Imaging with an Auto-Switching Controller,"
Anal. Chem., 65, 1373 (1993).

(555) A. J. Bard and T. E. Mallouk, "On Septum-Based Photoelectrochemical Cells,"
J. Phys. Chem., 97, 7127 (1993).

(556) A. J. Bard, H. D. Abruña, C. E. Chidsey, L. R. Faulkner, S. W. Feldberg, K. Itaya, M. Majda, O. Melroy, R. W. Murray, M. D. Porter, M. P. Soriaga, and H. S. White, "The Electrode/Electrolyte Interface—A Status Report,"
J. Phys. Chem., 97, 7147 (1993).

(557) M. V. Mirkin, T. C. Richards, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 20. Steady-State Measurements of the Fast Heterogeneous Kinetics in the Ferrocene/Acetonitrile System,"
J. Phys. Chem., 97, 7672 (1993).

(558) J. B. Chlistunoff and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry in Liquid SO
2. 12. Electrochemical and Pulse Radiolysis Studies on Oxidation of Zn(bpy)32+, Cd(bpy)32+, and 2,2'-Bipyridine," Inorg. Chem., 32, 3521 (1993).

(559) A. J. Bard, E. Garcia, S. Kukharenko, and V. V. Strelets, "Electrochemistry of Metallocenes at Very Negative and Very Positive Potentials.  Electrogeneration of 17-Electron Cp
2Co2+, Cp2Co2-, and Cp2Ni2- Species," Inorg. Chem., 32, (1993).

(560) C. Liu, H. Pan, M. A. Fox, and A. J. Bard, "High-Density Nanosecond Charge Trapping in Thin Films of the Photoconductor ZnODEP,"
Science, 261, 897 (1993).

(561) Y.-T. Kim, R. L. McCarley, and A. J. Bard, "Observation of n-Octadecanethiol Multilayer Formation from Solution onto Gold,"
Langmuir, 9, 1941 (1993).

(562) A. J. Bard and F.-R. Fan, "Studies of the Liquid/Solid Interface by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy,"
Faraday Discuss., 94, 1 (1992).  [Published in 1993.]

(563) M. A. Fox, A. J. Bard, H.-L. Pan, and C.-Y. Liu, "Functionalized Porphyrin Discotic Liquid Crystals: Photoinduced Charge Separation and Trapping,"
J. Chinese Chem. Soc., 40, 321 (1993).

(564) M. V. Mirkin, M. Arca, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 22. Examination of Thin Solid Films of AgBr: Ion Diffusion in the Film and Heterogeneous Kinetics at the Film/Solution Interface,"
J. Phys. Chem., 97, 10790 (1993).

(565) K. Toth, G. Nagy, B. R. Horrocks, and A. J. Bard, "Investigation of Silver Iodide-Based Ion-Selective Membranes by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy,"
Anal. Chim. Acta, 282, 239 (1993).

(566) D. T. Pierce and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 23. Reaction Localization of Artificially Patterned and Tissue-Bound Enzymes,"
Anal. Chem., 65, 3598 (1993).

(567) B. R. Horrocks, D. Schmidtke, A. Heller, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 24. Enzyme Ultramicroelectrodes for the Measurement of Hydrogen Peroxide at Surfaces,"
Anal. Chem., 65, 3605 (1993).

(568) F. Zhou and A. J. Bard, "Detection of the Electrohydrodimerization Intermediate Acrylonitrile Radical Anion by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 116, 393 (1994).

(569) F.-R.  Fan, M. V. Mirkin, and A. J. Bard, "Polymer Films on Electrodes.  25.  Effect of Polymer Resistance on the Electrochemistry of Poly(vinylferrocene):  Scanning Electrochemical Microscopic, Chronoamperometric, and Cyclic Voltammetric Studies,"
J. Phys. Chem., 98, 1475, (1994).

(570) S.-L. Yau, M. Arendt, A. J. Bard, B. Evans, C. Tsai, J. Sarathy, and J. C. Campbell, "Study of the Structure and Chemical Nature of Porous Si and Siloxene by STM, AFM, XPS, and LIMA,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 141, 402 (1994).

(571) T. C. Richards, A. J. Bard, A. Cusanelli, and D. Sutton, "Investigation of the Electrochemical Reduction of [Cp*Re(CO)
2(p-N2C6H4OMe)][BF4] by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy," Organometallics, 13, 757 (1994).

(572) M. Arca, A. J. Bard, B. R. Horrocks, T. C. Richards, and D. A. Treichel, "Advances in Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy,"
The Analyst, 119, 719 (1994).

(573) S.-L. Yau, F.-R. F. Fan, T. P. Moffat, and A. J. Bard, "In Situ Scanning Tunneling Microscopy of Ni(100) in 1 M NaOH,"
J. Phys. Chem., 98, 5493 (1994).

(574) D. A. Treichel, M. V. Mirkin, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 27. Application of a Simplified Treatment of an Irreversible Homogeneous Reaction following Electron Transfer to the Oxidative Dimerization of 4-Nitrophenolate in Acetonitrile,"
J. Phys. Chem., 98, 5751 (1994).

(575) X-H. Xu and A. J. Bard, "Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 55.  Emission from Adsorbed Ru(bpy)
32+ on Graphite, Platinum, and Gold," Langmuir, 10, 2409 (1994).

(576) M. M. Richter, F.-R. F. Fan, F. Klavetter, A. J. Heeger, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Films of the Conjugated Polymer 4-Methoxy-(2-ethylhexoxyl)-2,5,polyphenylenevinylene [MEH-PPV],"
Chem. Phys. Lett., 226, 115 (1994).

(577) D. E. Cliffel and A. J. Bard, Electrochemical Studies of the "Protonation of C
60- and C602-," J. Phys. Chem., 98, 8140 (1994).

(578) X.-H. Xu, H. C. Yang, T. E. Mallouk, and A. J. Bard, "Immobilization of DNA on an Aluminum(III) Alkanebisphosphonate Thin Film with Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Detection,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 116, 8386 (1994).

(579) B. R. Horrocks, M. V. Mirkin, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 25. Application to Investigation of the Kinetics of Heterogeneous Electron Transfer at Semiconductor (WSe
2 and Si) Electrodes," J. Phys. Chem., 98, 9106 (1994).

(580) D. W. Suggs and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopic Study with Atomic Resolution of the Dissolution of Cu(111) in Aqueous Chloride Solutions,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 116, 10725 (1994).

(581) F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemical Detection of Single Molecules,"
Science, 267, 871 (1995).

(582) A. J. Bard and M. A. Fox, "Artificial Photosynthesis: Solar Splitting of Water to Hydrogen and Oxygen,"
Acc. Chem. Res., 28, 141 (1995).

(583) J. Chlistunoff, D. Cliffel, and A. J. Bard, "Electrochemistry of Fullerene Films,"
Thin Solid Films, 257, 166 (1995).

(584) X.-H. Xu and A. J. Bard, "Immobilization and Hybridization of DNA on an Aluminum(III) Alkanebisphosphonate Thin Film with Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Detection,"
J. Am. Chem. Soc., 117, 2627 (1995).

(585) M. Arca, M. V. Mirkin, and A. J. Bard, "Polymer Films on Electrodes.  26.  Study of Ion Transport and Electron Transfer at Polypyrrole Films by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy,"
J. Phys. Chem., 99, 5040 (1995).

(586) C. Wei, A. J. Bard, G. Nagy, and K. Toth, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy.  28.  Ion-Selective Neutral Carrier-Based Microelectrode Potentiometry,"
Anal. Chem., 67, 1346 (1995).

(587) C.-Y. Liu, H.-L. Pan, H. Tang, M. A. Fox, and A. J. Bard, "Effect of Structural Order on the Dark and Photocurrents in Zinc Octakis (b-decoxyethyl)porphyrin Thin-Layer Cells,"
J. Phys. Chem., 99, 7632, (1995).

(588) D. W. Suggs and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopic Study with Atomic Resolution of the Dissolution of Cu(100) Electrodes in Aqueous Chloride Metals,"
J. Phys. Chem., 99, 8349 (1995).

(589) C. Anderson and A. J. Bard, "An Improved Photocatalyst of TiO
2/SiO2 Prepared by a Sol-Gel Synthesis," J. Phys. Chem., 99, 9882 (1995).

(590) S. Ogawa, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Tunneling Microscopy, Tunneling Spectroscopy, and Photoelectrochemistry of a Film of Q-CdS Particles Incorporated in a Self-Assembled Monolayer on a Gold Surface,"
J. Phys. Chem., 99, 11182, (1995).

(591) C. Wei and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 29. In Situ Monitoring of Thickness Changes of Thin Films on Electrodes,"
J. Electrochem. Soc., 142, 2523 (1995).

(592) T. Solomon and A. J. Bard, "Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 30. The Application of Glass Micropipet Tips and Electron Transfer at the ITIES for SECM Imaging,"
Anal. Chem., 67, 2787 (1995).

(593) T. C. Richards and A. J. Bard, “Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence.  57.  Emission from Sodium 9,10-Diphenylanthracene-2-sulfonate, Thianthrenecarboxylic Acids, and Chlorpromazine in Aqueous Media,”
Anal. Chem., 67, 3140 (1995).

(594) C. Wei, A. J. Bard, and M. V. Mirkin, “Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy.  31.  Application of SECM to the Study of Charge Transfer Processes at the Liquid/Liquid Interface,”
J. Phys. Chem., 99, 16033 (1995).

(595) L. J. Kepley and A. J. Bard, “Polymer Films on Electrodes.  XXVII.  Electrochemical and Ellipsometric Measurements of a Viologen-Siloxane Polymer Film:  Deposition, Solvent Swelling, Oxidation-State-Dependent Thickness, and Charge Transport,”
J. Electrochem. Soc., 142, 4129 (1995).

(596) F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "STM on Wet Insulators:  Electrochemistry or Tunneling?"
Science, 270, 1849, (1995).

(597) T. Solomon and A. J. Bard, "Reverse (Uphill) Electron Transfer at Liquid/Liquid Interface,"
J. Phys. Chem., 99, 17487, (1995).

(598) K. Tóth, G. Nagy, C. Wei, and A. J. Bard, "Novel Application of Potentiometric Microelectrodes:  Scanning Potentiometric Microscopy,"
Electroanalysis, 7, 801, (1995).

(599) A. J. Bard, F.-R. F. Fan, "Applications of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy,"
Journal of the Korean Society of Analytical Sciences (special issue of ASIANALYSIS III), 8, (No. 4), 69A, (1995).

(600) J. D. Debad, J. C. Morris, V. Lynch, P. Magnus, and A. J. Bard, "
Dibenzotetraphenylperiflanthene:  Synthesis, Photophysical Properties, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 118, 2374, (1996)

(601) C.-Y. Liu, H. Tang, and A. J. Bard, "
Effect of Orientation of Porphyrin Single-Crystal Slices on Optoelectronic Properties," J. Phys. Chem., 100, 3587, (1996)

(602) X. Xu, K. Shreder, B. L. Iverson, and A. J. Bard, "
Generation by Electron Transfer of an Emitting State Not Observed by Photoexcitation in a Linked Ru(bpy)32+-Methyl Viologen," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 118, 3656, (1996)

(603) C.-Y. Liu, T. Hasty, and A. J. Bard, "
Electro-optical Charge Trapping in Zinc Porphyrin Films on Indium Tin Oxide and /SiO2/Si," J. Electrochem. Soc., 143, 1914, (1996).

(604) J. V. Macpherson, P. R. Unwin, A. C. Hillier, and A. J. Bard, "
In-Situ Imaging of Ionic Crystal Dissolution Using an Integrated Electrochemical/AFM Probe," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 118, 6445, (1996).

(605) M. M. Richter and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence.  58.  Ligand-Sensitized Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence in Europium Labels," Anal. Chem., 68, 2641, (1996).

(606) C. Wei, A. J. Bard, I. Kapui, G. Nagy, and K. Tóth, "
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 32. Gallium Ultramicroelectrodes and Their Application in Ion-Selective Probes," Anal. Chem., 68, 2651, (1996)

(607) C. Demaille, P. R. Unwin, and A. J. Bard, "
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy.  33.  Application to the Study of ECE/DISP Reactions," J. Phys. Chem., 100, 14137, (1996).

(608) F.-R. F. Fan, J. Kwak, and A. J. Bard, "
Single Molecule Electrochemistry," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 118, 9669, (1996)

(609) M. Tsionsky, A. J. Bard, and M. V. Mirkin, "
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy.  34.  Potential Dependence of the Electron-Transfer Rate and Film Formation at the Liquid/Liquid Interface," J. Phys. Chem., 100, 17881, (1996).

(610) F. Forouzan, T. C. Richards, and A. J. Bard, "
Photoinduced Reaction at TiO2 Particles.  Photodeposition from NiII Solutions with Oxalate," J. Phys. Chem., 100, 18123 (1996).

(611) A. C. Hillier, S. Kim, and A. J. Bard, "
Measurement of Double-Layer Forces at the Electrode/Electrolyte Interface Using the Atomic Force Microscope:  Potential and Anion Dependent Interactions, " J. Phys. Chem., 100, 18808 (1996).

(612) A. J. Bard and F.-R. F. Fan, "
Electrochemical Detection of Single Molecules," Acc. Chem. Res., 29, 572 (1996).

(613) M. M. Richter, J. D. Debad, D. R. Striplin, G. A. Crosby, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 59. Rhenium Complexes," Anal. Chem., 68, 4370 (1996).

(614) J. D. Debad, Jonathan C. Morris, P. Magnus, and A. J. Bard, "
Anodic Coupling of Diphenylbenzo[k]fluoranthene:  Mechanistic and Kinetic Studies Utilizing Cyclic Voltammetry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence," J. Org. Chem., 62, 530 (1997).

(615) C.-Y. Liu, S. Snyder, A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry in Near-Critical and Supercritical Fluids. 9. Improved Apparatus for Water Systems (23-385 °C).  The Oxidation of Hydroquinone and Iodide," J. Phys. Chem., 101, 1180 (1997).

(616) A. J. Bard, D. E. Cliffel, C. Demaille, F.-R. F. Fan, M. Tsionsky, "
Advances in Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy," Annali di Chimica, 87, 15 (1997).

(617) M. Tsionsky, Z. G. Cardon, A. J. Bard, R. B. Jackson, "
Photosynthetic Electron Transport in Single Guard Cells as Measured by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy," Plant Physiol., 113, 895 (1997).

(618) C. Anderson and A. J. Bard, "
Improved Photocatalytic Activity and Characterization of Mixed TiO2/SiO2 and TiO2/Al2O3 Materials," J. Phys. Chem., 101, 2611 (1997).

(619) C.-Y. Liu, V. Lynch, and A. J. Bard, "
Effect of an Electric Field on the Growth and Optoelectronic Properties of Quasi-One-Dimensional Organic Single Crystals of 1-(Phenylazo)-2-naphthol," Chem. Mater., 9, 943 (1997).

(620) A. C. Hillier and A. J. Bard, "
AC-Mode Atomic Force Microscope Imaging in Air and Solutions with a Thermally Driven Bimetallic Cantilever Probe," Rev. Sci. Instrum., 68, 2082 (1997).

(621) T. Saito, C.-Y. Liu, V. M. Lynch, and A. J. Bard, "
Orientational Dependence of the Color and Photoconductivity of 1,4-Di-p-toluidino-anthraquinone Single Crystals," Chem. Mater., 9, 1318 (1997).

(622) C.-Y. Liu, H.-L. Pan, M. A. Fox, and A. J. Bard, "
Reversible Charge Trapping/Detrapping in a Photoconductive Insulator of Liquid Crystal Zinc Porphyrin," Chem. Mater., 9,  1422 (1997).

(623) C. Demaille, M. Brust, M. Tsionsky, A. J. Bard, "
Fabrication and Characterization of Self-Assembled Spherical Gold Ultramicroelectrodes," Anal. Chem. , 69, 2323 (1997).

(624) S. Ogawa, K. Hu, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "
Photoelectrochemistry of Films of Quantum Size Lead Sulfide Particles Incorporated in Self-Assembled Monolayers on Gold," J. Phys. Chem., 29, 5707 (1997).

(625) T. Solomon and A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Based on Ion Transfer Across Immiscible Electrolyte Solutions,” Bull. Chem. Soc. Ethiop., 11, 55 (1997).

(626) M. Pyo and A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy.  35.  Determination of Diffusion Coefficients and Concentrations of Ru(NH3)63+ and Methylene Blue in Polyacrylamide Films by Chronoamperometry at Ultramicrodisk Electrodes,” Electrochimica Acta, 42, 3077 (1997).

(627) K. Hu and A. J. Bard, “Use of Atomic Force Microscopy for the Study of Surface Acid-Base Properties of Carboxylic Acid-Terminated Self-Assembled Monolayers,”
Langmuir, 13, 5114 (1997).

(628) F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, “
An Electrochemical Coulomb Staircase-Detection of Single Electron-Transfer Events at Nanometer Electrodes,” Science, 277, 1791 (1997).

(629) K. Hu and A. J. Bard, “
Characterization of Adsorption of Sodium Dodecyl Sulfate on Charge-Regulated Substrates by Atomic Force Microscopy Force Measurements,” Langmuir, 13, 5418, (1997).

(630) K. Hu, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard and A. Hillier, “
Direct Measurement of Diffuse Double-Layer Forces at the Semiconductor/Electrolyte Interface Using an Atomic Force Microscope,” J. Phys. Chem., 101, 8298 (1997).

(631) S. K. Lee, M. M. Richter, L. Strekowski, and A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence.  61.  Near-IR Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence, Electrochemistry and Spectroscopic Properties of a Heptamethine Cyanine Dye in MeCN,” Anal. Chem., 69, 4126 (1997).

(632) M. Brust, P. M. Blass, and A. J. Bard, “
Self-Assembly of Photoluminescent Cu(I)-Dithiol Multilayer Thin Films and Bulk Materials,” Langmuir, 21, 5602 (1997).

(633) C. Clark, J. Debad, E. Yonemoto, T. Mallouk, and A. J. Bard, “
Effect of Oxygen on Linked Ru(bpy)32+-Viologen Species and Methyl Viologen - A Reinterpretation of the Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 119, 10525 (1997).

(634) M. Tsionsky, A. J. Bard, and M. V. Mirkin, “
Long-Range Electron Transfer through a Lipid Monolayer at the Liquid/Liquid Interface,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 119, 10785 (1997).

(635) C. Wei, A. J. Bard, and S. Feldberg, “
Current Rectification at Quartz Nanopipet Electrodes,Anal. Chem., 69, 4627 (1997).

(636) F. Forouzan and A. J. Bard, “
Evidence for Faradaic Processes in Scanning Probe Microscopy on Mica in Humid Air,” J. Phys. Chem. B., 101, 10876 (1997).

(637) F. Forouzan, A. J. Bard, and M. V. Mirkin, “
Voltammetric and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopic Studies of the Adsorption Kinetics and Self-Assembly of n-Alkanethiol Monolayers on Gold,” Israel Journal of Chemistry, 37, 155 (1997).

(638) M. Richter, A. J. Bard, W. Kim, and R. H. Schmehl, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence.  62.  Enhanced ECL in Bimetallic Assemblies with Ligands that Bridge Isolated Chromophores,” Anal. Chem., 70, 310 (1998).

(639) J. D. Debad, S. K. Lee, X. Qiao, R. A. Pascal, Jr., and A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 60. Spectroscopic Properties and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Decaphenylanthracene and Octaphenylnaphthalene,” Acta Chemica Scandinavica., 52, 45 (1998).

(640) C.-Y. Liu and A. J. Bard, “
Optoelectric Charge Trapping/Detrapping in Thin Solid Films of Organic Azo Dyes: Application of Scanning Tunneling Microscopic Tip Contact to Photoconductive Films for Data Storage,” Chem. Mater., 10, 840 (1998).

(641) J. D. Debad and A. J. Bard, “
Electropolymerization of Acenaphtho[1,2-k]fluoranthene Derivatives: Formation of a New Conductive Electroactive Electrochromic Hydrocarbon Ladder Polymer,J. Am. Chem. Soc., 120, 2476 (1998).

(642) K. Hu, M. Brust and A. J. Bard, “
Characterization and Surface Charge Measurement of Self-Assembled CdS Nanoparticle Films,Chem. Mater., 10, 1160 (1998).

(643) D. E. Cliffel and A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 36. A Combined Scanning Electrochemical Microscope-Quartz Crystal Microbalance Instrument for Studying Thin Films,” Anal. Chem., 70, 1993 (1998).

(644) M.-H. Delville, M. Tsionsky and A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Studies of Electron Transfer through Monolayers Containing Conjugated Species at the Liquid-Liquid Interface,” Langmuir, 14, 2774 (1998).

(645) C.-Y. Liu and A. J. Bard, “
Enhanced Quantum Efficiencies and Short-Circuit Photocurrents in Solid Porphyrin Thin Film Cells by Internal Electric Fields,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 120, 5575 (1998).

(646) P. Ceroni, F. Paolucci, C. Paradisi, A. Juris, S. Roffia, S. Serroni, S. Campagna and A. J. Bard, “
Dinuclear and Dendritic Polynuclear Ruthenium(II) and Osmium(II) Polypyridine Complexes: Electrochemistry at Very Positive Potentials in Liquid SO2,J. Am. Chem. Soc., 120, 5480 (1998).

(647) P. Ceroni, F. Paolucci, S. Roffia, S. Serroni, S. Campagna and A. J. Bard, “
Electrochemistry at Very Positive Potentials in Liquid SO2.  Mononuclear RuII and OsII Polypyridine Complexes,Inorg. Chem., 37, 2829 (1998).

(648) K. Hu, R. Pyati and A. J. Bard, "
Monitoring Multilayer Film Growth with the Atomic Force Microscope.  Aluminum(III) Alkanebisphosphonate Multilayer Films and DNA Immobilization," Anal. Chem., 70, 2870 (1998).

(649) F.-R. F. Fan, D. Cliffel and A. J. Bard, "
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 37. Light Emission by Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence at SECM Tips and Their Application to Scanning Optical Microscopy," Anal. Chem., 70, 2941 (1998).

(650) M. A. Fox, J. V. Grant, D. Melamed, T. Torimoto, C.-Y. Liu and A. J. Bard, "
Effect of Structural Variation on Photocurrent Efficiency in Alkyl-Substituted Porphyrin Solid-State Thin Layer Photocells," Chem. Mater., 10, 1771 (1998).

(651) C.-J. Hung, L. I. Halaoui, A. J. Bard, P. A. Grudowski, R. D. Dupuis, J. Molstad and F. J. DiSalvo, "
Electroluminescence at GaN and GaxIn1-xN Electrodes in Aqueous Electrolytes,"  Electrochem. and Solid-State Lett., 1, 142 (1998).

(652) M. Tsionsky, A. J. Bard, D. Dini and F. Decker, "
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 28. Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Study of Electron Transfer at Poly(alkylterthiophene) Films," Chem. Mater., 10, 2120 (1998).

(653) K. Hu and A. J. Bard, "
In Situ Monitoring of Kinetics of Charged Thiol Adsorption on Gold Using an Atomic Force Microscope," Langmuir, 14, 4790 (1998).

(654) S. K. Lee and A. J. Bard, "
Near-IR Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Tricarbocyanine Dyes in Micellar Systems," Anal. Lett., 31, 2209 (1998).

(655) D. E. Cliffel, A. J. Bard and S. Shinkai, "
Electrochemistry of tert-Butylcalix[8]arene-C60 Films Using a Scanning Electrochemical Microscope-
Quartz Crystal Microbalance
," Anal. Chem., 70, 4146 (1998).

(656) Y.-E. Sung, F. Gaillard, and A. J. Bard, "
Demonstration of Electrochemical Generation of Solution-Phase Hot Electrons at Oxide-Covered Tantalum Electrodes by Direct Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence," J. Phys. Chem. B., 102, 9797 (1998).

(657) Y.-E. Sung and A. J. Bard, "
Enhancement of Electrochemical Hot Electron Injection into Electrolyte Solutions at Oxide-Covered Tantalum Electrodes by Thin Platinum Films," J. Phys. Chem. B, 102, 9806 (1998).

(658) F. Gaillard, Y.-E. Sung, and A. J. Bard, "
Hot Electron Generation in Aqueous Solution at Oxide-Covered Tantalum Electrodes.  Reduction of Methylpyridinium and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Ru(bpy)32+ ," J. Phys. Chem. B, 103, 667 (1999).

(659) C.-Y. Liu and A. J. Bard, "
Optoelectronic Properties and Memories Based on Organic Single-Crystal Thin Films," Acc. Chem. Res., 32, 235 (1999).

(660) M. Moini, P. Cao, and A. J. Bard, "
Hydroquinone as a Buffer Additive for Suppression of Bubbles Formed by Electrochemical Oxidation of the CE Buffer at the Outlet Electrode in Capillary Electrophoresis/Electrospray Ionization-Mass Spectrometry," Anal. Chem., 71, 1658 (1999).

(661) S. K. Lee, Y. Zu, A. Herrmann, Y. Geerts, K. Müllen, and A. J. Bard, "
Electrochemistry, Spectroscopy and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Perylene, Terrylene, and Quaterrylene Diimides in Aprotic Solution," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 121, 3513 (1999).

(662) K. Hu, Z. Chai, J. K. Whitesell, and A. J. Bard, "
In Situ Monitoring of Diffuse Double Layer Structure Changes of Electrochemically Addressable Self-Assembled Monolayers with an Atomic Force Microscope," Langmuir, 15, 3343 (1999).

(663) Y. Zu, F.-R. F. Fan, and A. J. Bard, "
Inverted Region Electron Transfer Demonstrated by Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence at the Liquid/Liquid Interface," J. Phys. Chem. B, 103, 6272 (1999).

(664) M. Tsionsky, J. Zhou, S. Amemiya, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard, and R. A. W. Dryfe, "
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 38. Application of SECM to the Study of Charge Transfer through Bilayer Lipid Membranes," Anal. Chem., 71, 4300 (1999).

(665) C. Demaille and A. J. Bard, "
Kinetics and Mechanism of the Anodic Dimerization of trans-Anethole Studied by Cyclic Voltammetry and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy," Acta Chemica Scandinavica, 53, 842 (1999).

(666) A. L. Barker, P. R. Unwin, S. Amemiya, J. Zhou and A. J. Bard, "
Scanning Electrochemistry Microscopy (SECM) in the Study of Electron Transfer Kinetics at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces: Beyond the Constant Composition Approximation," J. Phys. Chem. B, 103, 7260 (1999).

(667) C.-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard, F. Wudl, I. Weitz, and J. R. Heath, "
Electrochemical Characterization of Films of Single-Walled Carbon Nanotubes and Their Possible Applications in Supercapacitors," Electrochem. and Solid State Lett., 2, 577 (1999).

(668) F. Kanoufi and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 65. An Investigation of the Oxidation of Oxalate by Tris(polypyridine) Ruthenium Complexes and the Effect of the Electrochemical Steps on the Emission Intensity," J. Phys. Chem. B, 103, 10469 (1999).

(669) F.-R. F. Fan and A. J. Bard, "
Imaging of Biological Macromolecules on Mica in Humid Air by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy," Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 96, 14222 (1999).

(670) F. G. Gao, A. J. Bard and L. D. Kispert, "
Photocurrent Generated on a Carotenoid-sensitized TiO2 Nanocrystalline Mesoporous Electrode," J. Photochem. & Photobio. A: Chemistry, 130, 49 (2000).

(671) C. G. Zoski and A. J. Bard, "
Abnormal Decomposition Potentials Reconsidered - A Corrected Treatment," J. Chem. Ed., 77, 526 (2000).

(672) A. J. Bard and C. G. Zoski, "
Voltammetry Retrospective," Anal. Chem., 72, 346A (2000).

(673) S. Amemiya, Z. Ding, J. Zhou and A. J. Bard, "
Studies of Charge Transfer at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces and Bilayer Lipid Membranes by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy," J. Electroanal. Chem., 483, 7 (2000).

(674) E. F. Fabrizio, I. Prieto and A. J. Bard, "
Hydrocarbon Cation Radical Formation by Reduction of Peroxydisulfate," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 122, 4996 (2000).

(675) Y. Zu and A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 66. The Role of Direct Coreactant Oxidation in the Ruthenium Tris(2,2')bipyridyl/Tripropylamine System and the Effect of Halide Ions on the Emission Intensity," Anal. Chem., 72, 3223 (2000).

(676) F. G. Gao and A. J. Bard, "
Solid-State Organic Light-Emitting Diodes Based on Tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) Complexes," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 122, 7426 (2000).

(677) C.-Y. Liu and A. J. Bard, "
In-Situ Regrowth and Purification by Zone Melting of Organic Single-Crystal Thin Films Yielding Significantly Enhanced Optoelectronic Properties," Chem. Mater., 12, 2353 (2000).

(678)   D. M. Adams, J. Kerimo, C.-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard and P. F. Barbara, "
Electric Field Modulated Near-Field Photo-Luminescence of Organic Thin Films," J. Phys. Chem. B, 104, 6728 (2000).

(679)   S. Amemiya and A. J. Bard, "
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 40. Voltammetric Ion-Selective Micropipet Electrodes for Probing Ion Transfer at Bilayer Lipid Membranes," Anal. Chem., 72, 4940 (2000).

(680)   J. Zhou, Y. Zu and A. J. Bard, "
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. Part 39. The Proton/Hydrogen Mediator System and Its Application to the Study of the Electrocatalysis of Hydrogen Oxidation," J. Electroanal. Chem., 491, 22 (2000).

(681) F. Kanoufi, Y. Zu and A. J. Bard, "
Homogeneous Oxidation of Trialkylamines by Metal Complexes and Its Impact on Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence in the Trialkylamine/Ru(bpy)32+ System," J. Phys. Chem. B, 105, 210 (2001).

(682) J. Wang and A. J. Bard, "
On the Absence of a Diffuse Double Layer at Electronically Conductive Polymer Film Electrodes.  Direct Evidence by Atomic Force Microscopy of Complete Charge Compensation," J. Am. Chem. Soc., 123, 498 (2001).

(683) I. Prieto, J. Teetsov, M. Fox, D. Vanden Bout, and A. J. Bard, "
A Study of Excimer Emission in Solutions of Ply(9,9-dioctylfluorene) Using Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence," J. Phys. Chem. A, 105, 520-523 (2001).

(684) F. Fan, J. Yang, S. Dirk, D. Price, D. Kosynkin, J. Tour, and A. J. Bard, "
Determination of the Molecular Electrical Properties of Self-Assembled Monolayers of Compounds of Interest in Molecular Electronics,” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 123, 2454-2455 (2001). (Supporting Information)

(685) M. Quinto, A. J. Bard, "
Polymer films on electrodes Part 29.  Electropolymerized poly(7,14-diphenylacenaphtho[1,2-k]fluoranthene): electrochemistry and conductance of a novel electrochromic hydrocarbon ladder polymer film", J. Electroanal. Chem., 498, 67-74 (2001).

(686)   Y. Zu, Z. Ding, J. Zhou, Y. Lee, A. J. Bard, "
Scanning Optical Microscopy with an Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Light Source at a Nanometer Tip",  Anal. Chem., 73, 2153-2156 (2001).

(687)   J. Wang, A. J. Bard, "
Monitoring DNA Immobilization and Hybridization on Surfaces by Atomic Force Microscopy Force Measurements", Anal. Chem., 73, 2207-2212 (2001).

(688)   Y. Lee, S. Amemiya, A. J. Bard, "
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 41. Theory and Characterization of Ring Electrodes", Anal. Chem., 73, 2261-2267 (2001).

(689) J. Wang, A. J. Bard, "
Direct Atomic Force Microscopic Determination of Surface Charge at the Gold/Electrolyte Interface-The Inadequacy of Classical GCS Theory in Describing the Double-Layer Charge Distribution", J. Phys. Chem. B., 105, 5217-5222 (2001).

(690) Z. Ding, B. M. Quinn, A. J. Bard, "
Kinetics of Heterogeneous Electron Transfer at Liquid/Liquid Interfaces As Studied by SECM", J. Phys. Chem. B.,  105,  6367-6374 (2001).

(691) R. Y. Lai, E. F. Fabrizio, L. Lu, S. A. Jenekhe, A. J. Bard, “
Synthesis, Cyclic Voltammetric Studies, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of a New Donor-Acceptor Molecule: 3,7-[Bis[4-phenyl-2-quinolyl]]-10-methylphenothiazine”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 123, 9112-9118 (Supporting Information)
(2001).

(692) C.-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard, “
Addressing of Optoelectronic Memory of Thin Film Zinc Porphyrin (ZnODEP) with Crossed 5-m Indium Tin Oxide Arrays”, Electrochemical & Solid State Letters, 4, E39-E41 (2001).

(693) B. M. Quinn, I. Prieto, S. K. Haram, A. J. Bard, “
Electrochemical Observation of a Metal/Insulator Transition by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 105. 7474-7476 (2001).

(694) S. K. Haram, B. M. Quinn, A. J. Bard, “
Electrochemistry of CdS Nanoparticles. A Correlation Between Optical and Electrochemical Bandgaps”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 123, 8860-8861 (2001). (Supporting Information)

(695) Y. Zu, A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence.  67.  Dependence of Light Emission of the Tris-(2,2’) bipyridyl Ruthenium (II)/Tripropylamine System on Electrode Surface Hydrophobicity”, Anal. Chem., 73, 3960-3964 (2001).

(696) M. Quinto, S. A. Jenekhe, A. J. Bard, “
Polymer Films on Electrodes. 30. Electrochemistry and SECM Characterization of Benzimidazolebenzophenanthroline-Type Ladder (BBL) and Semiladder (BBB) Polymer Films”, Chem. Mat., 13, 2824-2832 (2001).

(697) L. I. Halaoui, H. Sharifian, A. J. Bard, “
Reduction of Nitric Acid to Hydroxylamine at Glassy Carbon Surfaces Modified by the Reduction of p-Phenylenediamine and p-Aminophenol in 1.0 M Nitric Acid- A Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Study”, J. Electrochem. Soc., 148, E386-E393 (2001).

(698) S. K. Haram, A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy.  42.  Studies of the Kinetics and Photoelectrochemistry of Thin Film CdS /Electrolyte Interfaces”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 105, 8192-8195 (2001).

(699) F. Kanoufi, C. Cannes, Y. Zu, A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy.  43.  Investigation of Oxalate Oxidation and ECL Across the Liquid-Liquid Interface”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 105, 8951-8962 (2001).

(700) F-R F. Fan, A. J. Bard, “
Chemical, Electrochemical, Gravimetric, and Microscopic Studies on Antimicrobial Silver Films”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 106, 279-287 (2002).

(701) R. Y. Lai, M. Chiba, N. Kitamura, A. J. Bard “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence 68.  Detection of Sodium Ion with a Ruthenium (II) Complex With Crown-Ether Moiety at 3, 3’-Positions on the 2, 2’-Bipyridine Ligand”, Anal. Chem., 74, 551-553 (2002).

(702) W. Miao, Z. Ding, A. J. Bard.  “
Solution Viscosity Effects on the Heterogeneous Electron Transfer Kinetics of Ferrocenemethanol in Dimethyl Sulfoxide-Water Mixtures.”  J. Phys. Chem. B, 106, 1392-1398 (2002).

(703) E. Fabrizio, A. Payne, N. Westlund, A. J. Bard, P. Magnus. “
Photophysical, Electrochemical, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Properties of 9,10-Dimethyl-7, 12-diphenylbenzo[k]fluoranthene and 9,10-Dimethylsulfone-7, 12-diphenylbenzo[k]fluoranthene.”  J. Phys. Chem. A, 106, 1961-1968 (2002).

(704) C.-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard, “
Individually Addressable Submicron Scale Light-Emitting Devices Based on Electroluminescence of  Solid Ru(bpy)3(ClO4)2- Films”  J. Am. Chem. Soc., 124, 4190-4191 (2002).

(705) F.-R. Fan, J. Yang, L. Cai, D. W. Price Jr., S. M. Dirk, D. V. Kosynkin, Y. Yao, A. M. Rawlett, J. M. Tour, A. J. Bard, “
Charge Transport through Self-Assembled Monolayers of Compounds of Interest in Molecular Electronics”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 124, 5550-5560 (2002).

(706) Z. Ding, B. M. Quinn, S. K. Haram, L. E. Pell, B. A. Korgel, A. J. Bard, “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence from Silicon Nanocrystal Quantum Dots”, Science296, 1293-1297 (2002).

(707) M. Buda, G. Kalyuzhny, A. J. Bard, “
Thin-Film Solid-State Electroluminescent Devices Based on Tris(2,2’-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) Complexes”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 124, 6090-6098 (2002).

(708) B. M. Quinn, Z. Ding, R. Moulton, A. J. Bard, “
Novel Electrochemical Studies of Ionic Liquids”, Langmuir, 18, 1734-1742 (2002).

(709) C.-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard, “
Pressure-induced Insulator-conductor Transition in a Photoconducting Organic Liquid-crystal Film”, Nature, 418, 162-164 (2002).

(710) Y. Lee, A. J. Bard, “
Fabrication and Characterization of Probes for Combined Scanning Electrochemical/Optical Microscopy Experiments“, Anal. Chem. 74, 3626-3633 (2002). (Supporting Information.)

(711) Y. Lee, Z. Ding, A. J. Bard, “
Combined Scanning Electrochemical/Optical Microscopy with Shear Force and Current Feedback”, Anal. Chem. 74, 3634-3643 (2002). (Supporting Information.)

(712) J. Wang, S. W. Feldberg, A. J. Bard “
Measurement of Double-Layer Forces at the Polymer Film/Electrolyte Interfaces Using Atomic Force Microscopy: Concentration and Potential-Dependent Interactions”, J. Phys. Chem. B., 106, 10440-10446 (2002).

(713) F. G. Gao, A. J. Bard, “
High-Brightness and Low-Voltage Light-Emitting Devices Based on Trischelated Ruthenium(II) and Tris(2,2’-bipyridine)osmium(II) Emitter Layers and Low Melting Point Alloy Cathode Contacts”, Chem. Matr., 14, 3465-3470 (2002).

(714) J. Zhou, C. Campbell, A. Heller, A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 44. Imaging of Horseradish Peroxidase Immobilized on Insulating Substrates”, Anal. Chem., 74, 4007-4010 (2002).

(715) C. Cannes, F. Kanoufi, A. J. Bard, "
Cyclic Voltammetric and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopic Study of Menadione Permeability through a Self-Assembled Monolayer on a Gold Electrode", Langmuir, 18, 8134-8141 (2002).

(716) N. Myung, Z. Ding, A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of CdSe Nanocrystals", Nano Letters, 2, 1315-1319 (2002).

(717) B. Liu, A. J. Bard, "
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 45. Study of the Kinetics of Oxygen Reduction on Platinum with Potential Programming of the Tip", J. Phys. Chem. B, 106, 12801-12806 (2002)

(718) J. Mauzeroll, M. Buda, A. J. Bard, "
Detection of Tl(I) Transport Through a Gramicidin-Dioleoylphosphatidylcholine Monolayer Using the Substrate Generation-Tip Collection Mode of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy", Langmuir, 18, 9453-9461 (2002).

(719) W. Miao, J.-P. Choi, A. J. Bard, "
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence 69: The Tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II), (Ru(bpy)32+ )/Tri-n-propylamine (TPrA) System Revisited-A New Route Involving TPrA.+ Cation Radicals", J. Am. Chem. Soc., 124, 14478-14485 (2002).

(720) C.-Y. Liu, A. Fechtenkötter, M. D. Watson, K. Müllen, A. J. Bard, "
Room Temperature Discotic Liquid Crystalline Thin Films of Hexa-peri-hexabenzocoronene: Synthesis and Optoelectronic Properties", Chem. Mater., 15, 124-130 (2003).

(721) C.-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard, "
Selective Copper Deposition on Barrier Layer Ta and TaN in the Presence of a Copper Seed Layer", Electrochemical and Solid-State Ltrs., 6, C51-C52 (2003).

(722) F-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Probe Microscopy Studies of Solid-State Molecular Electroluminescent Devices Based on Tris(2,2’-bipyridine) Ruthenium(II) Complexes”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 107, 1781-1787 (2003).

(723) A. Frank, A. J. Bard, “
The Decomposition of the Sulfonate Additive Sulfopropyl Sulfonate in Acid Copper Electroplating Chemistries”, J. Electrochem. Soc., 150 (4), C244-C250 (2003).

(724) F. Fungo, S. A. Jenekhe, A. J. Bard, “
Plastic Electrochromic Devices: Electrochemical Characterization and Device Properties of a Phenothiazine-Phenylquinoline Donor-Acceptor Polymer”, Chem. Matr., 15, 1264-1272 (2003).

(725) R. Y. Lai, A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 70. The Application of ECL to Determine Electrode Potentials of Tri-n-porpylamine, Its Radical Cation, and Intermediate Free Radical in MeCN/Benzene Solutions”, J. Phys. Chem. A, 107 (18), 3335-3340 (2003).

(726) G. Kalyuzhny, M. Buda, J. McNeill, P. Barbara, A. J. Bard, “
Stability of Thin-film Solid-state Electroluminescent Devices Based on Tris(2,2'-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) Complexes”, J. Am. Chem. Soc. 125 (20), 6272-6283 (2003). (Supporting Information 1, Supporting Information 2.)

(727) C. G. Zoski, J. C. Aguilar, A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 46. Shielding Effects on Reversible and Quasireversible Reactions”, Anal. Chem. 75 (13), 2959-2966 (2003).

(728) J. L. Fernández, A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 47. Imaging Electrocatalytic Activity for Oxygen Reduction in an Acidic Medium by the Tip Generation-Substrate Collection Mode”, Anal. Chem. 75 (13) 2967-2974 (2003).

(729) R. Y. Lai, A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence 71. Photophysical, Electrochemical, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Properties of Selected Dipyrromethene-BF2 Dyes”, J. Phys. Chem. B, 107, 5036-5042 (2003).

(730) N. Myung, Y. Bae, A. J. Bard, “
Enhancement of the Photoluminescence of CdSe Nanocrystals Dispersed in ChCl3 by Oxygen Passivation of Surface States”, Nano Letters, 3 (6) 747-749 (2003).

(731) J. Mauzeroll, E. A. Hueske, A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 48. Hg/Pt Hemispherical Ultramicroelectrodes: Fabrication and Characterization”, Anal. Chem. 75, 3880-3889 (2003).

(732) N. Myung, Y. Bae, A. J. Bard, “
Effect of Surface Passivation on the Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of CdSe/ZnSe Nanocrystals”, Nano Letters, 3, (8) 1053-1055 (2003).

(733) C. Cannes, F. Kanoufi, A. J. Bard, “
Cyclic Voltammetry and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy of Ferrocenemethanol at Monolayer and Bilayer-modified Gold Electrodes”, J. Electrochem. Soc., 547, 83-91 (2003).

(734) M. Carano, K. B. Holt, A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 49. Gas-Phase Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Measurements with a Clark Oxygen Ultramicroelectrode”, Anal. Chem., 75, 5071-5079 (2003).

(735) R. Y. Lai, X. Kong, S. A. Jenekhe, A. J. Bard, “
Synthesis, Cyclic Voltammetric Studies, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of a New Phenylquinoline-Biphenothiazine Donor—Acceptor Molecule”, J. Am. Chem. Soc., 125, 12631-12639 (2003).

(736) E. F. Fabrizio, T. M. McEvoy, P. Jassel, J. Lozano, K. J. Stevenson, A. J. Bard, “
Electrochemical and Surface Characterization of Platinum Silicide Electrodes and Their Use as Stable Platforms for Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Assays”, J. Electroan. Chem., 554-555, 99-111 (2003).

(737) W. Miao, A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 72. Determination of Immobilized DNA and C-Reactive Protein on Au(111) Electrodes Using Tris(2,2’-bipyridyl)ruthenium(II) LabelsAnal. Chem. 75, 5825-5834 (2003).

(738) J. Kim, A. J. Bard, “
Organic donor/acceptor heterojunction photovoltaic devices based on zinc phthalocyanine and  liquid crystalline perylene DiimideChem. Phys. Let., 383, 11-15 (2004).

(739) N. Mano, J. L. Fernández, Y. Kim, W. Shin, A. J. Bard, A. Heller, “
Oxygen is Electroreduced to Water on a “Wired” Enzyme Electrode at a Lesser Overpotential than on PlatinumJ. Am. Chem. Soc., 125, 15290-15291 (2003).

(740) J-P. Choi, K-T. Wong, Y-M. Chen, J-K. Yu, P-T. Chou, A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 76. Excited Singlet State Emission vs Excimer Emission in Ter(9,9-diarylfluorene)sJ. Phys. Chem. B., 107, 14407-14413 (2003).

(741) C-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard, “
Increased photo- and electroluminescence by zone annealing of spin-coated and vacuum-sublimed amorphous films producing crystalline thin filmsAppl. Phys. Let. 83, 5431 (2003).

(742) R. Y. Lai, J. J. Fleming, B. L. Merner, R. J. Vermeij, G. J. Bodwell, A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 74.  Photophysical, Electrochemical, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Studies of Selected Nonplanar PyrenophanesJ. Phys. Chem. A, 108, 376-383 (2004).

(743) N. Myung, X. Lu, K. P. Johnston, A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Ge NanocrystalsNano Letters, 4(1), 183-185 (2004).

(744) B. Liu, A. J. Bard, M. V. Mirkin, S. E. Creager, “
Electron Transfer at Self-Assembled Monolayers Measured by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyJ. Am. Chem. Soc., 126, 1485-1492 (2004).

(745) F-R. F. Fan, R. Y. Lai, J. Cornil, Y. Karzazi, J-L. Brédas, L. Cai, L. Cheng, Y. Yao, D. W. Price, Jr., S. M. Dirk, J. M. Tour, A. J. Bard, “
Electrons Are Transported through Phenylene-Ethynylene Oligomer Monolayers via Localized Molecular OrbitalsJ. Am. Chem. Soc., 126, 2568-2573 (2004). (Supporting Information)

(746) F.-R. F. Fan, Y. Yao, L. Cai, L. Cheng, J. M. Tour, A. J. Bard, “
Structure-Dependent Charge Transport and Storage in Self-Assembled Monolayers of Compounds of Interest in Molecular Electronics: Effects of Tip Material, Headgroup, and Surface ConcentrationJ. Am. Chem. Soc., 126. 4035-4042 (2004).

(747) W. Cao, X. Zhang, A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 75. Electrochemistry and ECL of 9,10-bis(2-naphthyl)anthraceneJ. Electroan. Chem., 566, 409–413 (2004).

(748) J. L. Fernández, A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy 50. Kinetic Study of Electrode Reactions by the Tip Generation-Substrate Collection ModeAnal. Chem., 76, 2281-2289 (2004).

(749) J. Mauzeroll, A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy of Menadione-glutathione Conjugate Export from Yeast CellsPNAS, 101 (21), 7862-7867 (2004).

(750) Y. Bae, N. Myung, A. J. Bard, “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of CdTe NanoparticlesNano Let. 4 (6), 1153-1161 (2004),

(751) C. G. Zoski, B. Liu, A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy: Theory and Characterization of Electrodes of Finite Conical GeometryAnal. Chem. 76, 3646-3654 (2004).

(752) W. I. Lee, Y. Bae, A. J. Bard, “
Strong Blue Photoluminescence and ECL from OH-Terminated PAMAM Dendrimers in the Absence of Gold NanoparticlesJ. Am. Chem. Soc., 126, 8358-8359 (2004).

(753) W. Miao, A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 77. DNA Hybridization Detection at High Amplification with [Ru(bpy)3]2+-Containing MicrospheresAnal. Chem., 76, 5379-5386 (2004).

(754) M. Buda, F. G. Gao, A. J. Bard, “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of a Thin solid Film of a Hydrophobic Tris(bipyridine) Ru(II) Derivative in contact with an Aqueous SolutionJ. Solid State Electrochem., 8, 706-171 (2004).

(755) K. B. Holt, A. J. Bard, Y. Show, G. M. Swain, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy and Conductive Probe Atomic Force Microscopy Studies of Hydrogen-Terminated Boron-Doped Diamond Electrodes with Different Doping LevelsJ. Phys. Chem. B 108, 15117-15127 (2004).

(756) J-P. Choi, A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence 73: Acid-base Properties, Electrochemistry, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Neutral Red in AcetonitrileJ. Electroanal. Chem. 573, 215-225 (2004).

(757) W. Miao, A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 80. C-Reactive Protein Determination at High Amplification with [Ru(bpy)3]2+ -Containing MicrospheresAnal. Chem. 76, 7109-7113 (2004).

(758) R. J. LeSuer, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard, “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy, 52. Bipolar Conductance Technique at Ultramicroelectrodes for Resistance MeasurementsAnal. Chem. 76, 6894-6901 (2004).

(759) J. L. Fernández, N. Mano, A. Heller, A. J. Bard, “
Optimization of “Wired” Enzyme O2 –Electroreduction Catalyst compositions by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 43, 6355-6357 (2004).

(760) J. Mauzeroll, A. J. Bard, O. Owhadian, T. J. Monks “
Menadione metabolism to thiodione in hepatoblastoma by scanning electrochemical microscopyPNAS, 101 (51), 7582–17587 (2004).

(761) J. L. Fernández, D. A. Walsh, A. J. Bard “
Thermodynamic Guidelines for the Design of Bimetallic Catalysts for Oxygen Electroreduction and Rapid Screening by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. M-Co (M: Pd, Ag, Au)J. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 357-365 (2004).

(762) F. Fungo, K.-T. Wong, S.-Y. Ku, Y.-Y. Hung, A. J. Bard “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 81. Influence of Donor and Acceptor Substituents on the ECL of a Spirobifluorene-Bridged Bipolar SystemJ. Phys. Chem. B 109, 3984-3989 (2005).

(763) B. Liu, A. J. Bard, C.-Z. Li, H.-B. Kraatz “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 51. Studies of Self-Assembled Monolayers of DNA in the Absence and Presence of Metal IonsJ. Phys. Chem. B 109, 5193-5198 (2005).

(764) S. Bi, B. Liu, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemical Studies of Guanosine in DMF and Detection of Its Radical Cation in a Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Nanogap ExperimentJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 3690-3691 (2005).

(765) J. L. Fernandez, C. Hurth, A. J. Bard “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy #54. Application to the Study of Heterogeneous Catalytic Reactions-Hydrogen Peroxide DecompositionJ. Phys. Chem. B 109, 9532-9539 (2005).

(766) B. Liu, J. P. Rolland, J. M. DeSimone, A. J. Bard “
Fabrication of Ultramicroelectrodes Using a “Teflon-like” Coating MaterialAnal. Chem. 77, 3013-3017 (2005).

(767) J.-P. Choi, A. J. Bard “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence (ECL) 79.  Reductive-oxidation ECL of tris(2,2’-bipyridine)ruthenium(II) Using Hydrogen Peroxide as a Coreactant in pH 7.5 Phosphate Buffer Solution”  Anal. Chim. Acta, 541, 143-150 (2005).

(768) F.-R. F. Fan, C. L. Mazzitelli, J. S. Brodbelt, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemical, Spectroscopic, and Mass Spectrometric Studies of the Interaction of Silver Species with Polyamidoamine DendrimersAnal. Chem. 77, 4413-4422 (2005). (Supporting Information)

(769) J. C. Taylor, R. J. LeSuer, C. R. Chambers, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard, W. E. Conley, C. G. Willson “
Experimental Techniques for Detection of Components Extracted from Model 193 nm Immersion Lithography PhotoresistsChem. Mater. 17, 4194-4203 (2005).

(770) D. L. Pile, A. J. Bard “
Effect of Water Vapor on the Operation and Stability of Tris(2,2’-bipyridine)ruthenium(II)-Based Light-Emitting Electrochemical CellsChem. Mater, 17, 4212-4217 (2005).

(771) D. A. Walsh, J. L. Fernandez, J. Mauzeroll, A. J. Bard “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 55.Fabrication and Characterization of Micropipet ProbesAnal. Chem. 77, 5182-5188 (2005).

(772)   C.-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence with a Single Faradaic Electrode,Anal. Chem. 77, 5339-5343 (2005).

(773) K. B. Holt, A. J. Bard “
Interaction of Silver(I) Ions with the Respiratory Chain of Escherichia coli:  An Electrochemical and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Study of the Antimicrobial Mechanism of Micromolar Ag+Biochem. 44, 13214-13223 (2005).

(774) J. L. Fernandez, V. Raghuveer, A. Manthiram, A. J. Bard “
Pd-Ti and Pd-Co-Au Electrocatalysts as a Replacement for Platinum for Oxygen Reduction in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel CellsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 127, 13100-13101 (2005). (Supporting Information)

(775) C.-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard “
Highly Efficient and Bright Electroluminescent Ru(bpy)3(ClO4)2/Alq3 DeviceApp. Phys. Let. 87, 061110 (2005).

(776) W. Zhao, C.-Y. Liu, Q. Wang, J. M. White, A. J. Bard “
Effect of Residual Solvent on Ru(bpy)3(ClO4)2- Based Light-Emitting Electrochemical Cells" Chem. Mater. 17, 6403-6406 (2005).

(777) V. Raghuveer, A. Manthiram, A. J. Bard “
Pd-Co-Mo Electrocatalyst for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction in Proton Exchange Membrane Fuel CellsJ. Phys. Chem. B 109, 22909-22912 (2005).

(778) Y. C. Weng, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Combinatorial Biomimetics.  Optimization of a Composition of Copper(II) Poly-L-Histidine Complex as an Electrocatalyst for O2 Reduction by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy”  J. Am. Chem. Soc. Comm. Ed. 127, 17576-17577 (2005).

(779) J. H. Park, A. J. Bard “
Photoelectrochemical Tandem Cell with Bipolar Dye-Sensitized Electrodes for Vectorial Electron Transfer for Water SplittingElectrochemical & Solid-State Ltrs. 9 (2), E5-E8 (2006).

(780) J. H. Park, S. Kim, A. J. Bard “
Novel Carbon-Doped TiO2 Nanotube Arrays with High Aspect Ratios for Efficient Solar Water SplittingNano Lett. 6 (1), 24-28 (2006).

(781) S. Stagni, A. Palazzi, S. Zacchini, B. Ballarin, C. Bruno, M. Marcaccio, F. Paolucci, M. Monari, M. Carano, A. J. Bard “
A New Family of Ruthenium(II) Polypyridine Complexes Bearing 5-Aryltetrazolate Ligands as Systems for Electrochemiluminescent DevicesInorg. Chem. 45, 695-709 (2006).

(782) W. Zhan, A. J. Bard “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 56. Probing Outside and Inside Single Giant Liposomes Containing Ru(bpy)32+Anal. Chem. 78, 726-733 (2006). (Supporting Information)

(783) J. H. Park, A. J. Bard “
Unassisted Water Splitting from Bipolar Pt/Dye-Sensitized TiO2 Photoelectrode ArraysElectrochemical & Solid-State Ltrs. 8 (12), G371-G375 (2005).

(784) D. A. Walsh, J. L. Fernández, A. J. Bard “
Rapid Screening of Bimetallic Electrocatalysts for Oxygen Reduction in Acidic Media by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy” J. Electrochem. Soc. 153 (6), E99-E103 (2006).

(785) F. Longobardi, P. Cosma, F. Milano, A. Agostiano, J. Mauzeroll, A. J. Bard “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy of the Photosynthetic Reaction Center of Rhodobacter sphaeroides in Different Environmental SystemsAnal. Chem. 78, 5046-5051 (2006).

(786) M. M. Sartin, A. J. Boydston, B. L. Pagenkopf, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry, Spectroscopy, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Silole-Based ChromophoresJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 128, 10163-10170 (2006).

(787) Y. Bae, D. C. Lee, E. V. Rhogojina, D. C. Jurbergs, B. A. Korgel, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Films of Silicon Nanoparticles in Aqueous SolutionNanotechnology 17, 3791-3797 (2006).

(788) J. Ghilane, P. Hapiot, A. J. Bard “
Metal/Polypyrrole Quasi-Reference Electrode for Voltammetry in Nonaqueous and Aqueous SolutionsAnal. Chem. 78, 6868-6872 (2006).

(789) R. Tel-Vered, D. A. Walsh, M. A. Mehrgardi, A. J. Bard “
Carbon Nanofiber Electrodes and Controlled Nanogaps for Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy ExperimentsAnal. Chem. 78, 6959-6966 (2006).

(790) A. J. Bard, X. Li, W. Zhan “
Chemically Imaging Living Cells by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyBiosensors and Bioelectronics 22, 461-472 (2006).

(791) S. Zanarini, A. J. Bard, M. Marcaccio, A. Palazzi, F. Paolucci, S. Stagni “
Ruthenium(II) Complexes Containing Tetrazolate Group:  Electrochemiluminescence in Solution and Solid StateJ. Phys. Chem. B 110, 22551-22556 (2006).

(792) R. E. Palacios, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard, P. F. Barbara “
Single-Molecule Spectroelectrochemistry (SMS-EC)J. Am. Chem. Soc. (CommEd) 128, 9028-9029 (2006).

(793) J. L. Fernandez, J. M. White, Y. Sun, W. Tang, G. Henkelman, A. J. Bard “
Characterization and Theory of Electrocatalysts Based on Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Screening MethodsLangmuir 22(25),  10426-10431, (2006).

(794) R. Tel-Vered, A. J. Bard “
Generation and Detection of Single Metal Nanoparticles Using Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy TechniquesJ. Phys. Chem. B 110(50), 25279-25287 (2006). (Supporting Information)

(795) W. Zhan, A. J. Bard, “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence. 83. Immunoassay of Human C-Reactive Protein by Using Ru(bpy)32+-Encapsulated Liposomes as LabelsAnal. Chem. 79(2), 459-463, (2007).

(796) C. Hurth, C. Li, A. J. Bard “
Direct Probing of Electrical Double Layers by Scanning Electrochemical Potential MicroscopyJ. Phys. Chem. C  111(12), 4620-4627, (2007).

(797) A. J. Bard “
The Rise of Voltammetry: From Polarography to the Scanning Electrochemical Microscope” J. Chem. Ed. 84(4), 644-650, (2006), Volume Date 2007.


(798) J. Ghilane, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard, N. Dunwoody “
Facile Electrochemical Characterization of Core/Shell Nanoparticles.  Ag Core/Ag2O Shell StructuresNano Lett. 7(5), 1406-1412 (2007).

(799) C. Zoski, C. R. Luman, J. L. Fernández, A. J. Bard “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 57. SECM Tip Voltammetry at Different Substrate Potentials under Quasi-Steady-State and Steady-State Conditions”  Anal. Chem. 79, 4957-4966 (2007).


(800) D. Zhan, X. Li, W. Zhan, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 58. Application of a Micropipet-Supported ITIES Tip To Detect Ag+ and Study Its Effect on Fibroblast CellsAnal. Chem. 79, 5225-5231 (2007).

(801) K. M. Omer, A. L. Kanibolotsky, P. J. Skabara, I. F. Perepichka, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry, Spectroscopy, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Some Star-Shaped Truxene-Oligoflourene CompoundsJ. Phys. Chem. B 111, 6612-6619 (2007).

(802) X. Y. Xiao, A. J. Bard “
Observing Single Nanoparticle collisions at an Ultramicroelectrode by Electrocatalytic AmplificationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. Comm. Ed. 129, 9610-9612 (2007).

(803) R. E. Palacios, F.-R. F. Fan, J. K. Grey, J. Suk, A. J. Bard, P. F. Barbara “
Charging and Discharging of Single Conjugated-Polymer NanoparticlesNature Mater. 6, 680-685 (2007).

(804) M. M. Sartin, H. Zhang, J. Zhang, P. Zhang, W. Tian, Y. Wang, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of (dppy)BTPA - a  Bipolar, Solvatochromic Boron CompoundJ. Phys. Chem. C  111(44), 16345-16350 (2007).

(805) F.-R. F. Fan, B. Chen, A. K. Flatt, J. M. Tour, A. J. Bard “
Charge Transport through Carbon Nanotibe or Fullerene-molecule-silicone JunctionsNANO 2(5), 285-294 (2007).

(806)   S. Rashidnadimi, T. H. Hung, K.-T. Wong, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of 3,6-Di(spirobifluorene)-N-phenylcarbazoleJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(2), 634-639 (2008).

(807)   S.-Y. Ku, K.-T. Wong, A. J. Bard “
Surface Patterning with Fluorescent Molecules Using Click Chemistry Directed by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(8), 2392-2393 (2008).

(808)   J. Rodríguez-López, M. A. Alpuche-Aviles, A. J. Bard “
Selective Insulation with Poly(tetrafluoroethylene) of Substrate Electrodes for Electrochemical Background Reduction in Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy”  Anal. Chem. 80(5), 1813-1818 (2008).

(809)   A. Kiani, M. A. Alpuche-Aviles, P. K. Eggers, M. Jones, J. J. Gooding, M. N. Paddon-Row, A. J. Bard “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 59. Effect of Defects and Structure on Electron Transfer through Self-Assembled MonolayersLangmuir 24, 2841-2849 (2008).

(810)   C. M. Sánchez-Sánchez, J. Rodríguez-López, A. J. Bard “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy. 60. Quantitative Calibration of the SECM Substrate Generation/Tip Collection Mode and Its Use for the Study of the Oxygen Reduction MechanismAnal. Chem. 80, 3254-3260 (2008).

(811)   M. M. Sartin, C. Shu, A. J. Bard “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of a Spirobifluorene-Linked Bisanthracene: A Possible Simultaneous, Two-Electron TransferJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 5354-5360 (2008).

(812)   A. Minguzzi, M. A. Alpuche-Aviles, J. Rodriguez Lopez, S. Rondinini, A. J. Bard “
Screening of Oxygen Evolution Electrocatalysts by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Using a Shielded Tip ApproachAnal. Chem. 80(11), 4055-4064, (2008).

(813)   J. Yu, F.-R. F. Fan, S. Pan, V. M. Lynch, K. M. Omer, A. J. Bard “
Spontaneous Formation and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Tris(bipyridine) Ru(II) Derivative NanobeltsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 130(23), 7196-7197 (2008).

(814)   F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Observing Single Nanoparticle Collisions by Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence AmplificationNano Lett. 8(6), 1746-1749 (2008).

(815)   C-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard “
Electrostatic Electrochemistry at Insulators Nat. Mater. 7(6), 505-509 (2008).

(816)   C.-L. Lin, C. M. Sanchez-Sanchez, A. J. Bard
Methanol Tolerance of Pd-Co Oxygen Reduction Reaction Electrocatalysts Using Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyElectrochem. Solid-State Lett., 11(8), B136-B139 (2008).

(817)   Y.-L. Chang, R. E. Palacios, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard, P. F. Barbara “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Single Conjugated Polymer NanoparticlesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 8906-8907 (2008).

(818)   M. M. Sartin, F. Camerel, R. Ziessel, A. J. Bard “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of B8amide: A BODIPY-Based Molecule with Asymmetric ECL TransientsJ. Phys. Chem. C 112, 10833-10841 (2008).

(819)   A. B. Nepomnyashchii, M. A. Alpuche-Aviles, S. Pan, D. Zhan, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Cyclic Voltammetry Studies of Cd2+ and Zn2+ Complexation with Hydroxyl-Terminated Polyamidoamine Generation 2 Dendrimer at a Mercury MicroelectrodeJ. Electroanal. Chem. 621, 286-296 (2008).

(819A) D. Zhan, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
The Kv Channel Blocker 4-Aminopyridine Enhances Ag+ Uptake: A Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Study of Single Living CellsProc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 105(34), 12118-12122 (2008).

(820)   J. Lee, H. Ye, S. Pan, A. J. Bard “
Screening of Photocatalysts by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyAnal. Chem. 80, 7445-7450 (2008).

(821)   X. Xiao, F.-R. F. Fan, J. Zhou, A. J. Bard “
Current Transients in Single Nanoparticle Collision Events”  J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 16669-16677
(2008).

(822)   J. Rodríguez-López, M. A. Alpuche-Avilés, A. J. Bard “
Interrogation of Surfaces for the Quantification of Adsorbed Species on Electrodes:  Oxygen on Gold and Platinum in Neutral Media”  J. Am. Chem. Soc. 130, 16985-16995 (2008).

(823)   A. Izadyar, K. M. Omer, Y. Liu, S. Chen, X. Xu, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Quinoxaline DerivativesJ. Phys. Chem. C 112, 20027-20032 (2008).

(824)   X. Li, A.J. Bard “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy of HeLa Cells – Effects of Ferrocene Methanol and Silver Ion J. Electroanal. Chem. 628, 35-42 (2009).

(825)   F.-R. F. Fan, S. Park, Y. Zhu, R. S. Ruoff, A. J.Bard “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Partially Oxidized Highly Oriented Pyrolytic Graphite Surfaces and of Graphene Oxide NanoparticlesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 937-939 (2009).

(826) C.-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard “
Chemical Redox Reactions Induced by Cryptoelectrons on a PMMA Surface J. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(18), 6397-6401 (2009).

(827) J. S. Jang, J. Lee, H. Ye, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Rapid Screening of Effective Dopants for Fe2O3 Photocatalysts with Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy and Investigation of Their Photoelectrochemical PropertiesJ. Phys. Chem.113(16), 6719-6724 (2009).

(828) Y. M. Sun, M. Alpuche-Aviles, A. J. Bard, J. P. Zhou, J. M. White “
Preparation and Characterization of Pd-Ti Electrocatalyst on Carbon Supports for Oxygen ReductionJ. Nanoscience and Nanotechnology 9(2), 1281-1286 (2009).

(829) C. Zhang, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry of Oxygen in Concentrated NaOH Solutions: Solubility, Diffusion Coefficients, and Superoxide FormationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 131(1), 177-181 (2009).

(830) K. M. Omer, A. J. Bard “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Aromatic Hydrocarbon Nanoparticles in an Aqueous SolutionJ. Phys. Chem. C - Hiroshi Masuhara Festschrift Special Issue 113, 11575-11578 (2009). (Supporting Information)

(831) C. Jung, C. M. Sánchez-Sánchez, C.-L. Lin, J. Rodríguez-López, A. J. Bard “
Electrocatalytic Activity of Pd-Co Bimetallic Mixtures for Formic Acid Oxidation Studied by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyAnal. Chem. 81, 7003–7008 (2009).

(832) K. M. Omer, S.-Y. Ku, K.-T. Wong, A. J. Bard “
Green Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Highly Fluorescent Benzothiadiazole and Fluorene DerivativesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 131 10733- 10741 (2009).

(833) X. Xiao, S. Pan, J. S. Jang, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Single Nanoparticle Electrocatalysis: Effect of Monolayers on Particle and Electrode on Electron TransferJ. Phys. Chem. C 113, 14978-14982 (2009).

(834) A. Izadyar, S.-T. Liu, P.-T. Chou, A. J. Bard “
Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence (ECL) of 2-oxa- bicyclo[3.3.0]octa-4,8-diene-3,6-dione (OBDD)J. Electroanal. Chem. 635, 7-12 (2009).

(835) C.-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard “
Electrons on Dielectrics and Contact ElectrificationChem. Phys. Lett. 480, 145-156 (2009). Frontiers Article.

(836) C. M. Sánchez-Sánchez, A. J. Bard “
Hydrogen Peroxide Production in the Oxygen Reduction Reaction at Different Electrocatalysts as Quantified by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyAnal. Chem. 81, 8094-8100 (2009).

(837) J. S. Jang, K. Y. Yoon, X. Xiao, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Development of a Potential Fe2O3-Based Photocatalyst Thin Film for Water Oxidation by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy: Effects of Ag−Fe2O3 Nanocomposite and Sn DopingChem. Mater. 21 (20), 4803-4810 (2009).

(838) C.-L. Lin, J. Rodríguez-López, A. J. Bard “
Micropipet Delivery-Substrate Collection Mode of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy for the Imaging of Electrochemical Reactions and the Screening of Methanol Oxidation ElectrocatalystsAnal. Chem. 81, 8868-8877 (2009).

(839) K. M. Omer, S.-Y. Ku, K.-T. Wong, A. J. Bard “
Efficient and Stable Blue Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Fluorene-Substituted Aromatic HydrocarbonsAngew. Chem. Int. Ed. 48, 9300-9303 (2009).

(840) Q. Wang, J. Rodríguez-López, A. J. Bard “
Reaction of Br2 with Adsorbed CO on Pt, Studied by the Surface Interrogation Mode of Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 131, 17046-17047 (2009).

(841) C.-Y. Liu, A. J. Bard “
Electrostatic Electrochemistry: Nylon and Polyethylene SystemsChem. Phys. Lett. 485(1-3),231-234 (2010).

(842) W. Liu, H. Ye, A. J. Bard “
Screening of Novel Metal Oxide Photocatalysts by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy and Research of their Photoelectrochemical PropertiesJ. Phys. Chem. C 114(2), 1201-1207 (2010).

(843) T. Munisamy, A. J. Bard “
Electrodeposition of Si from Organic Solvents and Studies Related to Stages of Si GrowthElectrochim. Acta 55, 3797-3803 (2010).

(844) J. Rodríguez-López, A. J. Bard “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy: Surface Interrogation of Adsorbed Hydrogen and the Open Circuit Catalytic Decomposition of Formic Acid at PlatinumJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 5121-5129 (2010).

(845) N. T. Hahn, H. Ye, D. W. Flaherty, A. J. Bard, C. B. Mullins “
Reactive Ballistic Deposition of α-Fe2O3 Thin Films for Photoelectrochemical Water OxidationACS Nano 4, 1977-1986 (2010).

(846) A. J. Bard “
Inner-Sphere Heterogeneous Electrode Reactions. Electrocatalysis and Photocatalysis: The ChallengeJ. Am. Chem. Soc. Perspectives 132, 7559-7567 (2010).

(847) M. Shen, J. Rodríguez-López, Y.-T. Lee, C.-T. Chen, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of a Novel Donor-Acceptor FPhSPFN Red FluorophoreJ. Phys. Chem. C 114, 9772-9780 (2010).

(848) K. M. Omer, S.-Y. Ku, Y.-C. Chen, K.-T. Wong, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemical Behavior and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Star-Shaped D-A Compounds with a 1,3,5-Triazine Core and Substituted Fluorene ArmsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 10944-10952 (2010).

(849) H. Ye, J. Lee, J. S. Jang, A. J. Bard “
Rapid Screening of BiVO4-Based Photocatalysts by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SECM) and Studies of Their Photoelectrochemical PropertiesJ. Phys. Chem. C 114, 13322-13328 (2010).

(850) A. B. Nepomnyashchii, M. Bröring, J. Ahrens, R. Krüger, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of n-Pentyl and Phenyl BODIPY Species: Formation of Aggregates from the Radical Ion Annihilation ReactionJ. Phys. Chem. C 114,14453-14460 (2010).

(851) H. Zhou, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Observation of Discrete Au Nanoparticle Collisions by Electrocatalytic Amplification Using PT Ultramicroelectrode Surface ModificationJ. Phys. Chem. Lett. 1, 2671-2674 (2010).

(852) Q. Wang, J. Rodríguez-López, A. J. Bard “
Evaluation of the Chemical Reactions from Two Electrogenerated Species in Picoliter Volumes by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyChemPhysChem 11, 2969-2978 (2010).

(853) D. Koley, A. J. Bard “
Triton X-100 Concentration Effects on Membrane Permeability of a Single HeLa Cell By Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyPNAS 107(39), 16783-16787 (2010). (Supporting Information)

(854) S. J. Kwon, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Observing Iridium Oxide (IrOx) Single Nanoparticle Collisions UltramicroelectrodesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 13165-13167 (2010).

(855) M. Shen, J. Rodríguez-López, J. Huang, Q. Liu, X.-H. Zhu, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Dithienylbenzothiadiazole Derivative. Differential Reactivity of Donor and Acceptor Groups and Simulations of Radical Cation-Anion and Dication- Radical Anion AnnihilationsJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 13453-13461 (2010).

(856) G. Liu, A. J. Bard “
Rapid Preparation and Photoelectrochemical Screening of CuInSe2 and CuInMSe2 Arrays by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyJ. Phys. Chem. C. 114, 17509-17513 (2010).

(857) J. Rodríguez-López, A. Minguzzi, A. J. Bard “
Reaction of Various Reductants with Oxide Films on Electrodes As Studied by the Surface Interrogation Mode of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SI-SECM): Possible Validity of a Marcus RelationshipJ. Phys. Chem. C 114,
18645-18655 (2010).

(858) A. J. Bard, H. Zhou, S. J. Kwon “
Electrochemistry of Single Nanoparticles via Electrocatalytic AmplificationIsr. J. Chem. 50, 267-276 (2010).

(859) G. Liu, C. Liu, A. J. Bard “
Rapid Synthesis and Screening of ZnxCd1-xSySe1-y Photocatalysts by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyJ. Phys. Chem. C. 114, 20997-21002 (2010).

(860) A. B. Nepomnyashchii, S. Cho, P. J. Rossky, A. J. Bard “
Dependence of Electrochemical and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Properties on the Structure of BODIPY Dyes. Unusually Large Separation between Sequential Electron TransfersJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 132, 17550-17559 (2010).

(861) H. Ye, H. S. Park, V. Akhavan, B. W. Goodfellow, M. G. Panthani, B. A. Korgel, A. J. Bard “
Photoelectrochemical Characterization of CuInSe2 and Cu(In1-xGax)Se2 Thin Films for Solar CellsJ. Phys. Chem. C 115(1), 234-240 (2011). (Supporting Information)

(862) F. Zhang, V. Roznyatovskiy, F.-R. F. Fan, V. Lynch, J. L. Sessler, A. J. Bard “
A Method for Rapid Screening of Photosensitizers by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SECM) and the Synthesis and Testing of a Porphyrin SensitizerJ. Phys. Chem. C 115(5), 2592-2599 (2011). (Supporting Information 1, 2)

(863) X. Liu, M. M. Ramsey, X. Chen, D. Koley, M. Whiteley, A. J. Bard “
Real-time Mapping of a Hydrogen Peroxide Concentration Profile Across a Polymicrobial Bacterial Biofilm using Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyProc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 108(7), 2668-2673 (2011). (Supporting Information)

(864) S. P. Berglund, D. W. Flaherty, N. T. Hahn, A. J. Bard, C. B. Mullins “
Photoelectrochemical Oxidation of Water Using Nanostructured BiVO4 FilmsJ. Phys. Chem. C 115(9), 3794-3802 (2011). (Supporting Information)

(865) K. M. Omer, S.-Y. Ku, J.-Z. Cheng, S.-H. Chou, K.-T. Wong, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of a Spirobifluorene-Based Donor (Triphenylamine)- Acceptor (2,1,3-Benzothiadiazole) Molecule and Its Organic NanoparticlesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 5492-5499 (2011). (Supporting Information)

(866) S. J. Kwon, H. Zhou, F.-R. F. Fan, V. Vorobyev, B. Zhang, A. J. Bard “
Stochastic Electrochemistry with Electrocatalytic Nanoparticles at Inert Ultramicroelectrodes-Theory and ExperimentsPhys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 13, 5394-5402 (2011).

(867) A. B. Nepomnyashchii, M. Bröring, J. Ahrens, A. J. Bard “
Synthesis, Photophysical, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Studies. Multiple Sequential Electron Transfers in BODIPY Monomers, Dimers, Trimer, and PolymerJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 8633-8645 (2011). (Supporting Information)

(868) H. Ye, H. S. Park, A. J. Bard “
Screening of Electrocatalysts for Photoelectrochemical Water Oxidation on W-Doped BiVO4 Photocatalysts by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyJ. Phys. Chem. C 115, 12464-12470 (2011). (Supporting Information)

(869) J. Suk, J.-Z. Cheng, K.-T. Wong, A. J. Bard “
Synthesis, Electrochemistry, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Azide-BTA, a D-A-π-A-D Species with Benzothiadiazole and N,N- Diphenylaniline, and Its NanoparticlesJ. Phys. Chem. C 115, 14960-14968 (2011). (Supporting Information)

(870) J. Suk, K. M. Omer, T. Bura, R. Ziessel, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Some BODIPY DerivativesJ. Phys. Chem. C 115, 15361-15368 (2011). (Supporting Information)

(871) H. S. Park, K. E. Kweon, H. Ye, E. Paek, G. S. Hwang, A. J. Bard “
Factors in the Metal Doping of BiVO4 for Improved Photoelectrocatalytic Activity as Studied by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy and First-Principles Density-Functional CalculationJ. Phys. Chem. C 115, 17870- 17879 (2011). (Supporting Information)

(872) J. Rosenthal, A. B. Nepomnyashchii, J. Kozhukh, A. J. Bard, S. J. Lippard “
Synthesis, Electrochemistry, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of a Homologous Set of BODIPY-Appended Bipyridine DerivativesJ. Phys. Chem. C 115, 17993-18001 (2011). (Supporting Information)

(873) J. Suk, Z. Wu, L. Wang, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry, Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence, and Excimer Formation Dynamics of Intramolecular π-Stacked 9-Napthylanthracene Derivatives and Organic NanoparticlesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 133, 14675-14685 (2011). (Supporting Information)

(874) M. Shen, A. J. Bard “
Localized Electron Transfer and the Effect of Tunneling on the Rates of Ru(bpy)32+ Oxidation and Reduction As Measured by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(39), 15737-15742 (2011).

(875) M. Shen, N. Arroyo-Curras, A. J. Bard “
Achieving Nanometer Scale Tip-to-Substrate Gaps with Micrometer-Size Ultramicroelectrodes in Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyAnal. Chem. 83(23), 9082-9085 (2011). [Supporting Information]

(876) A. B. Nepomnyashchii, M. Broring, J. Ahrens, A. J. Bard “
Chemical and Electrochemical Dimerization of BODIPY Compounds: Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Detection of Dimer FormationJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 133(48), 19498-19504 (2011). [Supporting Information]

(877) J. Suk, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Organic NanoparticlesJ. Solid State Electrochem. 15(11-12), 2279-2291 (2011).

(878) D. Koley, M. M. Ramsey, A. J. Bard, M. Whiteley “
Discovery of a Biofilm Electrocline using Real-Time 3D Metabolite AnalysisProc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 108(50), 19996-20001 (2011). [Supporting Information]

(879) R. Calhoun, A. J. Bard “
Study of the Catalytic Following Reaction by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SECM)J. Electrochem. Soc. 159(3), F42-F47 (2012).

(880) S. Hoang, S. Guo, N. T. Hahn, A. J. Bard, C. B. Mullins “
Visible Light Driven Photoelectrochemical Water Oxidation on Nitrogen-Modified TiO2 NanowiresNano Lett. 12(1), 26- 32 (2012). [Supporting Information]

(881) A. Minguzzi, F.-R. F. Fan, A. Vertova, S. Rondinini, A. J. Bard “
Dynamic Potential-pH Diagrams Application to Electrocatalysts for Water OxidationChem. Sci. 3(1), 217-229 (2012).

(882) Y. Cong, H. S. Park, H. X. Dang, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard, C. B. Mullins “
Tantalum Cobalt Nitride Photocatalysts for Water Oxidation under Visible LightChem. Mater. 24(3), 579-586 (2012). [Supporting Information]

(883) J. Suk, P. Natarajan, J. N. Moorthy, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Twisted Anthracene-Functionalized BimesitylenesJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(7), 3451-3460 (2012). [Supporting Information]

(884) S. Hoang, S. P. Berglund, N. T. Hahn, A. J. Bard, C. B. Mullins “
Enhancing Visible Light Photo- Oxidation of Water with TiO2 Nanowire Arrays via Cotreatment with H2 and NH3: Synergistic Effects between Ti3+ and NJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(8), 3659-3662 (2012). [Supporting Information]

(885) S. Cho, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Formation of a Silicon Layer by Electroreduction of SiO2 Nanoparticles in CaCl2 Molten SaltElectrochim. Acta 65, 57-63 (2012). [Supporting Information]

(886) R. J. Gilliam, B. K. Boggs, V. Decker, M. A. Kostowskyj, S. Gorer, T. A. Albrecht, J. D. Way, D. W. Kirk, A. J. Bard “
Low Voltage Electrochemical Process for Direct Carbon Dioxide SequestrationJ. Electrochem. Soc. 159(5), B627-B628 (2012).

(887) S. J. Kwon, A. J. Bard “
Analysis of Diffusion-Controlled Stochastic Events of Iridium Oxide Single Nanoparticle Collisions by Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(16), 7102-7108 (2012). [Supporting Information]

(888) J. Rodríguez-López, M. Shen, A. B. Nepomnyashchii, A. J. Bard “
Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Study of Ion Annihilation Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Rubrene and [Ru(bpy)3]2+J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(22), 9240-9250 (2012).

(889) J. Chang, K. C. Leonard, S. K. Cho, A. J. Bard “
Examining Ultramicroelectrodes for Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy by White Light Vertical Scanning Interferometry and Filling Recessed Tips by Electrodeposition of GoldAnal. Chem. 84(11), 5159-5163 (2012).

(890) C. Gu, B. C. Norris, F.-R. F. Fan, C. W. Bielawski, A. J. Bard “
Is Base-Inhibited Vapor Phase Polymerized PEDOT an Electrocatalyst for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction? Exploring Substrate Effects, Including Pt Contaminated AuACS Cat., 2(5), 746-750 (2012).

(891) W. Li, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
The Application of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy to the Discovery of Pd-W Electrocatalysts for the Oxygen Reduction Reaction that Demonstrate High Activity, Stability, and Methanol ToleranceJ. Solid State Electrochem. 16(7), 2563-2568 (2012).

(892) S. Kwon, A. J. Bard “
DNA Analysis by Application of Pt Nanoparticle Electrochemical Amplification with Single Label ResponseJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(26), 10777-10779 (2012).

(893) A. B. Nepomnyashchii, R. J. Ono, D. M. Lyons, C. W. Bielawski, J. L. Sessler, A. J. Bard “
Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Thiophene and Fluorene Oligomers. Benzoyl Peroxide as a Coreactant for Oligomerization of Thiophene DimersChem. Sci. 3, 2628-2638 (2012).

(894) 
Y. Cong, H. S. Park, S. Wang, H.X. Dang, F.-R. F. Fan, C. B.Mullins, A. J. Bard “Synthesis of Ta3N5 Nanotube Arrays Modified with Electrocatalysts for Photoelectrochemical Water OxidationJ. Phys. Chem. C 116 (27) 14541–14550 (2012).

(895) S. Wang, S. F. Swingle, H. Ye, F.-R. F. Fan, A. H. Cowley, A. J. Bard “
Synthesis and Characterization of a p-Type Boron Arsenide PhotoelectrodeJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 134, 11056-11059 (2012). [Supporting Information]

(896) A. B. Nepomnyashchii, R. J. Ono, D. M. Lyons, J. L. Sessler, C. W. Bielawski, A. J. Bard “
Oligothiophene Nanoparticles: Photophysical and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence StudiesJ. Phys. Chem. Lett. 3, 2035-2038 (2012). [Supporting Information]

(897) H. Zhou, J. H. Park, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “
Observation of Single Metal Nanoparticle Collisions by Open Circuit (Mixed) Potential Changes at an UltramicroelectrodeJ. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(32), 13212-13215 (2012). DOI:10.1021/ja305573g [Supporting Information]

(898) H. X. Dang, N. T. Hahn, H. S. Park, A. J. Bard, C. B. Mullins ”
Nanostructured Ta3N5 Films as Visible-Light Active Photoanodes for Water OxidationJ. Phys. Chem. C 116(36), 19225-19232 (2012). DOI:10.1021/jp307369z [Supporting Information]

(899) A. J. Bard, R. W. Murray “
ElectrochemistryPNAS USA 109(29), 11484-11486 (2012). DOI:10.1073/pnas.1209943109

(900) D. Koley, A. J. Bard “
Inhibition of the MRP1-Mediated Transport of the Menadione-Glutathione Conjugate (Thiodione) in Hela Cells as Studied by SECMPNAS USA 109(29), 11522-11527, (2012). DOI:10.1073/pnas.1201555109 [Supporting Information]

(901) D. Zigah, J. Rodriguez-Lopez, A. J. Bard “
Quantification of Photoelectrogenerated Hydroxyl Radical on TiO2 by Surface Interrogation Scanning Electrochemical MicroscopyPhys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 14(37), 12764-12772 (2012). DOI:10.1039/c2cp40907k [Supporting Information]

(902) H. Qi, J. Chang, S. H. Abdelwahed, K. Thakur, R. Rathore, A. J. Bard “Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of π-Stacked Poly(fluorenemethylene) Oligomers. Multiple, Interacting Electron Transfers”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 134(39), 16265-16274 (2012). DOI:10.1021/ja3057997 [Supporting Information]

(903) A. K. Satpati, A. J. Bard “Preparation and Characterization of Carbon Powder Paste Ultramicroelectrodes as Tips for Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy Applications”
Anal. Chem. 84(21), 9498-9504 (2012). DOI:10.1021/ac302349m [Supporting Information]

(904) A. B. Nepomnyashchii, A. J. Bard “Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of BODIPY Dyes”
Acc. Chem. Res. 45(11), 1844-1853 (2012). DOI:10.1021/ar200278b

(905) S. K. Cho, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “Electrodeposition of Crystalline and Photoactive Silicon Directly from Silicon Dioxide Nanoparticles in Molten CaCl2”
Angew. Chem., Intl. Ed. 51(51), 12740-12744 (2012). DOI:10.1002/anie.201206789 [Supporting Information]

(906) S. Senthil Kumar, A. J. Bard “Background Emission of Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence during Oxidation of Tri-n-propylamine from the Dimeric
1Δg State of O2Anal. Chem. 85(1), 292-295 (2013). DOI:10.1021/ac302732x [Supporting Information]

(907) J. H. Park, H. Zhou, S. J. Percival, B. Zhang, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “Open Circuit (Mixed) Potential Changes Upon Contact Between Different Inert Electrodes-Size and Kinetic Effects”
Anal. Chem. 85(2), 964-970 (2013). DOI:10.1021/ac3025976

(908) S. P. Berglund, H. C. Lee, P. D. Nuñez, A. J. Bard, C. B. Mullins “Screening of Transition and Post-Transition Metals to Incorporate into Copper Oxide and Copper Bismuth Oxide for Photoelectrochemical Hydrogen Evolution”
Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys. 15, 4554-4565 (2013). DOI: 10.1039/c3cp50540e [Supporting Information]

(909) M. M. Najafpour, K. C. Leonard, F.-R. F. Fan, M. A. Tabrizi, A. J. Bard, C. K. King’ondu, S. L. Suib, B. Haghighia, S. I. Allakhverdiev “Nano-Size Layered Manganese–Calcium Oxide as an Efficient and Biomimetic Catalyst for Water Oxidation under Acidic Conditions: Comparable to Platinum”
Dalton Trans. 42, 5085-5091 (2013). DOI: 10.1039/c3dt32864c [Supporting Information]

(910) A. B. Nepomnyashchii, A. J. Pistner, A. J. Bard, J. Rosenthal “Synthesis, Photophysics, Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of PEG-Modified BODIPY Dyes in Organic and Aqueous Solutions”
J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 5599−5609 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/jp312166w [Supporting Information]

(911) D. Zhan, X. Li, A. B. Nepomnyashchii, M. A. Alpuche-Aviles, F.-R. F. Fan, A. J. Bard “Characterization of Ag+ Toxicity on Living Fibroblast Cells by the Ferrocenemethanol and Oxygen Response with the Scanning Electrochemical Microscope”
J. Electroanal. Chem. 688, 61-68 (2013). DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2012.07.008

(912) A. Boika, S. N. Thorgaard, A. J. Bard "Monitoring the Electrophoretic Migration and Adsorption of Single Insulating Nanoparticles at Ultramicroelectrodes"
J. Phys. Chem. B 117(16), 4371-4380 (2013) [Special Paul F. Barbara Memorial Issue]. DOI: 10.1021/jp306934g [Supporting Information]

(913) J. H. Park, A. Boika, H. S. Park, H. C. Lee, A. J. Bard “Single Collision Events of Conductive Nanoparticles Driven by Migration”
J. Phys. Chem. C 117(13), 6651-6657 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/jp3126494 [Supporting Information]

(914) J. H. Park, S. N. Thorgaard, B. Zhang, A. J. Bard “Single Particle Detection by Area Amplification: Single Wall Carbon Nanotube Attachment to a Nanoelectrode”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(14), 5258-5261 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/ja4000917 [Supporting Information]

(915) C. Bhattacharya, H. C. Lee, A. J. Bard “Rapid Screening by Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SECM) of Dopants for Bi
2WO6 Improved Photocatalytic Water Oxidation with Zn Doping” J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 9633−9640 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/jp308629q [Supporting Information]

(916) D. Wakerley, A. G. Güell, L. A. Hutton, T. S. Miller, A. J. Bard, J. V. Macpherson “Boron Doped Diamond Ultramicroelectrodes: A Generic Platform for Sensing Single Nanoparticle Electrocatalytic Collisions”
Chem. Commun. 49, 5657-5659 (2013). DOI: 10.1039/c3cc42915f

(917) H. S. Park, K. C. Leonard, A. J. Bard “Surface Interrogation Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy (SI-SECM) of Photoelectrochemistry at a W/Mo-BiVO4 Semiconductor Electrode: Quantification of Hydroxyl Radicals during Water Oxidation”
J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 12093-12102 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/jp400478z [Supporting Information]

(918) H. Qi, Y.-H. Chen, C.-H. Cheng, A. J. Bard “Electrochemistry and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Three Phenanthrene Derivatives, Enhancement of Radical Stability, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence Efficiency by Substituent Groups”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 9041-9049 (2013) DOI: 10.1021/ja403166s [Supporting Information]

(919) M. Shen, X.-H. Zhu, A. J. Bard “Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Solutions, Films, and Nanoparticles of Dithienylbenzothiadiazole-Based Donor-Acceptor-Donor Red Fluorophore. Fluorescence Quenching Study of Organic Nanoparticles”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 8868-8873 (2013) DOI: 10.1021/ja312189k [Supporting Information]

(920) A. J. E. Rettie, H. C. Lee, L. G. Marshall, J.-F. Lin, C. Capan, J. Lindemuth, J. S. McCloy, J. Zhou, A. J. Bard, C. B. Mullins “Combined Charge Carrier Transport and Photoelectrochemical Characterization of BiVO
4 Single Crystals: Intrinsic Behavior of a Complex Metal Oxide” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(30), 11389-11396 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/ja405550k [Supporting Information]

(921) K. C. Leonard, K. M. Nam, H. C. Lee, S. H. Kang, H. S. Park, A. J. Bard “ZnWO
4/WO3 Composite for Improving Photoelectrochemical Water Oxidation” J. Phys. Chem. C 117(31), 15901-15910 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/jp403506q [Supporting Information]

(922) H. Zhao, J. Chang, A. Boika, A. J. Bard “Electrochemistry of High Concentration Copper Chloride Complexes”
Anal. Chem. 85(16), 7696-7703 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/ac4016769

(923) H. S. Park, H. C. Lee, K. C. Leonard, G. Liu, A. J. Bard “Unbiased Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting in Z-Scheme Device Using W/Mo-Doped BiVO
4 and ZnxCd1-xSe” ChemPhysChem 14(10), 2277-2287 (2013). DOI: 10.1002/cphc.201201044 [Supporting Information]

(924) K. M. Nam, H. S. Park, H. C. Lee, B. H. Meekins, K. C. Leonard, A. J. Bard “Compositional Screening of the Pb-Bi-Mo-O System. Spontaneous Formation of a Composite of p-PbMoO
4 and n-Bi2O3 with Improved Photoelectrochemical Efficiency and Stability” J. Phys. Chem. Lett. 4(16), 2707-2710 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/jz401334k [Supporting Information]

(925) H. Qi, J. J. Teesdale, R. C. Pupillo, J. Rosenthal, A. J. Bard “Synthesis, Electrochemistry, and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Two BODIPY-Appended Bipyridine Homologues”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135, 13558−13566 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/ja406731f [Supporting Information]

(926) S. K. Cho, H. S. Park, H. C. Lee, K. M. Nam, A. J. Bard “Metal Doping of BiVO4 by Composite Electrodeposition with Improved Photoelectrochemical Water Oxidation”
J. Phys. Chem. C 117, 23048-23056 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/jp408619u [Supporting Information]

(927) K. C. Leonard, A. J. Bard “The Study of Multireactional Electrochemical Interfaces via a Tip Generation/Substrate Collection Mode of Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy: The Hydrogen Evolution Reaction for Mn in Acidic Solution”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(42), 15890-15896 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/ja407395m [Supporting Information 1, 2]

(928) K. C. Leonard, A. J. Bard “Pattern Recognition Correlating Materials Properties of the Elements to Their Kinetics for the Hydrogen Evolution Reaction”
J. Am. Chem. Soc. 135(42), 15885-15889 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/ja407394q [Supporting Information]

(929) A. K. Satpati, N. Arroyo-Curras, L. Ji, E. T. Yu, A. J. Bard “Electrochemical Monitoring of TiO2 Atomic Layer Deposition by Chronoamperometry and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy”
Chem. Mater. 25(21), 4165-4172 (2013). DOI: 10.1021/cm401635v [Supporting Information]

(930) J. Chang, A. J. Bard “Detection of the Sn(III) Intermediate and the Mechanism of the Sn(IV)/Sn(II) Electroreduction Reaction in Bromide Media by Cyclic Voltammetry and Scanning Electrochemical Microscopy” J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136(1), 311-320 (2014).
DOI: 10.1021/ja409958a

(931) W. D. Chemelewski, H.-C. Lee, J.-F. Lin, A. J. Bard, C. B. Mullins "Amorphous FeOOH Oxygen Evolution Reaction Catalyst for Photoelectrochemical Water Splitting" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136(7), 2843-2850 (2014).
DOI: 10.1021/ja411835a

(932) B.-K. Kim, A. Boika, J. Kim, J. E. Dick, A. J. Bard "Characterizing Emulsions by Observation of Single Droplet Collisions-Attoliter Electrochemical Reactors" J. Am. Chem. Soc. 136(13), 4849-4852 (2014).
DOI: 10.1021/ja500713w

(933) H. S. Park, H.-W. Ha, R. S. Ruoff, A. J. Bard "On the Improvement of Photoelectrochemical Performance and Finite Element Analysis of Reduced Graphene Oxide-BiVO4 Composite Electrodes" J. Electroanal. Chem. 716, 8-15 (2014).
DOI: 10.1016/j.jelechem.2013.08.036

(934) X. Zhang, H. Li, S. Wang, F. F. Fan, A. J. Bard "Improvement of Hematite as Photocatalyst by Doping with Tantalum" J. Phys. Chem. C (2014).
DOI: 10.1021/jp500395a

(935) J. Kim, B.-K. Kim, S-K. Cho, A. J. Bard " Tunneling Ultramicroelectrode: Nanoelectrodes and Nanoparticle Collisions " J. Am. Chem. Soc., 136, 8173−8176 (2014).
DOI: 10.1021/ja503314u

(936) J. Dick, C. Renault, B.-K. Kim, A. J. Bard “Electrogenerated Chemiluminescence of Common Organic Luminophores in Water Using an Emulsion System” J. Am. Chem. Soc., 2014, 136 (39), 13546–13549.
DOI: 10.1021/ja507198r [Supporting Information]

(937) Dick, J. E.; Renault, C.; Kim, B. K.; Bard, A. J. “Simultaneous Detection of Single Attoliter Droplet Collisions by Electrochemical and Electrogenerated Chemiluminescent Responses” Angew. Chem. Int. Ed., 2014, 53(44) 11859-11862 (2014).
DOI: 10.1002/anie.201407937 (Supporting Information)